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Table C.2.13. IEA: Percentage distribution of fourth-grade students as reported in PIRLS, by teacher reports of specialist availability and country: 2006
Countries Percentage of students in classrooms with
Remedial reading specialist available   Other specialists available   No access to
Always   Sometimes   Never   Always   Sometimes   Never   any specialist
Percent     s.e.   Percent   s.e.   Percent   s.e.   Percent   s.e.   Percent   s.e.   Percent   s.e.   Percent     s.e.
International Avg. 12     0.4   28   0.5   60   0.5   9   0.3   33   0.5   58   0.5   41     0.5
                                                           
Austria       21   2.6   77   2.7   2 ! 0.8   44   3.3   53   3.3   45     3.3
Belgium (Flemish) 18     3.1   61   4.4   20   3.4   7   2.0   37   3.9   56   4.1   15     3.0
Belgium (French) 3 !   1.3   14   2.4   82   2.8   17   2.4   53   4.2   30   4.0   24     3.8
Bulgaria 4 !   1.4   7 ! 2.3   89   2.7   7 ! 2.1   24   3.4   69   3.6   62     3.7
Canada, Alberta 13     2.7   44   4.0   42   3.7   5 ! 1.7   70   3.9   26   3.6   15     2.7
                                                           
Canada, British Columbia 23   1 3.3   58   4.0   19   3.3   9 ! 2.7   70   3.9   14   3.3      
Canada, Nova Scotia 25     3.1   61   3.4   14   2.6   9   2.2   80   3.3   11   2.6   3 !   1.1
Canada, Ontario 17     3.9   41   4.9   42   5.1   7 ! 2.9   63   5.3   30   4.6   17     3.4
Canada, Quebec 5 !   1.6   40   4.5   56   4.8   15   3.0   69   4.3   16   3.3   7     2.0
Chinese Taipei 7 !   2.1   21   3.6   73   3.8     1.2   12   2.6   86   2.7   69     3.9
                                                           
Denmark 30     3.2   65   3.1   5 ! 1.7   5 ! 2.1   53   3.9   42   3.6   4 !   1.5
England 24     3.7   60   4.5   16   3.0     1.1   62   3.8   36   3.9   8     1.9
France 6     1.4   33   3.2   61   3.5     0.6   12   2.7   87   2.8   50     3.7
Georgia 6 !   1.9   23   3.7   70   4.1   3 ! 1.2   40   4.4   58   4.5   50     4.9
Germany 5 !   1.6   35   3.4   59   3.6   3 ! 1.1   11   2.2   86   2.4   58     3.7
                                                           
Hong Kong SAR       4 ! 1.3   94   1.7     0.9   6 ! 2.1   93   2.3   89     2.7
Hungary 8     2.2   15   3.0   77   3.4   22   3.6   43   3.6   35   3.8   29     3.8
Iceland 35     0.4   59   0.4   6   0.1   7   0.2   40   0.4   53   0.4   5     0.1
Indonesia 15     2.6   23   3.5   62   3.7   2 ! 0.9   10   2.8   89   3.0   63     3.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. of 4 !   1.5   13   2.6   83   3.2   #   0.0   6 ! 1.9   94   1.9   82     3.5
                                                           
Israel 36     4.0   41   4.0   24   3.4     0.9   29   3.9   68   3.9   22     3.3
Italy #       5 ! 1.7   95   1.7     0.9   6 ! 1.9   92   2.2   89     2.7
Kuwait 3 !   1.4   7 ! 2.3   90   2.7   5 ! 1.9   18   2.9   77   3.3   73   1 3.7
Latvia 13     2.7   16   2.8   71   3.3   39   4.0   41   4.4   20   3.4   16     3.1
Lithuania 7     1.7   16   2.1   77   2.7   44   3.1   45   3.3   11   2.0   10     1.8
                                                           
Luxembourg 11     0.1   21   0.1   68   0.2   3   0.1   10   0.1   87   0.1   62     0.2
Macedonia, Rep. of 5 !   1.7   9   2.5   86   3.0   12   2.8   48   4.0   41   3.8   37     4.0
Moldova, Rep. of 5 !   1.5   8   2.3   87   2.6   3 ! 1.1   13   2.8   84   3.0   74     3.6
Morocco 1     0.1   6   1.7   93   1.7     0.9       98   1.2   91     2.1
Netherlands 29     4.0   57   4.5   14   3.0   1   0.0   35   4.3   64   4.4   12     2.9
                                                           
New Zealand 27     2.4   40   3.1   33   2.7   11   1.8   60   3.2   28   2.9   16     2.2
Norway 7 !   2.5   42   4.4   51   4.1   3 ! 1.4   51   5.1   46   4.8   30     4.3
Poland 26     3.6   26   3.1   48   3.6   23   3.4   61   4.1   15   2.8   8     1.8
Qatar 6   2 0.1   7   0.2   86   0.2   12   0.2   14   0.2   74   0.3   71   2 0.3
Romania 3 !   1.1   13   2.4   84   2.6   4 ! 1.4   22   3.2   74   3.4   66     3.8
                                                           
Russian Federation 15     2.3   22   2.5   63   3.3   27   3.1   49   3.4   24   2.9   24     3.2
Scotland 18     3.2   36   4.5   46   4.4   10 ! 3.2   72   4.1   18   3.2   8 !   2.5
Singapore 7     1.5   14   1.7   79   2.0   5   1.3   18   2.5   77   2.5   69     2.5
Slovak Republic 5     1.4   19   2.8   76   2.9   12   2.4   50   3.9   38   3.5   37     3.5
Slovenia 18     2.5   56   3.2   27   2.9   15   2.5   52   3.2   32   3.3   10     1.8
                                                           
South Africa 10     1.7   13   1.9   77   2.5   4 ! 1.3   10   1.8   86   2.1   74     2.6
Spain 27     3.5   59   4.1   14   3.0   19   2.7   51   3.9   31   3.6   6 ! 1 2.0
Sweden 8     2.0   80   3.0   13   2.6   4 ! 1.5   53   4.0   43   4.0   9     2.0
Trinidad and Tobago 5 !   1.9   10   2.4   85   2.9     0.9   6 ! 1.8   93   2.0   82     2.9
United States 34     4.2   37   4.2   29   2.9   27   2.9   60   3.4   13   2.3   8     1.9
† Not applicable.
# Rounds to zero.
! Interpret data with caution, estimates are unstable. The coefficient of variation is greater than or equal to .3 but less than .5.
‡ Reporting standards not met. The coefficient of variation is greater than or equal to .5.
1 Data are available for at least 70 percent but less than 85 percent of students.
2 Data are available for at least 50 percent but less than 70 percent of students.
NOTE: Background data provided by teachers. Remedial Reading Specialist Available indicates that a specialist was available either in the classroom or in a remedial reading classroom. The International Average does not include the results from the Canadian provinces. Standard error is noted by s.e.
SOURCE: Data from the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA), Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS), 2006. Mullis, I.V.S., Martin, M.O., Kennedy, A.M., and Foy, P. (2007). PIRLS 2006 International Report, exhibit 5.18. Chestnut Hill, MA: Boston College.
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
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