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Table C.4.07. OECD: Cumulative expenditure per student over the average duration of tertiary studies, by type of program and country: 2008

Country Method1 Average duration of tertiary studies (in years)   Cumulative expenditure per student over the average duration of tertiary studies (in USD)  
Tertiary-type B education Tertiary-type A
and advanced research programs
All tertiary education   Tertiary-type B education Tertiary-type A
and advanced research programs
All tertiary education  
OECD average 2.23 4.33 3.97   $57,775  
OECD countries                  
Australia CM - 3.48 -   - 56,714 -  
Austria AF 1.89 4.80 4.34   23,129 72,370 65,334  
Belgium CM 2.41 3.67 2.99   - - 44,911 2
Canada - - -   - - -  
Chile - - -   - - -  
Czech Republic3 CM - 3.76 -   - 32,843 -  
Denmark AF 2.51 5.97 5.19   - - 91,448 2
Estonia - - -   - - -  
Finland CM 4.78 4.78   73,621 73,621  
France3 CM 3.00 4.74 4.02   34,382 70,841 56,597  
Germany CM 2.50 5.16 4.48   19,250 88,327 68,913  
Greece - - -   - - -  
Hungary4 AF 1.84 3.74 3.48   9,278 27,877 25,532  
Iceland CM - - 4.49 2 - - 46,828 2
Ireland4 CM 2.21 4.02 3.24   - - 52,760 2
Israel CM - 3.03 -   - 40,140 -  
Italy AF - 4.52 -   - 43,194 -  
Japan CM 2.09 4.57 4.19   19,783 75,554 62,385  
Korea CM 2.07 4.22 3.43   11,887 42,658 31,149  
Luxembourg   - - -   - - -  
Mexico AF 1.72 3.49 3.35   - - 25,138 2
Netherlands CM - 5.02 5.02   - 86,568 86,568  
New Zealand CM 2.22 3.90 3.32   19,113 43,413 34,978  
Norway - - -   - - -  
Poland4 CM - 3.68 -   - 26,089 -  
Portugal - - -   - - -  
Slovak Republic AF 2.47 3.90 3.82   - 25,584 -  
Slovenia AF 2.63 3.64 3.21   - - 29,718 2
Spain CM 2.15 5.54 4.66   23,058 77,159 62,287  
Sweden CM 2.20 4.89 4.73   17,302 101,970 94,625  
Switzerland4 CM 2.19 5.45 3.62   11,237 126,964 78,458  
Turkey CM 2.73 2.37 2.65   - - -  
United Kingdom3 CM 3.52 5.86 4.34   - - 66,485 2
United States - - -   - - -  
Non-OECD member countries                  
Argentina - - -   - - -  
Brazil - - -   - - -  
China - - -   - - -  
India - - -   - - -  
Indonesia - - -   - - -  
Russian Federation - - -   - - -  
Saudi Arabia - - -   - - -  
South Africa - - -   - - -  
— Not available.
† Not applicable.
‡ Reporting standards not met. Data are insufficient to report achievement.
1Either the Chain Method (CM) or an Approximation Formula (AF) was used to estimate the duration of tertiary studies.
2All tertiary education includes data for Tertiary-type B education and Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs.
3Average duration of tertiary studies is estimated based on national data.
4Public institutions only.
NOTE: The Chain Method (CM) and an Approximation Formula (AF) both are used to calculate the average duration of tertiary studies. The CM defines the duration of study as the sum of the probabilities, for each year of study, that a student who has entered tertiary education will still be enrolled in that year of study. The AF uses the ratio of flow data (entrants and leavers) to the corresponding numbers of students enrolled. Tertiary education typically refers to vocational training (type B) or higher education (type A), as well as advanced research programs. Apparent differences may not be statistically significant.
SOURCE: Data from Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). (2011). Education at a Glance: OECD Indicators 2011, table B1.3a. Paris: Author.
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education