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Table D.1.03b. IEA: Percentage distribution and average science achievement scores of eighth-grade students in general/integrated science as reported in TIMSS, by the Index of students' positive affect toward science (PATS) and country: 2007
Country, ordered by high PATS High PATS   Medium PATS   Low PATS
2007 percent
of students
  Average
achievement
  Difference in percent from 1999   Difference in percent from 1995   2007 percent
of students
  Average
achievement
  Difference in percent from 1999   Difference in percent from 1995   2007 percent
of students
  Average
achievement
  Difference in percent from 1999   Difference in percent from 1995
Percent s.e   Score s.e.   Percent   s.e.     Percent   s.e.     Percent s.e   Score s.e.   Percent   s.e.     Percent   s.e.     Percent s.e   Score s.e.   Percent   s.e.     Percent   s.e.  
International Avg. 65 0.2   476 0.7               19 0.1   442 0.9               16 0.2   436 1.3            
                                                                                               
Tunisia 88 0.8   447 2.1               7 0.5   428 4.7               4 0.4   434 7.1   -2 ! 0.7      
Botswana 84 0.8   370 3.1               11 0.6   291 5.7               5 0.5   274 8.4            
Colombia 83 1.2   419 3.6               12 0.9   416 5.1         -4 ! 1.3   5 0.4   425 8.6            
Oman 82 0.9   434 2.8               14 0.7   387 5.3               3 0.4   383 13.0            
Egypt 82 1.3   421 3.6               13 1.2   373 6.9               5 0.4   363 9.7            
                                                                                               
Ghana 80 1.0   320 4.7               16 0.8   254 7.7               4 0.3   226 10.7            
Jordan 77 1.7   493 3.7               13 0.9   455 7.4   -3 ! 1.1         10 1.1   470 8.3            
Turkey 77 1.1   461 3.7               15 0.7   435 5.6               8 0.8   429 6.9            
El Salvador 77 1.2   390 3.0               17 0.9   380 4.5               6 0.5   395 6.8            
Iran, Islamic Rep. of 73 1.3   467 3.8   -8   1.5   -7   1.8   17 1.0   444 5.1   5   1.1         9 0.7   448 6.8   3 ! 0.9   5   0.9
                                                                                               
Malaysia 73 1.2   483 6.0   -17   1.4         18 0.9   438 7.2   12   1.0         8 0.5   434 9.2   5   0.7      
Palestinian Nat'l Auth. 70 1.2   421 3.8               18 0.8   377 5.5               12 0.7   380 7.6            
Thailand 68 1.2   478 4.5   -9   1.6         25 0.9   454 4.7   9   1.1         6 0.5   466 7.2   #          
Bahrain 68 1.0   476 1.9               18 0.7   455 3.5               14 0.8   451 4.7            
Singapore 68 0.9   586 4.3   -10   1.6   -14   1.5   19 0.7   535 6.1   7   1.0   6   1.1   13 0.6   517 6.8   3 ! 1.1   8   0.8
                                                                                               
Saudi Arabia 68 1.3   413 2.9               19 0.8   389 4.4               13 0.9   388 4.4            
Qatar 61 0.6   333 1.8               19 0.5   303 3.9               20 0.5   307 3.9            
Hong Kong SAR 60 1.4   549 4.8   -4 ! 1.9         22 0.8   508 5.4   4   1.1   -5   1.3   19 1.1   498 6.7         #    
Kuwait 60 1.1   428 3.2               21 0.7   413 4.5               20 0.9   408 5.9            
Norway 59 1.3   495 2.1               20 0.8   483 3.7               21 1.0   472 3.7         #    
                                                                                               
Scotland 56 1.3   517 3.4         -13   2.0   22 0.8   482 4.5         7   1.1   22 1.1   459 4.3         6   1.5
England 55 1.3   561 4.9   -21   1.6   -15   1.8   20 0.8   532 4.9   9   1.1   4 ! 1.2   25 1.1   510 5.0   12   1.3   11   1.4
United States 54 1.2   533 2.9   -6   1.5         22 0.5   508 3.6   4   0.8   -2 ! 0.9   24 0.9   503 3.5         3 ! 1.3
Israel 51 1.2   492 4.6   -7   1.8         22 0.7   453 5.3   3 ! 1.0         28 1.2   452 5.5   4 ! 1.6      
Italy 47 1.1   511 3.7   -16   1.8         26 0.9   488 3.6   10   1.2         26 1.0   475 3.5   7   1.5      
                                                                                               
Australia 47 1.4   535 4.7               22 0.8   504 4.2               31 1.1   494 4.3         3 ! 1.4  
Japan 47 1.1   574 2.2               28 0.9   545 2.8   5   1.1         25 1.1   529 3.5   -6   1.7      
Chinese Taipei 40 1.3   597 3.9   -22   1.7         24 0.7   552 4.2   8   0.9         35 1.2   527 3.8   14   1.4      
Korea, Rep. of 38 1.1   586 2.4   8   1.5   4 ! 1.7   27 0.7   544 2.9   -3 ! 0.9   -15   1.2   36 1.0   526 2.6   -5 ! 1.5   11   1.6
                                                                                               
Benchmarking Participants                                                                                              
Dubai, UAE1 68 1.6   506 2.8               18 0.9   469 5.0               14 1.0   463 6.7            
Ontario, Canada 56 1.8   542 3.2               21 0.9   514 5.7   5   1.3   -3 ! 1.3   23 1.3   500 5.3            
British Columbia, Canada 55 1.4   541 3.3   -5 ! 2.4         21 0.8   512 3.8               24 1.1   505 3.3            
Massachusetts, US 54 2.9   568 6.6               22 1.3   551 5.3   4 ! 1.6         24 2.3   536 4.6            
Quebec, Canada 53 2.0   516 3.8               18 1.0   503 6.3         -4 ! 1.7   30 1.7   497 4.8            
                                                                                               
Minnesota, US 50 2.1   553 5.4               23 1.2   534 5.6         #       26 1.5   516 5.5            
Basque Country, Spain 44 1.7   516 3.5               23 1.2   496 3.9               33 1.7   476 4.3            
— Not available.
† Not applicable.
# Rounds to zero.
! Interpret data with caution, estimates are unstable. The coefficient of variation is greater than or equal to .3 but less than .5.
‡ Reporting standards not met. The coefficient of variation is greater than or equal to .5.
∆ 2007 percent significantly higher at the p<0.05 level.
▼ 2007 percent significantly lower at the p<0.05 level.
1 Indicates data are available for at least 70 percent but less than 85 percent of the students.
NOTE: Index of positive affect towards science (PATS) based on students’ responses to three statements about science: 1) I enjoy learning science; 2) Science is boring (Reversed); 3) I like science. Average is computed across the three items based on a 4-point scale: 1. Agree a lot; 2. Agree a little; 3. Disagree a little; 4. Disagree a lot. Students agreeing a lot or a little on average across the three statements are assigned to the high level. Students disagreeing a little or a lot on average across the three statements are assigned to the low level. All other students are assigned to the middle level. Standard error is noted by s.e. Detail may not sum to total due to rounding.
SOURCE: Data from the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA), Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), 2007. Mullis, I.V.S., Martin, M.O., and Foy, P. (2008). TIMSS 2007 International Science Report: Findings from IEA's Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study at the Fourth and Eighth Grades, exhibit 4.8. Chestnut Hill, MA: Boston College.
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education