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Table C.4.14. OECD: Public and private expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of gross domestic product (GDP), by level of education, source of fund, and country: 2008

Country Pre-primary education   Primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education   Tertiary education   Total all levels of education
Public1 Private2 Total   Public1   Private2   Total   Public1 Private2   Total   Public1 Private2 Total
OECD average 0.44 0.07 0.51   3.49   0.28   3.74   1.04 0.49   1.52   4.99 0.90 5.90
OECD countries                                    
Australia 0.04 0.04 0.08   2.99   0.58   3.57   0.67 0.82   1.49   3.74 1.44 5.18
Austria 0.45 0.06 0.51   3.49   0.09   3.59   1.23 0.09   1.32   5.17 0.25 5.42
Belgium 0.59 0.02 0.61   4.28   0.16   4.43   1.28 0.09   1.37   6.31 0.26 6.57
Canada3 - - -   3.09 4 0.40 5 3.49 6 1.50 1.05   2.55   4.59 1.45 6.04
Chile7 0.59 0.15 0.74   3.27   0.90   4.17   - -   2.17 8 4.32 2.75 7.07
Czech Republic 0.42 0.04 0.46   2.49   0.26   2.75   0.94 0.24   1.19   3.94 0.57 4.51
Denmark 0.60 0.14 0.74   4.18   0.10   4.28   1.61 0.07   1.68   6.54 0.55 7.09
Estonia 0.53 0.01 0.54   3.85   #   3.89   1.14 0.17   1.31   5.55 0.22 5.76
Finland 0.36 0.04 0.40   3.75   #   3.78   1.62 0.07   1.70   5.73 0.14 5.87
France 0.63 0.04 0.67   3.66   0.23   3.89   1.20 0.22   1.42   5.49 0.49 5.98
Germany 0.40 0.14 0.54   2.60   0.39   2.99   1.00 0.17   1.17   4.10 0.70 4.80
Greece - - -   -   -   -   - -   -   - - -
Hungary 0.69 - -   2.97   -   -   0.87 -   -   4.78 - -
Iceland 0.75 0.23 0.98   4.89   0.18   5.07   1.16 0.10   1.25   7.17 0.71 7.89
Ireland # # #   4.03   0.10   4.13   1.20 0.23   1.43   5.23 0.32 5.56
Israel 0.66 0.19 0.84   3.96   0.22   4.20   0.94 0.69   1.63   5.90 1.44 7.33
Italy 0.48 0.03 0.52   3.24   0.10   3.33   0.75 0.21   0.97   4.47 0.35 4.82
Japan 0.09 0.12 0.21   2.50   0.28   2.78   0.48 0.97   1.45   3.27 1.66 4.93
Korea 0.09 0.10 0.18   3.36   0.80   4.15   0.63 1.93   2.56   4.75 2.81 7.55
Luxembourg 0.45 0.01 0.46   2.83   0.07   2.90   - -   -   - - -
Mexico 0.59 0.11 0.70   3.11   0.58   3.70   0.88 0.35   1.23   4.66 1.11 5.77
Netherlands 0.38 # 0.39   3.30   0.40   3.70   1.11 0.40   1.51   4.79 0.81 5.60
New Zealand 0.45 0.04 0.49   3.85   0.64   4.49   1.12 0.47   1.59   5.41 1.15 6.57
Norway 0.42 0.08 0.50   4.95   -   -   1.62 0.05   1.67   7.29 - -
Poland 0.57 0.10 0.67   3.42   0.19   3.61   1.03 0.45   1.48   5.01 0.74 5.75
Portugal 0.37 # 0.37   3.40   #   3.40   0.85 0.49   1.34   4.73 0.49 5.22
Slovak Republic 0.37 0.08 0.44   2.21   0.39   2.60   0.68 0.21   0.89   3.46 0.59 4.05
Slovenia 0.49 0.14 0.63   3.37   0.31   3.68   0.95 0.18   1.13   4.81 0.63 5.44
Spain 0.63 0.19 0.82   2.86   0.21   3.07   0.98 0.24   1.22   4.47 0.64 5.11
Sweden 0.67 # 0.67   4.04   #   4.04   1.42 0.17   1.59   6.13 0.17 6.30
Switzerland 0.19 - -   3.77   0.50   4.28   1.26 -   -   5.32 - -
Turkey - - -   -   -   -   - -   -   - - -
United Kingdom 0.28 # 0.28   4.20   #   4.24   0.63 0.56   1.19   5.12 0.59 5.71
United States 0.33 0.08 0.41   3.81   0.33   4.15   1.00 1.68   2.69   5.14 2.10 7.24
Non-OECD member countries                                    
Argentina 0.43 0.13 0.57   3.97   0.35   4.31   0.95 0.22   1.17   5.35 0.70 6.05
Brazil 0.41 - -   4.10   -   -   0.79 -   -   5.29 - -
China - - -   -   -   -   - -   -   3.33 - -
India - - -   -   -   -   - -   -   - - -
Indonesia3 0.02 - -   2.93   -   -   0.30 -   -   3.25 - -
Russian Federation 0.61 0.09 0.70   1.99   0.07   2.05   0.94 0.52   1.46   4.07 0.67 4.74
Saudi Arabia - - -   -   -   -   - -   -   - - -
South Africa - - -   -   -   -   - -   -   - - -
— Not available.
# Rounds to zero.
1Including public subsidies to households attributable for educational institutions, and direct expenditure on educational institutions from international sources.
2Net of public subsidies attributable for educational institutions.
3Year of reference 2007 instead of 2008.
4Public Primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education includes data for Public Pre-primary education.
5Private Primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education includes data for Private Pre-primary education.
6Total Primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education includes data for Total Pre-primary education.
7Year of reference 2009 instead of 2008.
8Total Tertiary education includes data for Public and Private Tertiary education.
NOTE: Educational institutions are defined as entities that provide instructional services to individuals or education-related services to individuals and other educational institutions. Post-secondary non-tertiary typically refers to any programs that serve to broaden the knowledge of participants who have already completed high school but not entered vocational or higher education (typically lasting between six months and two years). Tertiary education typically refers to vocational training (type B) or higher education (type A), as well as advanced research programs. Apparent differences may not be statistically significant.
SOURCE: Data from Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). (2011). Education at a Glance: OECD Indicators 2011, table B2.3. Paris: Author.
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education