Skip Navigation
small NCES header image

Table D.1.01. IEA: Percentage distribution and average reading achievement of fourth-grade students as reported in PIRLS, by the Index of students' attitudes toward reading (SATR) and country: 2006
Countries, ordered by high SATR High SATR   Medium SATR   Low SATR  
2006 percent of students   Average achievement   Difference in percent from 2001   2006 percent of students   Average achievement   Difference in percent from 2001     2006 percent of students         Difference in percent from 2001
                Average achievement  
                 
Percent s.e.   Score s.e.   Percent   s.e.   Percent s.e.   Score s.e.   Percent   s.e.     Percent s.e.   Score s.e.   Percent   s.e.  
International Avg. 49 0.2   525 0.5       44 0.2   482 0.6         8 0.1   489 1.0      
                                                               
Iran, Islamic Rep. of 77 1.3   437 3.0   6 ! 2.3 21 1.2   382 5.6   -6 ! 2.2   2 0.3     -1 ! 0.4  
Italy 64 1.4   565 3.0   8   1.9 31 1.2   531 3.4   -7   1.7   5 0.5   520 6.1      
Macedonia, Rep. of 63 1.5   471 4.1       35 1.5   407 5.0         2 0.2     1 ! 0.3  
Romania 60 1.3   513 5.0   #     36 1.3   462 6.2         4 0.4   466 9.2   3   0.5
Canada, Quebec 58 1.5   553 2.8       36 1.2   512 2.6   #       6 0.6   503 6.7      
                                                               
Germany 58 1.1   569 2.5   8   1.4 35 1.0   533 2.5   -6   1.2   8 0.4   516 4.1   -2 ! 0.6
Moldova, Rep. of 58 1.6   514 3.3   -8 ! 2.5 41 1.6   484 4.2   7 ! 2.5   2 0.3     #    
France 57 0.9   542 2.3   #     38 0.8   498 2.2   #       4 0.4   485 5.9      
Bulgaria 57 1.4   567 4.3       37 1.2   527 5.2         6 0.6   509 9.4   2 ! 0.8
Spain 56 1.1   528 2.1       40 1.0   497 3.1         4 0.4   492 6.7      
                                                               
Hong Kong SAR 55 1.1   579 2.3   6   1.6 41 1.0   546 2.9   -6   1.5   4 0.3   539 5.0   #    
Trinidad and Tobago 54 1.3   466 5.0       41 1.2   400 5.4         4 0.4   426 9.7      
Morocco 53 2.0   351 5.8       45 1.9   298 9.3         2 0.3        
Slovenia 52 1.1   542 2.0   -7   1.8 40 0.9   501 2.7   5 ! 1.6   8 0.5   493 4.4      
Chinese Taipei 52 1.1   553 2.1       44 1.0   518 2.5         4 0.4   520 6.0      
                                                               
Belgium (French) 52 1.0   521 2.9       42 0.9   479 2.9         6 0.4   475 5.1      
Russian Federation 50 1.1   581 3.6       45 1.0   550 3.7         5 0.4   540 5.0      
Georgia 50 1.9   493 3.4       47 1.8   456 4.1         3 0.4   445 9.6      
Austria 50 1.2   557 2.7       40 1.0   524 2.7         10 0.7   510 3.8      
Hungary 50 1.3   571 2.9   #     39 1.2   532 4.3         11 0.7   531 3.1      
                                                               
Canada, British Columbia 49 1.0   583 2.5       42 0.9   540 2.9         9 0.6   524 4.3      
Indonesia 49 1.2   432 3.8       50 1.2   383 4.6         1 0.1        
New Zealand 48 1.0   563 2.3       44 0.9   507 2.6   4 ! 1.6   7 0.4   493 4.7      
Canada, Alberta 48 1.1   584 2.4       41 0.9   542 2.7         11 0.6   531 3.6      
Lithuania 47 1.1   551 2.1       46 1.0   525 2.0         7 0.4   520 4.2   #    
                                                               
Norway 47 1.3   519 2.4       45 1.2   487 2.9         8 0.8   469 5.8      
Singapore 47 1.0   582 3.1   -7   1.6 45 0.8   541 3.1         8 0.4   527 4.0   4   0.5
Canada, Ontario 46 1.4   577 2.8   -6 ! 1.9 42 1.0   538 3.4         12 0.9   529 5.2   3 ! 1.0
Canada, Nova Scotia 46 1.0   569 2.7       41 0.9   526 2.5         13 0.7   513 3.9      
Slovak Republic 46 1.3   553 2.7       46 1.2   514 3.5   -4 ! 1.7   9 0.6   511 5.6   2 ! 0.8
                                                               
Sweden 45 1.2   571 2.9   -9   1.6 44 1.0   535 2.3   5   1.4   10 0.6   519 3.5   3   0.8
Poland 45 1.3   544 2.7       45 1.1   503 2.7         10 0.7   494 4.1      
Iceland 44 0.8   533 1.6   -4 ! 1.3 49 0.8   496 2.0   3 ! 1.3   7 0.4   484 4.4      
Israel 42 1.2   547 3.7       49 1.0   495 3.9         9 0.7   519 5.5      
Scotland 42 1.4   558 3.5   -5 ! 1.9 44 1.1   511 3.1         14 1.0   491 4.8   3 ! 1.4  
                                                               
Kuwait1 41 1.5   386 4.9       55 1.4   313 5.4         4 0.4   277 11.3      
England 40 1.4   576 3.4       45 1.1   520 2.7         15 0.8   509 3.7      
United States 40 1.3   566 3.4       46 1.1   526 3.7         14 0.7   522 3.4      
Luxembourg 40 0.6   581 1.8       45 0.6   545 1.5         15 0.5   533 2.5      
Denmark 39 1.3   568 2.7       49 1.1   535 2.7         12 0.7   525 4.7      
                                                               
Netherlands 39 1.1   567 2.2   -5 ! 1.7 45 0.9   539 1.4   3 ! 1.4   16 0.7   524 2.7      
Qatar 38 0.6   399 1.9       57 0.6   330 1.5         5 0.3   352 7.0      
Belgium (Flemish) 38 1.2   567 2.2       46 1.0   540 2.2         16 0.8   521 2.5      
South Africa 35 0.9   356 7.6       60 0.9   277 4.7         4 0.3   324 13.0      
Latvia 33 1.3   564 3.0   -9   2.1 52 1.1   532 2.9         14 0.9   524 3.8   6   1.1
— Not available.
† Not applicable.
# Rounds to zero.
! Interpret data with caution, estimates are unstable. The coefficient of variation is greater than or equal to .3 but less than .5.
‡ Reporting standards not met. Either data are insufficient to report achievement or the coefficient of variation is greater than or equal to .5.
∆ Percent in 2006 significantly higher at the p<0.05 level.
▼ Percent in 2006 significantly lower at the p<0.05 level.
1 Indicates data are available for at least 70 percent but less than 85 percent of the students.
NOTE: Index of students' attitudes towards reading (SATR) based on students' agreement with the following: I read only if I have to, I like talking about books with other people, I would be happy if someone gave me a book as a present, I think reading is boring, and I enjoy reading. Average is computed on a 4-point scale: Disagree a lot = 1, Disagree a little = 2, Agree a little = 3, and Agree a lot = 4. Responses for negative statements were reverse-coded. High level indicates an average of greater than 3 through 4. Medium level indicates an average of 2 through 3. Low level indicates an average of 1 to less than 2. The international average does not include the Canadian provinces. The primary education systems of the Russian Federation and Slovenia underwent structural changes. (In 2001, the Russian Federation sample contained both third- and fourth-grade students; in 2006, however, all students were in fourth grade. Slovenia is in transition towards having all children begin school at an earlier age so that instead of having three years of primary schooling, as was the case in 2001, they all will have four years. This transition was not complete in 2006, however.) Data for Canada, Ontario include only public schools. Standard error is noted by s.e. Detail may not sum to total due to rounding.
SOURCE: Data from the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA), Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS), 2006. Mullis, I.V.S., Martin, M.O., Kennedy, A.M., and Foy, P. (2007). PIRLS 2006 International Report, exhibit 4.1. Chestnut Hill, MA: Boston College.
Would you like to help us improve our products and website by taking a short survey?

YES, I would like to take the survey

or

No Thanks

The survey consists of a few short questions and takes less than one minute to complete.
National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education