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Table D.2.03. OECD: Percentage of 15-year-old students and their average PISA science scores, by students' reports of language spoken at home most of the time: 2006

  Language spoken at home is different from the language of the test   Language spoken at home is the same as the language of the test   Difference in science scores between students who do not speak the language of the test at home and students who speak the language of the test at home
  Percent   s.e. Average score     Percent s.e. Average score     PISA 2006   PISA 2003   PISA 2000
Jurisdiction   s.e.   s.e.   Difference     s.e.   Difference     s.e.   Difference     s.e.
OECD average 5   0.1 448 3.0   95 0.1 506 0.5   -59 *   2.6   -63 *   3.9   -57 *   4.2
OECD countries                                                  
Australia 8   0.7 511 7.6   92 0.7 530 2.0   -19 *   7.0   -24 *   6.0   -38 *   9.1
Austria 10   1.1 429 13.4   90 1.1 523 3.4   -94 *   13.6   -74 *   7.5   -95 *   10.5
Belgium 6   0.5 425 8.0   94 0.5 522 2.2   -97 *   7.7   -95 *   9.3   -126 *   9.5
Canada 11   0.7 517 5.4   89 0.7 540 1.8   -23 *   5.1   -35 *   5.0   -36 *   4.4
Czech Republic 1   0.2   99 0.2 515 3.5                  
                                                   
Denmark 5   0.5 415 8.7   95 0.5 502 3.0   -87 *   8.2   -36 *   13.9   -83 *   11.3
Finland 1   0.2   99 0.2 565 2.0               -67 *   18.6
France 5   0.5 457 9.0   95 0.5 500 3.4   -43 *   9.3   -78 *   11.8   -75 *   10.2
Germany 9   0.7 441 8.7   91 0.7 532 3.2   -90 *   7.9   -108 *   7.0   -113 *   11.3
Greece 4   0.5 398 11.1   96 0.5 477 3.1   -79 *   10.6   -57 *   10.4      
                                                   
Hungary 1   0.2   99 0.2 505 2.7         -40     22.8      
Iceland 2   0.3   98 0.3 494 1.7                  
Ireland 2   0.3   98 0.3 511 3.1                  
Italy 3   0.3   97 0.3 485 2.0         -65 *   19.4      
Japan #     100 0.1 534 3.3                  
                                                   
Korea #     100 # 523 3.4                  
Luxembourg 24   0.6 430 3.0   76 0.6 514 1.4   -84 *   3.5   -53 *   3.7      
Mexico #     100 0.1 410 2.7         -67 *   25.2      
Netherlands 6   0.7 449 11.0   94 0.7 531 2.2   -82 *   10.5   -84 *   9.9      
New Zealand 9   0.6 498 8.2   91 0.6 538 2.4   -40 *   7.8   -45 *   7.1   -66 *   9.8
                                                   
Norway 5   0.5 442 10.3   95 0.5 492 2.5   -50 *   9.3   -75 *   10.2   -57 *   9.7
Poland #     100 0.2 498 2.3                  
Portugal 2   0.4   98 0.4 477 2.9                  
Slovak Republic #     100 0.1 489 2.6         -157 *   41.1      
Spain 3   0.3   97 0.3 491 2.5         -16     19.9   -51 *   23.3
                                                   
Sweden 8   0.7 444 5.9   92 0.7 511 2.2   -67 *   5.6   -79 *   10.6   -69 *   9.4
Switzerland 13   0.6 438 5.4   87 0.6 528 2.9   -90 *   4.4   -91 *   6.9   -90 *   6.2
Turkey 2   0.4   98 0.4 425 3.9                  
United Kingdom 4   0.6 464 14.8   96 0.6 519 2.0   -54 *   14.4            
United States 11   1.0 434 6.4   89 1.0 498 4.3   -64 *   6.8   -52 *   6.9   -68 *   13.7
Non-OECD jurisdiction                                                  
Argentina #     100 0.2 392 6.1                  
Azerbaijan 2 ! 0.7   98 0.7 383 2.8                  
Brazil #     100 0.1 390 2.8                  
Bulgaria 5   0.9 346 9.1   95 0.9 440 5.8   -94 *   9.2         -97 *   16.9
Chile #     100 0.1 438 4.5                  
                                                   
Colombia 1     99 0.2 388 3.4                  
Croatia #     100 0.1 494 2.4                  
Estonia #     100 0.1 533 2.5                  
Hong Kong-China 3   0.7   97 0.7 546 2.4         -60 *   8.4   -61 *   8.9
Indonesia 2   0.3   98 0.3 394 5.6         -9     12.4   -16     13.5
                                                   
Israel 11   1.1 457 7.9   89 1.1 460 3.7   -4     7.8            
Jordan 3   0.3   97 0.3 425 2.7                  
Kyrgyzstan 1   0.3   99 0.3 323 2.9                  
Latvia #     100 0.1 491 2.9         -4     23.6   -162 *   71.8
Liechtenstein 12   1.6 434 17.4   88 1.6 536 4.7   -102 *   18.3   -52 *   14.2   -55 *   20.1
                                                   
Lithuania #     100 # 489 2.8                  
Macao-China 4   0.3 480 8.9   96 0.3 513 1.1   -33 *   9.1   -55 *   14.9      
Montenegro 2   0.2 403 8.2   98 0.2 413 1.3                  
Qatar 4   0.2 398 6.6   96 0.2 350 1.0   48 *   6.8            
Romania 1     99 0.2 419 4.2                  
                                                   
Russian Federation 9   2.0 427 6.8   91 2.0 485 3.4   -58 *   7.1   -60 *   10.3   -26 *   11.0
Serbia #     100 0.1 436 3.0                  
Slovenia 6   0.4 450 6.7   94 0.4 525 1.1   -75 *   6.8            
Chinese Taipei 1   0.1   99 0.1 536 3.4                  
Thailand 2   0.2   98 0.2 422 2.1         -36 *   14.5   -50 *   23.2
                                                   
Tunisia 5   0.5 390 8.7   95 0.5 385 2.8                  
Uruguay 1   0.3   99 0.3 430 2.7                  
— Not available.
† Not applicable.
# Rounds to zero.
! Interpret data with caution. (Estimates are unstable.)
‡ Reporting standards not met.
*p<05. Difference is statistically significant.
NOTE: Results based on students' self-reports. The OECD average is the average of the national averages of the OECD member countries. Because PISA is principally an OECD study, the results for non-OECD jurisdictions are displayed separately from those of the OECD countries and are not included in the OECD average. The tests for significance take into account the standard error for the reported difference. Thus, a small difference between the United States and one jurisdiction may be significant while a large difference between the United States and another jurisdiction may not be significant. Standard errors are noted by s.e. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: Data from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Program for International Student Assessment (PISA), 2006. OECD. (2007) PISA 2006 Science Competencies for Tomorrow's World, table 4.3a. Paris: Author.
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
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