Skip Navigation
small NCES header image

Table C.4.18. OECD: Expenditure on educational institutions by service category as a percentage of gross domestic product (GDP), by level of education, service category, and country: 2008

Country Primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education   Tertiary education
Expenditure on educational institutions Private payments on instructional services/goods outside educational institutions   Expenditure on educational institutions Private payments on instructional services/goods outside educational institutions
Core educational services Ancillary services (transport, meals, housing provided by institutions) Total     Core educational services   Ancillary services (transport, meals, housing provided by institutions) Research & development at tertiary institutions Total  
OECD average $3.39 $0.25 $3.76   $0.21   $1.07   $0.06 $0.39 $1.49   $0.10
OECD countries                          
Australia 3.49 0.08 3.57   0.07   0.95   0.06 0.48 1.49   0.09
Austria 3.42 0.17 3.59   -   0.91   0.01 0.40 1.32   -
Belgium 4.31 0.13 4.43   0.11   0.83   0.05 0.48 1.37   0.17
Canada1,2 3.30 0.19 3.49   -   1.75   0.14 0.66 2.55   0.10
Chile3 3.86 0.31 4.17   -   2.06 4 - 0.11 2.17   #
Czech Republic 2.53 0.22 2.75   0.04   0.98   0.01 0.20 1.19   0.03
Denmark - - 4.28 5 0.48   -   - - 1.68 6 0.62
Estonia - - 3.89 5 -   -   - # 1.31 7 -
Finland 3.37 0.41 3.78   -   1.06   0.64 1.70   -
France 3.41 0.48 3.89   0.16   0.92   0.08 0.42 1.42   0.07
Germany 2.91 0.08 2.99   0.15   0.67   0.05 0.45 1.17   0.08
Greece - - -   -   -   - - -   -
Hungary2 2.64 0.33 2.97   -   0.59   0.06 0.22 0.87   -
Iceland - - 5.07 5 -   -   - - 1.25 8 -
Ireland2 4.13 - 4.13   0.04   1.03   - 0.40 1.43   -
Israel 3.97 0.23 4.20   0.26   1.42   0.21 - 1.63   #
Italy2 3.21 0.12 3.33   0.37   0.57   0.03 0.36 0.97   0.13
Japan - - 2.78 5 0.75   -   - - 1.45 8 0.04
Korea 3.59 0.56 4.15   -   2.20   0.03 0.33 2.56   -
Luxembourg 2.77 0.14 2.90   0.05   -   - - -   -
Mexico 3.70 - 3.70   0.18   1.03   - 0.20 1.23   0.04
Netherlands 3.70 # 3.70   0.18   0.97   # 0.54 1.51   0.06
New Zealand - - 4.49 5 #   1.33   - 0.26 1.59 9 #
Norway - - 4.95 5 -   1.02   # 0.65 1.67   -
Poland2 3.60 0.01 3.61   0.26   1.27   # 0.20 1.48   0.05
Portugal2 3.33 0.07 3.40   0.07   0.83   - 0.52 1.34 9 -
Slovak Republic 2.23 0.37 2.60   0.31   0.65   0.11 0.12 0.89   0.21
Slovenia 3.50 0.18 3.68   -   0.91   # 0.22 1.13   -
Spain 2.92 0.15 3.07   -   0.84   0.02 0.36 1.22   -
Sweden 3.63 0.42 4.04   -   0.80   # 0.79 1.59   -
Switzerland2 - - 4.28 5 -   0.54   - 0.64 1.18 9 -
Turkey - - -   -   -   - - -   -
United Kingdom 3.45 0.79 4.24   -   0.55   0.11 0.54 1.19   0.09
United States 3.83 0.32 4.15   -   2.09   0.31 0.28 2.69  
Non-OECD member countries                          
Argentina - - 4.31 5 -   -   - - 1.17 8 -
Brazil2 - - 4.10 5 -   0.70 4 - 0.08 0.79   -
China - - -   -   -   - - -   -
India - - -   -   -   - - -   -
Indonesia - - -   -   -   - - -   -
Russian Federation2 - - 2.05 5 -   -   - - 1.46 8 -
Saudi Arabia - - -   -   -   - - -   -
South Africa - - -   -   -   - - -   -
— Not available.
† Not applicable.
# Rounds to zero.
1Year of reference 2007 instead of 2008.
2Public institutions only (for Canada, in tertiary education only; for Italy, except in tertiary education).
3Year of reference 2009 instead of 2008.
4"Tertiary education-Core educational services" includes data for "Ancillary services".
5"Primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education-Total" includes data for "Core educational services" and "Ancillary services".
6"Tertiary education-Total" includes data for "Core educational services" and "Research & development at tertiary institutions".
7"Tertiary education-Total" includes data for "Core educational services" and "Ancillary services".
8"Tertiary education-Total" includes data for "Core educational services," "Ancillary services," and "Research & development at tertiary institutions".
9"Tertiary education-Total" includes data for "Ancillary services".
NOTE: Educational institutions are defined as entities that provide instructional services to individuals or education-related services to individuals and other educational institutions. Core services include expenditures for instructional activities. Ancillary services include expenditures for food services, residence halls, and student transportation. Post-secondary non-tertiary typically refers to any programs that serve to broaden the knowledge of participants who have already completed high school but not entered vocational or higher education (typically lasting between six months and two years). Tertiary education typically refers to vocational training (type B) or higher education (type A), as well as advanced research programs. Apparent differences may not be statistically significant.
SOURCE: Data from Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). (2011). Education at a Glance: OECD Indicators 2011, table B6.1. Paris: Author.
Would you like to help us improve our products and website by taking a short survey?

YES, I would like to take the survey

or

No Thanks

The survey consists of a few short questions and takes less than one minute to complete.
National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education