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Table C.3.08a. IEA: Percentage of fourth-grade students using the computer in science class as reported in TIMSS, by lesson and country: 2007
    Trends in percentage of students whose teachers reported that computers are available   Percentage of students whose teachers reported on computer use about half of the lessons or more  
  National curriculum contains policies / statements about the use of computers 2007 percent of students   Difference in percent from 2003   Doing scientific procedures or experiments Studying natural phenomena through simulations   Practicing skills and procedures   Looking up
ideas and
information
 
Country Percent     s.e.   Percent   s.e.     Percent     s.e. Percent     s.e.   Percent     s.e.   Percent     s.e.  
International average 49     0.6         3     0.2 3     0.2   6     0.3   12     0.4  
                                                             
Algeria yes 5 !   2.1         #     #             4 !   1.8  
Armenia yes 72     3.5                              
Australia yes 78     2.8                   6 !   1.9   29     3.9  
Austria no 74     3.0         #           3 !   0.9   11     1.9  
Chinese Taipei yes 53     4.1   17 ! 5.7   5 !   2.1 5 !   2.1         4 !   1.8  
                                                             
Colombia no 16     3.0                   3 !   1.3   6 !   1.8  
Czech Republic no 54     3.7                         4 !   1.9  
Denmark no 91   1  2.2             3 ! 1  1.1   11 ! 1  3.3   25   1  3.9  
El Salvador no 18     3.5                   4 !   1.6   7 !   2.3  
England yes 77   1  3.7   -11 ! 4.7   7 !   2.5 9     2.5   8 !   2.6   17     3.1  
                                                             
Georgia no 15     3.4         #                 #      
Germany yes 64     3.6         1 !   0.4             13     2.2  
Hong Kong SAR2 yes 71     4.1             7 !   2.4   10     2.9   32     4.3  
Hungary no 24     3.7   #       #     #                  
Iran, Islamic Rep. of no 2 !   0.7         1 !   0.3 #       #       #      
                                                             
Italy yes 25     2.6         3 !   1.2 3 !   1.3   3 !   1.1   6     1.5  
Japan yes 84     2.9         #     8     2.0   #       4 !   1.5  
Kazakhstan no 38     5.0         #           8 !   3.2   9 !   3.1  
Kuwait no 39   1  4.3         12   1  3.2 9 ! 1  2.7   20   1  3.2   20   1  3.6  
Latvia no 37     3.6             1 !   0.4   2 !   0.7   12     2.8  
                                                             
Lithuania yes 37     3.8   29   4.4   #     #             13     2.4  
Morocco no 17     3.3             3 !   1.3         6 !   2.6  
Netherlands no 62     4.7   24   6.8       #       #       13     3.0  
New Zealand no 89   1  1.7         3     0.8 6     1.4   5     1.3   38     2.6  
Norway yes 61     3.8                   1     #   3 !   1.3  
                                                             
Qatar no 51   1  0.2         10   1  0.1 14   1  0.1   24   1  0.2   26   1  0.2  
Russian Federation no 16     2.1   12   2.5       2 !   0.9         4 !   1.2  
Scotland yes 89   3  2.8         4 ! 1  1.5 4 ! 1  1.6   9 ! 1  2.7   34   1  3.7  
Singapore yes 80     2.6         12     2.2 8     1.6   17     2.5   19     2.5  
Slovak Republic no 51     4.0                   6     1.7   14     2.7  
                                                             
Slovenia no 53     3.0   30   4.9             4     1.1   10     2.0  
Sweden no 77     2.6             #             8     1.8  
Tunisia no 31     3.7   16 ! 5.0   10     2.3 9     2.2   11     2.3   11     2.4  
Ukraine no 8     2.3         #     #                  
United States no 77     2.6   9 ! 3.6   5     1.4 4 !   1.2   8     1.4   19     2.2  
                                                             
Yemen no 24     4.5                   9 !   3.4   13     3.8  
                                                             
Benchmarking Participants                                                            
Alberta, Canada yes 78     3.1         6 !   1.9 4 !   1.5   8     1.7   16     2.8  
British Columbia, Canada yes 58   1  4.4           1    1    6 ! 1  2.5   16   1  2.8  
Dubai, UAE no 70   3  2.6         23   3  4.6 20   3  4.7   27   3  4.4   51   3  3.9  
Massachusetts, US no 73     4.5             3     0.2   6 !   2.8   27     4.7  
Minnesota, US no 56     6.7                              
                                                             
Ontario, Canada yes 62     4.2   #       6 !   2.8 8 !   3.8   7 !   2.8   19     4.5  
Quebec, Canada no 72     4.5   18 ! 6.4   4 !   1.6 5 !   1.9   6 !   1.8   30     4.4  
— Not available.
† Not applicable.
# Rounds to zero.
! Interpret data with caution, estimates are unstable. The coefficient of variation is greater than or equal to .3 but less than .5.
‡ Reporting standards not met. Either data are insufficient to report achievement or the coefficient of variation is greater than or equal to .5.
∆ 2007 significantly higher.
▼2007 significantly lower.
1 Data are available for at least 70 but less than 85 percent of the students.
2 Hong Kong is a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the People's Republic of China.
3 Data are available for at least 50 but less than 70 percent of the students.
NOTE: Differences are significant at the p<0.05 level. Standard error is noted by s.e.
SOURCE: Data from the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA), Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), 2007. Mullis, I.V.S., Martin, M.O., and Foy, P. (2008). TIMSS 2007 International Science Report: Findings from IEA's Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study at the Fourth and Eighth Grades, exhibit 7.10. Chestnut Hill, MA: Boston College
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