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Table C.4.09. OECD: Annual expenditure per student relative to gross domestic product (GDP) per capita, by level of education and country: 2008

Country Pre-primary education (for children 3 years and older) Primary education Secondary education   Post-secondary non-tertiary education Tertiary education (including research & development activities)   All tertiary education excluding research and development activities Primary to tertiary education
Lower secondary education   Upper secondary education   All secondary education   Tertiary-type B education Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs All tertiary education  
OECD average $19 $21 $24   $27   $26   $15 $23 $42 $41   $29 $27
OECD countries                              
Australia 16 17 23   22   23   17 21 41 38   25 23
Austria 19 24 29   30   29   18 31 38 38   26 30
Belgium 16 23 -   -   29 1 - - - 41 2 26 29
Canada3,4 - - 20 5 25   22   - 40 63 54   39 29
Chile6 27 19 18   17   18   24 64 47   44 24
Czech Republic 16 15 25   23   24   6 13 34 32   27 23
Denmark 16 26 26   28 7 27   - - - 45 8 - 30
Estonia 15 26 29   30   29   29 24 28 -   27 27
Finland 14 19 29   20   23 9 - # 41 41   25 25
France 17 18 26   35   30   - 33 44 41   29 28
Germany 19 16 20   29   23   23 21 46 41   26 25
Greece - - -   -   -   - - - -   - -
Hungary4 23 22 23   22   23   25 24 36 35   28 25
Iceland 26 27 26   21   23 9 - - - 27 2 - 25
Ireland4 - 18 25   26   25   18 - - 38 2 27 24
Israel 14 19 -   -   23 10 20 35 48 45   - 25
Italy4 25 26 29   27   28   - 27 29 29   18 27
Japan 14 22 25   28 7 27   - 28 49 44 11 - 29
Korea 16 20 23   36   30   21 38 34   29 28
Luxembourg 15 15 22   22   22   - - - -   - -
Mexico 16 15 12   22   15   - - 49 2 41 18
Netherlands 16 17 25   26   26   27 # 40 40   26 25
New Zealand 25 19 21   27   24   30 29 38 36   30 25
Norway 15 25 27   32   30 9 - - - 43 2 27 30
Poland4 32 27 24   26   25   34 28 39 39   33 28
Portugal4 21 21 28   32   29   - - - 42 2 24 28
Slovak Republic 17 18 16   18 12 17   - - 28 28   24 19
Slovenia 27 - 32 13 25 7 29   - - - 32 2 26 30
Spain 20 22 27   34   30   32 42 40   28 29
Sweden 17 23 25   26   25   16 20 53 51   25 28
Switzerland4 11 20 37   41 7 39   - 11 51 48   22 33
Turkey - -   -   -   - - -   - -
United Kingdom 19 24 26   25 7 26   - - - 42 2 23 27
United States 21 21 25   27   26   - - - 64 2 57 32
Non-OECD member countries                              
Argentina4 15 17 24   26   24   20 36 31   - 22
Brazil4 16 20 21   15   19   - - 106 2 100 22
China4 - - -   -   -   - - - 76 2 - 27
India - - -   -   -   - - - -   - -
Indonesia3 2 14 13   13   13   - 17 -   - -
Russian Federation4 - - -   -   20 14 - 21 36 33   31 24
Saudi Arabia - - -   -   -   - - - -   - -
South Africa - - -   -   -   - - - -   - -
— Not available.
† Not applicable.
# Rounds to zero.
1All secondary education includes data for Lower secondary education, Upper secondary education, and Post-secondary non-tertiary education.
2All tertiary education includes data for Tertiary-type B education and Tertiary-type A & advanced research programs.
3Year of reference 2007 instead of 2008.
4Public institutions only (for Canada, in tertiary education only. For Italy, except in tertiary education).
5Lower secondary education includes data for Pre-primary education and Primary education.
6Year of reference 2009 instead of 2008.
7Upper secondary education includes data for Post-secondary non-tertiary education.
8All tertiary education includes data for Post-secondary non-tertiary education, Tertiary-type B education, and Tertiary-type A & advanced research programs.
9All secondary education includes data for Post-secondary non-tertiary education.
10All secondary education includes data for Lower secondary education and Upper secondary education.
11All tertiary education includes data for Post-secondary non-tertiary education.
12Upper secondary education includes data for Post-secondary non-tertiary education and Tertiary type-B education.
13Lower secondary education includes data for Primary education.
14All secondary education includes data for Primary education, Lower secondary education, Upper secondary education, and Post-secondary non-tertiary education.
NOTE: Lower secondary typically refers to middle school, grades 6-8/9. Upper secondary typically refers to high school, grades 9/10-12. Post-secondary non-tertiary typically refers to any programs that serve to broaden the knowledge of participants who have already completed high school but not entered vocational or higher education (typically lasting between six months and two years). Tertiary education typically refers to vocational training (type B) or higher education (type A), as well as advanced research programs. Primary to tertiary education includes primary, secondary, post-secondary non-tertiary, and tertiary education.
SOURCE: Data from Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). (2011). Education at a Glance: OECD Indicators 2011, table B1.4. Paris: Author.
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education