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Table C.3.07. IEA: Schools' reports of the percentage of available computers for instructional purposes in fourth grade as reported by PIRLS, by number of students per computer and country: 2006

  Percentage of students by number of fourth-grade students per computer
  Fewer than 5
students
  5-10 students   11-20 students   More than
20 students
  Students in schools
without any computers
  2006   Difference
in percent
from 2001
  2006   Difference
in percent
from 2001
  2006   Difference
in percent
from 2001
  2006   Difference
in percent
from 2001
  2006   Difference
in percent
from 2001
Countries Percent   s.e   Percent   s.e   Percent   s.e   Percent   s.e   Percent   s.e   Percent   s.e   Percent   s.e   Percent   s.e   Percent   s.e   Percent   s.e
International average 53   0.6       21   0.5       6   0.3       4   0.3       16   0.4      
                                                                                 
Canada, Alberta1 100   #       #   #       #         #         #        
Denmark1 97   1.5               #         1   #              
Canada, British Columbia1 95   2.0       4 ! 1.7       1   #       #                
Canada, Ontario1 95   2.4   13 ! 5.0         1   0.1       #         #     #    
England1 94   1.8   35   5.0 5 ! 1.6   -19   4.1 2 ! 0.9   -11 ! 3.7 #     -5 ! 2.0 #     #    
                                                                                 
Iceland1 92   0.3   15   0.4 5   0.2   -4   0.3 1   0.2   -3   0.2 2   #   -2   0.1 #     -5   0.2
Scotland2 89   3.6   46   6.2 6 ! 2.7   -12 ! 4.8 5 ! 2.4   -20   5.2 #     -14   3.1 #     #    
United States 84   3.2   20   4.9 11   3.1   -10 ! 4.3 4 ! 1.6   -7 ! 3.0 #         1 ! 0.4   1 ! 0.4  
Hong Kong SAR3 82   3.6   27   5.9 14   3.1   -17   5.0 1   1.0               #     -9   2.6
Singapore 81   #   14 ! 4.6 16   #   -9 ! 4.1 3   #       #         #     #    
                                                                                 
Canada, Quebec1 80   4.5   15 ! 6.4 17   4.2           -10 ! 3.6 1   0.1   #     #        
Norway 79   3.9   21 ! 6.5 17   3.5       #     -14   3.6         1   0.1      
Spain 79   2.9       15   2.7       3 ! 1.4               3 ! 1.3      
New Zealand1 79   2.9   39   5.4 16   2.6   -23   5.1 5   1.4   -15   4.1         #     #    
Slovak Republic1 75   3.6   72   3.8 23   3.6           -10 ! 3.1         #     -66   4.3
                                                                                 
Canada, Nova Scotia 74   3.7       21   3.2       5 ! 2.0       #         #        
Kuwait1 72   4.3       27   4.2       1   #       #         #        
South Africa 72   3.5       18   3.0               #         9   1.7      
Slovenia 72   4.3   29   5.7 14   3.0   -25   5.1 7 ! 2.4       7 ! 2.1           -13   3.0
Israel1 67   4.3       25   3.9                       4 ! 1.9      
                                                                                 
Netherlands1 63   4.5   24   6.7 26   4.5       10 ! 3.1       1   #       1   0.1   1   0.1  
Bulgaria1 61   3.7   56   4.2 29   3.9   18   4.9     -10 ! 3.3 3 ! 1.0   -7 ! 3.0 4 ! 1.6   -58   5.0
Belgium (Flemish) 61   4.8       26   4.4       11   3.0               #        
France 59   5.0   29   6.6 26   4.7       6 ! 2.3       4 ! 1.9   -10 ! 4.1 5 ! 2.1   -10 ! 4.0
Qatar1 57   0.3       30   0.3       3   0.1       1   0.1       9   0.2      
                                                                                 
Hungary 57   4.3   25   5.7 19   3.9       3 ! 1.3       4 ! 1.6       17   3.5   -23   5.3
Belgium (French)1 48   4.6       30   4.1       5 ! 2.1       6 ! 2.2       11   3.0      
Sweden 46   4.9   15 ! 6.5 39   5.1       11   3.0   -18 ! 5.5                
Lithuania1 43   4.3   19 ! 5.9 27   4.0       14   2.9   #     8 ! 2.5       9   2.3   -18   4.9
Italy 42   4.2   28   4.7 44   4.3   13 ! 5.5 9   2.6   -18   4.2 4 ! 1.8   -17   3.3     -7   1.7
                                                                                 
Latvia1 42   3.9   22   4.9 17   3.1               4 ! 1.8       34   4.3   -18 ! 6.0
Romania1 41   4.8   36   5.3 28   3.9   15 ! 5.5 8 ! 3.3           -13   3.8 20   3.3   -30   5.5
Russian Federation 40   3.5   36   4.2 28   2.8   24   3.2 4 ! 1.5               26   3.4   -65   4.3
Germany 39   3.1   26   4.2 40   3.5   17   5.0 14   2.8       8   1.8   -21   3.9 1 ! 0.4   -19   3.3
Chinese Taipei 38   3.2       48   4.0       9   2.1       5 ! 1.9       #        
                                                                                 
Poland 35   4.4       24   3.4       12   2.5       7 ! 2.3       22   4.0      
Austria 30   4.2       33   4.0       23   3.9       14   3.2              
Trinidad and Tobago 23   3.6       38   4.3       15   3.6               19   3.9      
Morocco 11   2.7       20   3.6       14   3.4       28   5.2       27   4.2      
Moldova, Rep. of2 9   2.6       7 ! 2.6       2 ! 0.8       4 ! 1.8       77   3.8      
                                                                                 
Macedonia, Rep. of2 6 ! 2.4   6 ! 2.4 24   4.5   22   4.7 9 ! 3.0   9 ! 3.0 3 ! 1.0       58   5.1   -34   5.8
Indonesia 4 ! 1.6       4 ! 1.3       4 ! 1.8       5 ! 1.8       84   2.8      
Georgia 2 ! 0.9       5 ! 2.0       4 ! 1.7               80   3.2      
Iran, Islamic Rep. of1 1 ! 0.3   1 ! 0.3   4 ! 1.2   4 ! 1.2         12   2.7   10   2.9 81   3.1   -16   3.3
Luxembourg4                                        
— Not available.
† Not applicable.
# Rounds to zero.
! Interpret data with caution, estimates are unstable. The coefficient of variation is greater than or equal to .3 but less than .5.
‡ Reporting standards not met. Either data are insufficient to report achievement or the coefficient of variation is greater than or equal to .5.
∆ 2006 significantly higher.
▼2006 significantly lower.
1 Data are available for at least 70 but less than 85 percent of the students.
2 Data are available for at least 50 but less than 70 percent of the students.
3 Hong Kong is a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the People's Republic of China.
4 Primary schools in Luxembourg do not have principals.
NOTE: The international average does not include the Canadian provinces. The primary education systems of the Russian Federation and Slovenia underwent structural changes. Data for Canada, Ontario include only public schools. Differences are significant at the p<0.05 level. Standard error is noted by s.e.
SOURCE: Data from the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA), Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS), 2006. Mullis, I.V.S., Martin, M.O., Kennedy, A.M., and Foy, P. (2007). PIRLS 2006 International Report, exhibit 7.7. Chestnut Hill, MA: Boston College.
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education