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Table C.2.12b. IEA: Percentage of eighth-grade students, by their science teachers' participation in professional development over the prior 2 years and jurisdiction: 2007
 
Jurisdiction Science content   s.e   Science pedagogy/ instruction   s.e   Science curriculum   s.e   Integrating information technology into science   s.e   Improving students' critical thinking or inquiry skills   s.e   Science assessment   s.e  
    International average   58   0.5   57   0.5   51   0.5   45   0.5   46   0.5   47   0.5  
                                                   
Algeria   48   3.2 1  60   3.2 1  47   3.5 1  36   3.4 1  50   3.6 1  47   3.4 1 
Armenia   38   2.1   50   2.5   51   2.0   31   2.1   44   2.4   34   2.2  
Australia   56   3.7   52   3.5   57   3.9   57   4.3   51   3.9   54   3.5  
Bahrain   45   2.9   50   2.4   35   2.5   68   2.5   58   2.4   50   2.8  
Bosnia and Herzegovina   44   2.1   39   2.6   46   2.5   45   2.3   49   2.4   53   2.1  
                                                   
Botswana   22   3.9   15   2.7   13   2.8   18   3.1   26   3.5   33   3.6  
Bulgaria   69   2.8   55   3.0   75   2.4   76   2.7   29   2.9   44   3.0  
Chinese Taipei   78   3.7   70   3.9   80   3.4   73   3.8   40   4.2   48   4.3  
Colombia   72   4.2   68   4.4   71   4.8   39   4.6   46   4.9   62   4.5  
Cyprus   58   1.0 1  67   0.8 1  53   1.0 1  68   1.0 1  48   0.9 1  40   1.0 1 
                                                   
Czech Republic   61   2.4   43   2.3   30   2.7   55   2.7   31   2.3   22   2.5  
Egypt   55   4.1   70   3.6   39   4.1   49   4.4   71   3.9   61   4.1  
El Salvador   53   4.2   36   3.9   22   3.5   24   3.7   43   4.5   30   3.7  
England   66   2.6   75   2.4   71   2.6   44   3.0   49   3.1   65   2.6  
Georgia   44   3.1   48   3.2   58   2.7   36   3.5   68   3.2   71   3.3  
                                                   
Ghana   60   4.5   48   4.3   54   4.5   20   3.4   45   4.1   51   4.5  
Hong Kong SAR2   79   4.3   78   3.5   75   4.0   56   4.3   69   4.0   56   4.5  
Hungary   48   2.6   50   2.3   29   2.3   35   2.7   33   2.3   25   2.2  
Indonesia   64   4.1   68   3.6   75   3.2   25   3.1   51   4.3   71   3.1  
Iran, Islamic Rep. of   81   2.9   83   2.8   58   3.8   44   3.8   51   3.8   58   3.9  
                                                   
Israel   70   3.9   67   4.2   72   3.7   56   3.3   62   3.8   50   4.0  
Italy   24   3.0   28   3.2   13   1.9   25   2.9   10   1.8   15   2.3  
Japan   74   3.3   64   3.8   31   3.7   31   3.5   14   2.9   40   4.3  
Jordan   58   4.2   78   3.4   66   4.0   59   3.8   74   3.7   54   4.2  
Korea, Rep. of   69   3.2   49   3.9   34   3.4   29   3.4   38   4.0   36   3.9  
                                                   
Kuwait   53   4.8 1  57   4.7 1  33   4.6 1  46   4.5 1  47   4.4 1  34   4.9 1 
Lebanon   57   3.4   59   3.4   52   3.7   42   4.1   58   3.6   64   3.7  
Lithuania   75   1.9   68   1.9   66   2.2   69   2.2   51   2.4   62   2.0  
Malaysia   66   3.7   46   4.0   66   3.9   60   4.6   38   3.9   49   3.9  
Malta   37   0.3   28   0.3   34   0.3   38   0.3   26   0.3   28   0.3  
                                                   
Norway   31   3.3   29   3.0   28   3.3   15   2.7   9   2.0   7   1.8  
Oman   53   4.3   45   4.5   46   4.4   20   3.5   27   3.9   61   3.9  
Palestinian Nat'l Auth.   49   4.2   50   3.8   36   4.3   38   3.4   50   3.4   40   4.2  
Qatar   52   0.2   68   0.1   45   0.2   55   0.1   47   0.2   48   0.1  
Romania   58   2.5   54   2.4   47   2.6   67   2.6   50   2.7   54   2.7  
                                                   
Russian Federation   63   2.1   72   1.6   70   2.2   67   2.8   49   2.2   54   2.2  
Saudi Arabia   41   4.0   55   3.9   21   3.8   30   3.7   44   4.2   31   4.4  
Scotland   73   2.2 1  84   2.0 1  68   2.4 1  64   2.1 1  63   2.5 1  57   2.3 1 
Serbia   63   2.4   33   2.2   20   2.2   50   2.5   45   2.3   6   1.1  
Singapore   78   2.3   85   1.9   78   2.2   70   2.2   72   2.4   65   2.3  
                                                   
Slovenia   82   2.1   49   2.2   432   2.1   43   2.2   24   1.7   67   2.3  
Sweden   43   3.3   29   2.5   36   2.6   10   1.9   20   2.4   37   3.1  
Syrian Arab Republic   27   3.5   26   3.3   18   2.4   16   2.6   51   3.6   34   3.7  
Thailand   91   2.5   85   3.1   82   3.2   70   3.4   80   3.1   81   3.3  
Tunisia   64   4.1   78   3.5   76   3.8   54   4.3   41   4.2   55   4.6  
                                                   
Turkey   65   4.3   64   4.5   78   3.9   28   3.6   25   3.9   44   4.0  
Ukraine   80   2.3   84   1.9   85   2.0   81   2.0   80   2.1   84   2.0  
United States   82   2.3   64   2.8   82   2.3   70   3.1   73   2.9   61   3.0  
                                                   
Benchmarking jurisdictions                                                  
   Basque Country, Spain   30   4.2   28   4.8   25   4.5   41   5.0   18   3.8   13   3.6  
   British Columbia, Canada   84   3.2 1  56   3.9 1  70   3.3 1  55   4.0 1  64   3.8 1  42   4.5 1 
   Dubai, UAE   58   3.8 3  68   3.3   64   3.1 3  67   3.9   75   3.6 3  69   4.2 3 
   Massachusetts, United States   85   5.3   76   6.8   90   4.3   72   6.3   69   7.4   61   7.1  
   Minnesota, United States   89   3.9   77   5.2   87   3.7   66   6.6   68   7.8   61   6.6  
                                                   
   Ontario, Canada   44   4.0   32   4.7   40   4.3   36   4.4   45   5.3   22   3.9  
   Quebec, Canada   66   4.8   64   4.4   68   5.2   42   5.4   17   3.6   73   4.0  
1 Data are available for at least 70 but less than 85 percent of students.
2 Hong Kong is a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the People's Republic of China.
3 Data are available for at least 50 but less than 70 percent of students.
NOTE: Background data provided by teachers. Participation in professional development activities must have occured within the past 2 years. Morocco participated in TIMSS 2007 but did not satisfy guidelines for sample participation rates and is therefore not shown. The international average is the average of the jurisdiction averages but does not include the Benchmarking jurisdictions. Benchmarking jurisdictions are subnational entities that followed the same international guidelines as countries to participate in TIMSS. Apparent differences may not be statistically significant. Standard error is noted by s.e.
SOURCE: Data from the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA), Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), 2007. Mullis, I.V.S., Martin, M.O., and Foy, P. (2008). TIMSS 2007 International Science Report: Findings from IEA's Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study at the Fourth and Eighth Grades, exhibit 6.5. Chestnut Hill, MA: Boston College.
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education