Skip Navigation

Back Arrow Return Download Excel Excel format (558 KB)

Table C.2.17. OECD: Trends in the ratio of salaries to gross domestic product (GDP) per capita by level of education, year, and country: 2000, 2005-2009

Country Primary level   Lower secondary level   Upper secondary level
2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009   2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009   2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
OECD average 1.23 1.21 1.19 1.16 1.15 1.20   1.29 1.24 1.22 1.19 1.18 1.24   1.36 1.33 1.30 1.26 1.25 1.31
OECD countries                                        
Australia 1.42 1.32 1.21 1.19 1.21 1.22   1.42 1.32 1.23 1.20 1.23 1.22   1.42 1.32 1.23 1.20 1.23 1.22
Austria 1.02 1.07 1.05 1.03 1.01 1.04   1.06 1.16 1.13 1.11 1.09 1.13   1.17 1.18 1.16 1.14 1.12 1.16
Belgium (Flemish) 1.23 1.25 1.23 1.21 1.17 1.25   1.30 1.25 1.23 1.21 1.17 1.25   1.66 1.59 1.57 1.54 1.50 1.60
Belgium (French) 1.19 1.18 1.18 1.16 1.13 1.22   1.27 1.20 1.18 1.16 1.13 1.22   1.64 1.54 1.51 1.48 1.44 1.57
Canada - - - - - -   - - - - - -   - - - - - -
Chile - - 1.01 0.94 - 1.54   - - 1.01 0.94 - 1.54   - - 1.05 0.98 - 1.61
Czech Republic 0.60 0.88 0.84 0.92 0.89 0.93   0.60 0.88 0.84 0.92 0.91 0.95   0.74 0.90 0.85 0.99 0.97 0.99
Denmark 1.21 1.19 1.17 1.14 1.15 1.41   1.21 1.19 1.17 1.14 1.15 1.41   1.42 1.45 1.45 1.39 1.39 1.61
England 1.43 1.33 1.31 1.28 1.26 1.31   1.43 1.33 1.31 1.28 1.26 1.31   1.43 1.33 1.31 1.28 1.26 1.31
Estonia 0.73 0.57 0.55 0.55 0.63 0.76   0.73 0.57 0.55 0.55 0.63 0.76   0.73 0.57 0.55 0.55 0.63 0.76
Finland1 1.08 1.07 1.14 1.09 1.07 1.13   1.23 1.25 1.22 1.17 1.15 1.21   1.29 1.43 1.35 1.28 1.26 1.35
France 1.18 1.05 1.03 1.00 0.97 0.98   1.27 1.14 1.11 1.07 1.05 1.06   1.27 1.14 1.12 1.08 1.06 1.06
Germany - - - - - 1.55   - - - - - 1.71   - - - - - 1.87
Greece 1.32 1.20 1.16 1.11 1.11 1.16   1.32 1.20 1.16 1.11 1.11 1.16   1.32 1.20 1.16 1.11 1.11 1.16
Hungary1 0.73 0.92 0.87 0.81 0.79 0.73   0.73 0.92 0.87 0.81 0.79 0.73   0.92 1.15 1.04 1.02 0.95 0.87
Iceland 0.80 0.77 0.78 0.70 0.74 0.85   0.80 0.77 0.78 0.70 0.74 0.85   0.94 0.91 0.94 0.90 0.87 0.86
Ireland1 1.29 1.23 1.23 1.23 1.27 1.47   1.31 1.23 1.23 1.23 1.27 1.47   1.31 1.23 1.23 1.23 1.27 1.47
Israel 0.88 0.86 0.86 0.91 0.97 1.05   0.98 0.96 0.96 0.92 0.98 0.98   0.96 0.94 0.94 0.90 0.96 0.90
Italy 1.02 1.04 1.03 1.01 1.01 1.06   1.12 1.14 1.12 1.10 1.10 1.16   1.16 1.17 1.15 1.13 1.13 1.19
Japan 1.68 1.59 1.58 1.49 1.44 1.49   1.68 1.59 1.58 1.49 1.44 1.49   1.69 1.59 1.58 1.49 1.44 1.49
Korea 2.17 2.26 2.22 2.13 2.04 1.96   2.17 2.25 2.22 2.12 2.03 1.95   2.17 2.25 2.22 2.12 2.03 1.95
Luxembourg - 0.99 0.93 0.87 0.81 0.85   - 1.30 1.22 1.14 1.18 1.28   - 1.30 1.22 1.14 1.18 1.28
Mexico 1.53 1.44 1.39 1.34 1.33 1.39   1.94 1.83 1.77 1.71 1.69 1.76   - - - - - -
Netherlands 1.17 1.21 1.17 1.16 1.14 1.20   1.25 1.33 1.29 1.40 1.37 1.44   1.75 1.78 1.72 1.40 1.37 1.44
New Zealand 1.66 1.44 1.42 1.39 1.40 -   1.66 1.44 1.42 1.39 1.40 -   1.66 1.44 1.42 1.39 1.40 -
Norway1 1.05 1.02 0.95 0.94 0.98 1.00   1.05 1.02 0.95 0.94 0.98 1.00   1.05 1.09 1.02 1.00 1.04 1.06
Poland - 0.76 - - 0.84 0.84   - 0.76 - - 0.96 0.96   - 0.76 - - 1.10 1.10
Portugal 1.43 1.58 1.56 1.52 1.49 1.67   1.43 1.58 1.56 1.52 1.49 1.67   1.43 1.58 1.56 1.52 1.49 1.67
Scotland1 1.40 1.46 1.43 1.39 1.38 1.43   1.40 1.46 1.43 1.39 1.38 1.43   1.40 1.46 1.43 1.39 1.38 1.43
Slovak Republic - - - - - 0.61   - - - - - 0.61   - - - - - 0.61
Slovenia - 1.28 1.28 1.23 1.18 1.25   - 1.28 1.28 1.23 1.18 1.25   - 1.28 1.28 1.23 1.18 1.25
Spain 1.50 1.38 1.36 1.31 1.36 1.44   1.63 1.55 1.52 1.47 1.49 1.61   1.75 1.59 1.56 1.50 1.56 1.64
Sweden1 1.00 0.94 0.90 0.90 0.87 0.93   1.00 0.96 0.92 0.92 0.89 0.96   1.07 1.04 0.99 0.98 0.95 1.01
Switzerland2 1.49 1.48 1.42 1.37 1.33 1.39   1.78 1.68 1.63 1.56 1.52 1.58   2.12 1.97 1.91 1.83 1.80 1.86
Turkey 1.24 1.94 1.73 1.73 1.74 1.88     1.15 1.96 1.77 1.77 1.79 1.92
United States1 - 0.98 0.97 0.96 0.95 0.97   - 0.99 0.98 0.97 0.94 0.96   - 0.99 0.98 0.97 1.01 1.04
Non-OECD member countries                                        
Argentina - - - - - -   - - - - - -   - - - - - -
Brazil - - - - - -   - - - - - -   - - - - - -
China - - - - - -   - - - - - -   - - - - - -
India - - - - - -   - - - - - -   - - - - - -
Indonesia - - - 0.69 0.57 0.48   - - - 0.78 0.65 0.55   - - - 0.87 0.72 0.61
Russian Federation - - - - - -   - - - - - -   - - - - - -
Saudi Arabia - - - - - -   - - - - - -   - - - - - -
South Africa - - - - - -   - - - - - -   - - - - - -
— Not available.
† Not applicable.
1Actual salaries.
2Salaries after 11 years of experience.
NOTE: Lower secondary typically refers to middle school, grades 6-8/9. Upper secondary typically refers to high school, grades 9/10-12. Apparent differences may not be statistically significant.
SOURCE: Data from Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). (2011). Education at a Glance: OECD Indicators 2011, table D3.4. Paris: Author.