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Table D.1.02. IEA: Percentage distribution and average reading achievement of fourth-grade students as reported in PIRLS, by the Index of students' reading self-concept (SRSC) and country: 2006
Countries, ordered by high SRSC High SRSC   Medium SRSC   Low SRSC
2006 percent of students   Average achievement   Difference in percent from 2001   2006 percent of students   Average achievement   Difference in percent from 2001     2006 percent of students   Average achievement   Difference in percent from 2001  
Percent s.e.   Score s.e.   Percent   s.e.   Percent s.e.   Score s.e.   Percent   s.e.     Percent   s.e.   Score s.e.   Percent   s.e.  
International Avg. 49 0.2   529 0.5       48 0.2   479 0.6         3   0.1   436 1.9      
                                                                 
Israel 63 0.9   544 2.8       36 0.9   477 4.6         1   0.2     #    
Austria 62 0.9   553 2.4       36 0.9   517 2.7         2   0.3        
Sweden 62 0.9   569 2.2       37 0.9   523 3.0         2   0.2     1 ! 0.3  
Poland 61 0.9   547 2.2       36 0.8   483 3.3         2   0.3        
Norway 61 1.2   518 2.4   5 ! 1.6 37 1.2   477 3.5   -5 ! 1.6   2   0.3     #    
                                                                 
Netherlands 60 0.9   560 1.8   4 ! 1.3 36 0.9   531 2.2   -7   1.2   4   0.4   508 5.8   2   0.5
Denmark 60 0.9   574 2.2       38 0.9   511 3.1         3   0.3   442 8.9      
Slovenia 58 1.0   545 2.1   #     40 1.0   491 2.4         2   0.2     1 ! 0.4  
Iceland 58 0.8   534 1.5   3 ! 1.2 40 0.9   484 2.1   -3 ! 1.2   2   0.3     1 ! 0.4  
Germany 58 0.9   571 2.4   5   1.2 40 0.9   529 2.2   -6   1.2   2   0.2     1 ! 0.3  
                                                                 
Bulgaria 58 1.4   570 3.9   #     38 1.3   523 5.6         4   0.6   482 14.2   3   0.7
Italy 56 1.1   569 3.2   6   1.7 41 1.1   534 2.9   -7   1.7   3   0.3   496 9.2   1 ! 0.4  
Macedonia, Rep. of 55 1.3   486 3.9   -9   1.8 44 1.2   401 4.6   8   1.7   1   0.2     #    
Iran, Islamic Rep. of 54 1.2   458 3.3       44 1.2   383 3.8         2   0.2     #    
Canada, British Columbia 54 0.9   584 2.5       43 0.9   533 3.0         2   0.3        
                                                                 
Qatar 54 0.6   400 1.7       43 0.6   309 1.7         3   0.2   279 9.6      
Canada, Alberta 53 0.9   584 2.8       44 0.9   538 2.5         3   0.3   505 6.6      
Russian Federation 53 1.1   584 3.5   15   1.7 45 0.9   546 3.8   -15   1.5   2   0.3     #    
Canada, Nova Scotia 52 0.9   572 2.4       45 0.9   518 2.3         3   0.3   469 7.5      
United States 51 0.8   566 3.5   -6   1.5 44 0.8   518 3.9   5   1.4   4   0.3   495 5.9      
                                                                 
Belgium (Flemish) 51 1.0   565 2.0       44 1.0   532 2.3         5   0.4   502 4.3      
Georgia 51 1.3   498 3.2       46 1.2   450 3.7         4   0.6   428 14.8      
Canada, Ontario 51 1.0   579 2.8   -5 ! 1.5 46 1.0   533 3.5   4 ! 1.5   3   0.3   494 7.8      
Luxembourg 50 0.7   582 1.3       46 0.7   535 1.5         4   0.3   497 4.5      
Romania 50 1.4   524 4.2   -4 ! 1.9 45 1.3   467 5.6   #       5   0.7   416 10.6   4   0.8
                                                                 
Canada, Quebec 50 1.3   560 2.5   -9   1.8 46 1.2   515 3.1   6   1.7   4   0.5   463 6.8   2 ! 0.6
Trinidad and Tobago 49 1.4   482 3.7       47 1.3   399 5.8         4   0.6   338 16.4      
Spain 48 1.0   535 2.6       50 1.0   495 2.7         2   0.2        
Hong Kong SAR 48 0.9   585 1.9   9   1.3 50 0.9   545 2.7   -7   1.3   2   0.2     -1 ! 0.4  
Hungary 45 1.3   579 2.7       51 1.1   531 3.3         4   0.4   495 7.7   2   0.5
                                                                 
Chinese Taipei 45 0.9   560 2.1       51 0.9   518 2.2         4   0.3   494 5.9      
Singapore 45 0.9   583 2.9       52 0.8   542 3.0         3   0.2   489 6.4   #    
Latvia 43 1.2   567 2.6   9   1.5 53 1.2   523 3.0   -9   1.6   3   0.4   498 7.0      
Slovak Republic 43 0.9   562 2.4   #     54 0.9   512 3.3         4   0.3   459 7.0   2   0.5
Scotland 43 1.1   556 3.7       52 1.1   512 2.9         6   0.5   457 5.1   2 ! 0.6
                                                                 
England 42 1.1   578 3.5       51 1.1   519 2.7   #       7   0.5   468 7.0   3   0.7
Lithuania 40 0.9   561 2.1   5   1.4 57 0.8   523 1.9   -6   1.3   3   0.3   493 6.8      
Kuwait1 38 1.3   384 5.2       59 1.2   318 5.0         3   0.3   247 11.6      
Morocco 38 1.6   354 5.8   -8 ! 2.4 59 1.6   309 7.6   9   2.3   3   0.5   276 22.0      
Belgium (French) 38 0.9   526 3.1       58 0.8   487 2.7         4   0.5   454 6.1      
                                                                 
New Zealand 36 0.8   574 2.2   -9   1.3 60 0.8   513 2.4   8   1.3   4   0.3   459 6.1      
France 36 0.8   549 3.1   3 ! 1.3 60 0.9   510 1.9   -4 ! 1.3   4   0.3   472 5.1   1 ! 0.4  
Indonesia 34 1.3   426 3.8       65 1.2   398 4.7         1 ! 0.3        
Moldova, Rep. of 32 1.3   525 3.6   -11   2.1 65 1.3   490 3.4   11   2.1   3   0.4   469 10.7      
South Africa 31 0.8   369 6.6       64 0.8   282 5.3         4   0.3   232 6.6      
— Not available.
† Not applicable.
# Rounds to zero.
! Interpret data with caution, estimates are unstable. The coefficient of variation is greater than or equal to .3 but less than .5.
‡ Reporting standards not met. Either data are insufficient to report achievement or the coefficient of variation is greater than or equal to 5.
∆ Percent in 2006 significantly higher at the p<0.05 level.
▼ Percent in 2006 significantly lower at the p<0.05 level.
1 Indicates data are available for at least 70 percent but less than 85 percent of the students.
NOTE: Index of students' reading self-concept based on students' responses to the following: reading is very easy for me, I do not read as well as other students in my class, when I am reading by myself I understand almost everything I read, and I read slower than other students in my class. Average is computed on a 4-point scale: Disagree a lot = 1, Disagree a little = 2, Agree a little = 3, and Agree a lot = 4. Responses for negative statements were reverse-coded. High indicates an average of greater than 3 through 4. Medium indicates an average of 2 through 3. Low indicate an average of 1 to less than 2. "I read slower than other students in my class" is a new variable added to the index in PIRLS 2006, and is not a part of the PIRLS 2001 index calculations. The International Average does not include the results from the Canadian provinces. The primary education systems of the Russian Federation and Slovenia underwent structural changes. (In 2001, the Russian Federation sample contained both third- and fourth-grade students; in 2006, however, all students were in fourth grade. Slovenia is in transition towards having all children begin school at an earlier age so that instead of having three years of primary schooling, as was the case in 2001, they all will have four years. This transition was not complete in 2006, however.) Data for Canada, Ontario include only public schools. Standard error is noted by s.e. Detail may not sum to total due to rounding.
SOURCE: Data from the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA), Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS), 2006. Mullis, I.V.S., Martin, M.O., Kennedy, A.M., and Foy, P. (2007). PIRLS 2006 International Report, exhibit 4.2. Chestnut Hill, MA: Boston College.
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education