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Table C.3.09b. Percentage of eighth-grade students using the computer in mathematics class as reported in TIMSS, by lesson and country: 2007
    Trends in percentage of students whose teachers reported that computers are available   Percentage of students whose teachers reported on computer use about half of the lessons or more
  National curriculum contains policies / statements about the use of computers 2007 percent of students   Difference in percent from 2003   Discovering
principles and
concepts
  Practicing skills
and procedures
  Looking up
ideas and
information
  Processing and
analyzing data
Country   Percent   s.e   Percent   s.e       Percent   s.e     Percent   s.e     Percent   s.e     Percent   s.e
International average     34   0.5           2   0.2     3   0.2     3   0.2     3   0.2
                                                             
Algeria1 yes   29   4.2                 5 ! 2.1     4 ! 1.8     6 ! 2.1
Armenia yes   17 1  3.2           4   1.0     4   1.1     5   1.2     5   1.1
Australia yes   51   4.3           #       2 ! 0.9     1   #     #  
Bahrain no   24   2.8   -10 ! 4.5                 4   0.6     1 ! 0.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina no   19   3.1           2 ! 0.9     2 ! 0.9            
                                                             
Botswana yes   13 1  3.2           1   #     1   #     1   #     1   #
Bulgaria no   46   3.5   38   4.2                 6 ! 2.2      
Chinese Taipei yes   27   3.4           3 ! 1.2                  
Colombia no   16   3.1           2 ! 0.7                 2 ! 0.9
Cyprus no   10   1.9           #       1 ! 0.3     1   #     #  
                                                             
Czech Republic1 no   59   4.5                 4 ! 1.7            
Egypt no                                  
El Salvador no   25   3.8           #             3 ! 1.3     1   #
England yes   58 1  4.0           3 ! 1.4     4 ! 1.7            
Georgia no   30   4.2                 2 ! 0.9           3 ! 1.4
                                                             
Ghana no   7 ! 2.1           1   #                  
Hong Kong SAR2 yes   42   4.9           7 ! 2.5     8 ! 2.7     6 ! 2.4     5 ! 1.9
Hungary yes   39   3.9   12 ! 5.2     #             1   0.8     2   1.2
Indonesia no   16   3.4           #             3   1.7     2   1.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. of no   5 ! 1.6           #             1   0.7     #  
                                                             
Israel1 yes   41   3.6           7   1.8     8   1.9     4 ! 1.5     7   1.8
Italy yes   30   3.2                              
Japan yes   69   3.9   -17   5.0                 #       #  
Jordan yes   24   3.5   14 ! 4.5     2 ! 0.9     4 ! 1.3     5 ! 1.8     4 ! 1.5
Korea, Rep. of yes   56 2  3.5   -17   4.9     7   2.0     4 ! 1.5     3 ! 1.1     5 ! 1.5
                                                             
Kuwait1 no   17   3.6                 5 ! 2.0     5 ! 2.0     4 ! 1.9
Lebanon no   28   3.6           8   2.1     5 ! 2.1     7 ! 2.4     6 ! 1.9
Lithuania yes   73   3.2           2 ! 0.9     3 ! 1.3     4 ! 1.5     5 ! 1.8
Malaysia yes   44   4.4   39   4.7     5 ! 1.7     6 ! 1.8     6 ! 1.9     4 ! 1.6
Malta yes   81   0.2           7   0.1     8   0.1     3   0.1     1   #
                                                             
Norway yes   71   3.3   15 ! 5.3     2 ! 0.7     4 ! 1.5           4 ! 1.2
Oman yes   34   4.0           1   0.1           6 ! 2.2     6 ! 2.1
Palestinian Nat'l Auth. yes   31   4.1                       4 ! 1.8      
Qatar1 yes   22   0.1           8   0.1     8   0.1     7   0.1     6   0.1
Romania no   50   3.9   37   4.7     2 ! 0.9     4 ! 1.5     3 ! 0.9     3 ! 0.9
                                                             
Russian Federation yes   40   4.0   28   4.8     2 ! 0.9           3 ! 1.3      
Saudi Arabia no   24   3.7                 6 ! 2.7     7 ! 2.7      
Scotland yes   37   3.6                 3 ! 1.1     1 ! 0.4     #  
Serbia no   17   3.6   9 ! 4.4     #       #       #       #  
Singapore yes   54   2.5   -12 ! 3.7     3   0.8     7   1.4     4   1.0     4   0.9
                                                             
Slovenia yes   52   2.6   15 ! 4.9                 #       3 ! 1.1
Sweden yes   40   3.2           1 ! 0.3     1 ! 0.3     1 ! 0.4     1 ! 0.4
Syrian Arab Republic no   18   3.4           4 ! 1.8           5 ! 1.9      
Thailand no   20   3.5           3 ! 1.3     3 ! 1.3     3 ! 1.4      
Tunisia no   11   2.1   -12 ! 4.0     #       #       #        
                                                             
Turkey yes   30   4.1           4 ! 1.5     7 ! 2.3     6 ! 2.0     5 ! 1.6
Ukraine no   14   3.0                              
United States no   42   2.6           2 ! 0.8     6   1.1           2 ! 0.7
Morocco1,3 no   33   8.8                             1   #
                                                             
Benchmarking Participants                                                            
Basque Country, Spain no   40   5.3                 #       #       #  
British Columbia, Canada yes   38   4.5                             1   #
Dubai, UAE4 no   50   6.2                 11 ! 5.4     12 ! 5.6      
Massachusetts, US yes   57   7.8           1   #                 1   #
Minnesota, US   28   7.9                              
                                                             
Ontario, Canada yes   60   4.9                 #              
Quebec, Canada no   27   4.2   16 ! 5.0     #       1   #     #       #  
— Not available.
† Not applicable.
# Rounds to zero.
! Interpret data with caution, estimates are unstable. The coefficient of variation is greater than or equal to .3 but less than .5.
‡ Reporting standards not met. Either data are insufficient to report achievement or the coefficient of variation is greater than or equal to .5.
∆ 2007 significantly higher.
▼2007 significantly lower.
1 Data are available for at least 70 but less than 85 percent of the students.
2 Hong Kong is a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the People's Republic of China.
3 Did not satisfy sample guidelines for participation.
4 Data are available for at least 50 but less than 70 percent of the students.
NOTE: Differences are significant at the p<0.05 level. Standard error is noted by s.e.
SOURCE: Data from the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA), Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), 2007. Mullis, I.V.S., Martin, M.O., and Foy, P. (2008). TIMSS 2007 International Mathematics Report: Findings from IEA's Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study at the Fourth and Eighth Grades, exhibit 7.11. Chestnut Hill, MA: Boston College
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