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Table C.4.13. OECD: Public and private expenditure on educational institutions as a percentage of gross domestic product (GDP), by level of education and country: 2008

Country Pre-primary education (for children aged 3 and older) Primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education   Tertiary education All levels of education combined (including undistributed programs)
All primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education   Primary and lower secondary education   Upper secondary education   Post-secondary non-tertiary education   All tertiary education   Tertiary-type B education   Tertiary-type A education and advanced research programs
OECD average 0.5 3.8   2.5   1.2   #   1.5   0.2   1.3 5.9
OECD countries                              
Australia 0.1 3.6   2.7   0.7   0.1   1.5   0.1   1.3 5.2
Austria 0.5 3.6   2.3   1.3   #   1.3   0.0   1.3 5.4
Belgium 0.6 4.4   1.6 1 2.9 2 -   1.4 3 -   - 6.6
Canada4 - 3.5   2.1 5 1.4   -   2.5   1.0 6 1.6 6.0
Chile7 0.7 4.2   2.8   1.4     2.2   0.5   1.6 7.1
Czech Republic 0.5 2.8   1.6   1.1   #   1.2   #   1.1 4.5
Denmark 0.7 4.3   3.0   1.3 2 -   1.7 8 -   - 7.1
Estonia 0.5 3.9   2.5   1.2   0.2   1.3   0.4   0.9 5.8
Finland 0.4 3.8   2.3   1.4 2 -   1.7   #   1.7 5.9
France 0.7 3.9   2.5   1.4   #   1.4   0.3   1.1 6.0
Germany 0.5 3.0   1.9   1.0   0.1   1.2   0.1   1.1 4.8
Greece - -   -   -   -   -   -   - -
Hungary4 0.7 3.0   1.8   1.0   0.1   0.9   #   0.8 4.8
Iceland 1.0 5.1   3.7   1.4 2 -   1.3 3 -   - 7.9
Ireland # 4.1   3.0   0.9   0.2   1.4 3 -   - 5.6
Israel 0.8 4.2   2.3   1.9   #   1.6   0.3   1.3 7.3
Italy 0.5 3.3   2.0   1.3   #   1.0   #   1.0 4.8
Japan 0.2 2.8   2.0   0.8 2 -   1.5 9 0.2   1.2 4.9
Korea 0.2 4.2   2.7   1.5     2.6   0.4   2.2 7.6
Luxembourg 0.5 2.9   2.0   0.9   -   -   -   - -
Mexico 0.7 3.7   2.9   0.8     1.2 3 -   - 5.8
Netherlands 0.4 3.7   2.5   1.2   #   1.5   #   1.5 5.6
New Zealand 0.5 4.5   2.8   1.5   0.2   1.6   0.3   1.3 6.6
Norway10 0.5 5.0   3.4   1.6 2 -   1.7 3 -   - 7.4
Poland 0.7 3.6   2.5   1.1   #   1.5   #   1.5 5.7
Portugal 0.4 3.4   2.4   1.0   -   1.3 3 -   - 5.2
Slovak Republic 0.4 2.6   1.6   1.0 11 -   0.9   -   0.9 4.0
Slovenia 0.6 3.7   2.6   1.1 2 -   1.1 3 -   - 5.4
Spain 0.8 3.1   2.4   0.7     1.2   0.2   1.0 5.1
Sweden 0.7 4.0   2.7   1.3   #   1.6 3 -   - 6.3
Switzerland10 0.2 4.3   2.7   1.6 2 -   1.2   #   1.2 5.7
Turkey - -   -   -     -   -   - -
United Kingdom 0.3 4.2   2.8   1.4   #   1.2 3 -   - 5.7
United States 0.4 4.1   3.0   1.1   -   2.7 3 -   - 7.2
Non-OECD member countries                              
Argentina 0.6 4.3   3.4   0.9     1.2   0.3   0.8 6.1
Brazil10 0.4 4.1   3.4   0.7     0.8 3 -   - 5.3
China10 - -   -   -   -   -   -   - 3.3
India - -   -   -   -   -   -   - -
Indonesia4,10 # 2.9   2.5   0.4     0.3   #   0.3 3.3
Russian Federation10 0.7 2.1 12 -   -   -   1.5   0.2   1.3 4.7
Saudi Arabia - -   -   -   -   -   -   - -
South Africa - -   -   -   -   -   -   - -
— Not available.
† Not applicable.
# Rounds to zero.
1Refers only to primary education.
2Includes data for all Secondary and Post-secondary non-tertiary education.
3All tertiary education includes data for Tertiary-type B education and Tertiary-type A education & advanced research programs.
4Year of reference 2007 instead of 2008.
5Primary and lower secondary education includes data for Pre-primary education.
6Tertiary-type B education includes data for Post-secondary non-tertiary education.
7Year of reference 2009 instead of 2008.
8All tertiary education includes data for Post-secondary non-tertiary education, Tertiary-type B education, and Tertiary-type A education & advanced research programs.
9All tertiary education includes data for Post-secondary non-tertiary education.
10Public expenditure only (for Switzerland, in tertiary education only; for Norway, in primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education only).
11Upper secondary education includes data for Post-secondary non-tertiary education and Tertiary-type B education.
12All primary, secondary, and post-secondary non-tertiary education includes data for Primary and lower secondary education, Upper secondary education and Post-secondary non-tertiary education.
NOTE: Educational institutions are defined as entities that provide instructional services to individuals or education-related services to individuals and other educational institutions. Lower secondary typically refers to middle school, grades 6-8/9. Upper secondary typically refers to high school, grades 9/10-12. Post-secondary non-tertiary typically refers to any programs that serve to broaden the knowledge of participants who have already completed high school but not entered vocational or higher education (typically lasting between six months and two years). Tertiary education typically refers to vocational training (type B) or higher education (type A), as well as advanced research programs. Apparent differences may not be statistically significant.
SOURCE: Data from Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). (2011). Education at a Glance: OECD Indicators 2011, table B2.2. Paris: Author.
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education