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Table D.2.01. IEA: Percentage of fourth-grade students and their average PIRLS reading scores, by extent to which parents speak the language of the test at home and jurisdiction: 2006
Jurisdiction Students speak language of the test at home1    Percentage of students whose parents most often speak language of the test at home2 
Always   Sometimes   Never   Either parent   Both parents  
Percent   s.e.   Average score s.e.   Percent   s.e.   Average score s.e.   Percent   s.e.   Average score s.e.   Percent   s.e.   Percent   s.e.  
International average 66   0.2   506 0.7   29   0.2   505 0.8   5   0.1   424 3.4   87   0.2   73   0.2  
                                                           
Austria 74   1.2   551 1.9   24   1.1   520 3.5   2   0.5     90   0.8   80   1.1  
Belgium (Flemish) 77   1.3   555 1.7   21   1.1   526 3.5   2   0.3     94   0.8   85   1.2  
Belgium (French) 66   1.3   507 2.3   32   1.2   493 4.0   2   0.2     93   0.9 3  79   1.2 3 
Bulgaria 70   2.2   558 3.9   27   2.0   537 7.2   3   0.7   494 16.0   83   2.0   72   2.1  
Canada, Alberta 70   1.5   566 2.2   29   1.4   554 3.9   1   0.2     92   1.1 3  84   1.5 3 
                                                           
Canada, British Columbia 64   1.8   563 2.6   35   1.8   556 3.5   1   0.2     84   1.6 3  73   2.3 3 
Canada, Nova Scotia 72   0.9   548 2.3   28   0.9   544 3.0   1   0.1     98   0.3   89   0.8  
Canada, Ontario 61   1.8   562 2.8   38   1.8   550 3.5   1   0.2     85   1.6   75   2.2  
Canada, Quebec 64   1.4   540 3.4   35   1.4   532 2.6   2   0.3     93   1.0   78   1.5  
Chinese Taipei 36   0.8   528 2.6   63   0.8   544 2.0   1   0.2     82   1.0 3  54   1.3 3 
                                                           
Denmark 81   1.1   551 2.3   18   1.0   535 4.3   1   0.2     96   0.5   88   1.0  
England 76   1.3   546 2.7   23   1.2   532 4.5   1   0.2            
France 66   1.2   531 2.1   34   1.2   512 2.7   1   0.1     96   0.6   85   1.2  
Georgia 85   1.5 3  475 3.4 3  14   1.2 3  486 6.3 3    3  3  97   1.2   73   1.9  
Germany 73   1.0 3  564 2.1 3  26   0.9 3  536 3.3 3  1   0.2 3  3  93   0.6 3  81   1.1 3 
                                                           
Hong Kong SAR4 65   0.8   562 2.4   33   0.8   571 2.5   2   0.3     98   0.4   80   0.8  
Hungary 75   1.2   553 2.9   24   1.2   550 4.4   1   0.2     99   0.2   89   0.8  
Iceland 64   0.8   512 1.5   35   0.8   513 1.9   1   0.1     99   0.2 3  92   0.5 3 
Indonesia 38   2.0 3  403 5.7 3  50   1.8 3  424 4.3 3  11   1.0 3  406 7.9 3         
Iran, Islamic Rep. of 53   2.2   447 3.5   28   1.5   423 5.1   19   1.6   364 7.4   62   2.0   52   2.1  
                                                           
Israel 57   1.1 3  524 4.1 3  39   1.1 3  539 2.9 3  4   0.4 3  468 14.4 3  90   1.3 5  76   1.5 5 
Italy 71   1.2   558 3.1   27   1.1   549 4.1   3   0.4   521 13.4   97   0.4   89   0.7  
Kuwait 26   1.5 5  330 8.2 5  43   1.6 5  367 5.5 5  32   2.1 5  336 6.3 5  5   0.5 3  1 ! 0.3 3 
Latvia 69   1.4   546 2.4   28   1.2   538 3.6   3   0.5   525 13.0   94   0.8   77   1.4  
Lithuania 79   1.0   539 1.7   21   1.0   538 2.8   #       99   0.3   86   0.7  
                                                           
Luxembourg 3   0.2   568 7.1   44   0.6   563 1.4   53   0.6   553 1.6   4   0.3   1   0.1  
Macedonia, Rep. of 83   1.2 3  450 4.0 3  15   1.0 3  489 6.8 3  2   0.5 3  3  95   1.2   84   1.4  
Moldova, Rep. of 74   1.1   498 3.3   25   1.1   511 3.9   1   0.2     96   0.6   80   1.1  
Morocco 50   2.9   337 6.7   24   1.7   337 8.1   26   2.8   303 15.0   71   3.1   51   2.8  
Netherlands 76   1.2   553 1.6   23   1.2   533 2.6   1 ! 0.3     95   1.1 5  87   1.5 5 
                                                           
New Zealand 73   1.0   542 2.1   26   0.9   519 3.1   1   0.2     92   0.8 5  78   1.1 5 
Norway 80   0.9   505 2.2   20   0.9   494 4.0   1   0.1     100   0.1   93   0.7  
Poland 85   0.6   519 2.3   14   0.6   533 4.1   #       100   0.1   90   0.5  
Qatar 61   0.7 3  360 1.9 3  35   0.7 3  369 2.0 3  4   0.3 3  309 8.6 3  96   0.3 5  78   0.6 5 
Romania 81   1.6   495 4.0   17   1.2   515 8.8   2 ! 0.6     92   1.8   82   1.9  
                                                           
Russian Federation 82   1.1   568 3.4   16   1.0   568 6.3   2   0.4     93   1.0   76   1.2  
Scotland 80   1.0   528 3.0   19   1.0   536 4.4   1   0.2     99   0.3 5  90   0.8 5 
Singapore 21   0.7   571 3.5   73   0.8   559 3.0   5   0.3   516 5.2   56   0.8 3  26   0.9 3 
Slovak Republic 71   1.6   537 2.3   26   1.4   531 5.1   3   0.7   439 31.6   95   1.2   84   1.3  
Slovenia                   97   0.6   89   0.9  
                                                           
South Africa 62   1.2 3  306 6.6 3  30   1.0 3  359 8.0 3  8   0.5 3  270 8.1 3  79   1.4 3  43   1.4 3 
Spain 60   1.3   519 2.5   32   1.1   517 3.0   8   0.7   498 6.0   84   1.5 5  69   1.7 5 
Sweden 75   1.2   555 2.3   24   1.1   538 3.4   1   0.2     93   0.8   84   1.0  
Trinidad and Tobago 77   1.3   439 5.0   20   1.1   455 7.5   3   0.4   351 13.2   99   0.3   84   0.9  
United States 72   1.4   547 3.4   27   1.4   534 4.7   1   0.2            
— Not available.
† Not applicable.
# Rounds to zero.
! Interpret data with caution. (Estimates are unstable.)
1 Data reported by students.
2 Data reported by parents.
3 Data are available for 70 percent to 84 percent of the students.
4 Hong Kong is a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the People's Republic of China.
5 Data are available for 50 percent to 69 percent of the students.
NOTE: Background data are provided by students and parents. The international average is the average of the jurisdiction averages but does not include the results from the Canadian provinces. Average reading literacy scores are reported on a scale from 0-1000. Apparent differences may not be statistically significant. Standard error is noted by s.e. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: Data from the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA), Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS), 2006. Mullis, I.V.S., Martin, M.O., Kennedy, A.M., and Foy, P. (2007). PIRLS 2006 International Report, exhibit 3.11. Chestnut Hill, MA: Boston College PDF File (42MB).
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education