Skip Navigation
small NCES header image

Table C.3.09a. IEA: Percentage of fourth-grade students using the computer in mathematics class as reported in TIMSS, by lesson and country: 2007
      Trends in percentage of students whose teachers reported that computers are available   Percentage of students whose teachers reported on computer use about half of the lessons or more
  National curriculum contains policies / statements about the use of computers   2007 percent of students   Difference in percent from 2003   Discovering principles and concepts   Practicing skills and procedures   Looking up ideas and information
Country     Percent     s.e.   Percent   s.e.       Percent   s.e.     Percent   s.e.     Percent   s.e.
International average     46     0.5           3   0.2     6   0.3     3   0.2
                                                       
Algeria yes     20     3.6                 4 ! 1.8     4 ! 1.9
Armenia yes     66   1  3.7   53   4.6                  
Australia yes     78     3.2           3 ! 1.4     8   2.3     4 ! 1.7
Austria no     69     2.8           #       3 ! 1.1     2 ! 0.8
Chinese Taipei no     41     4.1   25   5.2     2   0.1            
                                                       
Colombia no     18     3.7                       3 ! 1.4
Czech Republic no     59     3.6                 7 ! 2.5     2 ! 0.9
Denmark yes     95     1.4                 8   2.3      
El Salvador no     16     3.0                 3 ! 1.3      
England yes     76   1  3.4           7   2.0     10   2.4      
                                                       
Georgia no     20     4.0                        
Germany no     54     3.5           #       3 ! 1.0     #  
Hong Kong SAR2 yes     58     3.9           7 ! 2.4           5 ! 1.9
Hungary yes     23     3.5           1 ! 0.4     1 ! 0.4     1 ! 0.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. of no     3 !   1.2                 #       #  
                                                       
Italy yes     31     2.7           #       #       2 ! 0.8
Japan yes     79     3.3           #             #  
Kazakhstan no     34     4.5                 6 ! 2.9     6 ! 2.9
Kuwait1 yes     23     4.1           4 ! 1.9     6 ! 2.3     5 ! 2.0
Latvia no     22     2.8           #       #       #  
                                                       
Lithuania no     39     3.7   26   4.4     #             2 ! 0.7
Morocco no     14     3.1                        
Netherlands no     84     2.9           6 ! 1.9     30   4.1     6 ! 2.2
New Zealand yes     77     2.7           4   1.1     10   1.6     3 ! 0.9
Norway yes     69     3.3                 3 ! 1.3      
                                                       
Qatar no     42     0.2           7   0.1     10   0.1     6   0.1
Russian Federation no     14     2.7   10 ! 3.0     #              
Scotland yes     93   1  2.4   12 ! 4.5     6 ! 1.9     20   3.7     4 ! 1.6
Singapore yes     81     2.4           7   1.3     13   1.8     4   1.1
Slovak Republic no     47     3.9           #       4 ! 1.4     2 ! 0.8
                                                       
Slovenia yes     39     3.1   15 ! 4.8     #       2 ! 0.9     1 ! 0.4
Sweden yes     67     3.4                 4 ! 1.4      
Tunisia no     25   1  3.5   13 ! 4.5     8   2.1     6 ! 1.8     7   1.9
Ukraine no     6 !   2.0           #       #       #  
United States no     65     2.6           4   0.9     11   1.5     4   1.0
                                                       
Yemen no     24     4.2           10 ! 3.2     12   3.5     9 ! 3.2
                                                       
Benchmarking Participants                                                      
Alberta, Canada yes     72     4.1           2 ! 0.9     4 ! 1.3     3 ! 1.4
British Columbia, Canada1 yes     47     4.2           #             #  
Dubai, UAE3 no     49     6.0           6 ! 2.0     12   3.0     17   4.6
Massachusetts, US yes     59     5.7           7 ! 2.8     9 ! 2.7      
Minnesota, US     61     7.0           2   0.1            
                                                       
Ontario, Canada yes     64     3.9           7 ! 3.3           3 ! 1.4
Quebec, Canada no     45     4.2           #              
— Not available.
† Not applicable.
# Rounds to zero.
! Interpret data with caution, estimates are unstable. The coefficient of variation is greater than or equal to .3 but less than .5.
‡ Reporting standards not met. Either data are insufficient to report achievement or the coefficient of variation is greater than or equal to .5.
∆ 2007 significantly higher.
▼2007 significantly lower.
1 Data are available for at least 70 but less than 85 percent of the students.
2 Hong Kong is a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the People's Republic of China.
3 Data are available for at least 50 but less than 70 percent of the students.
NOTE: Differences are significant at the p<0.05 level. Standard error is noted by s.e.
SOURCE: Data from the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA), Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), 2007. Mullis, I.V.S., Martin, M.O., and Foy, P. (2008). TIMSS 2007 International Mathematics Report: Findings from IEA's Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study at the Fourth and Eighth Grades, exhibit 7.11. Chestnut Hill, MA: Boston College
Would you like to help us improve our products and website by taking a short survey?

YES, I would like to take the survey

or

No Thanks

The survey consists of a few short questions and takes less than one minute to complete.
National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education