Skip Navigation
small NCES header image

Table C.2.12a. IEA: Percentage of fourth-grade students, by their science teachers' participation in professional development over the prior 2 years and jurisdiction: 2007
 
Jurisdiction Science content   s.e   Science pedagogy/ instruction   s.e   Science curriculum   s.e   Integrating information technology into science   s.e   Improving students' critical thinking or inquiry skills   s.e   Science assessment   s.e  
    International average   34   0.6   35   0.6   31   0.5   24   0.5   33   0.6   28   0.5  
                                                   
Algeria   32   4.3   48   5.1   40   5.3   9   2.6   35   4.4   36   4.2  
Armenia   15   2.6   17   2.6   23   3.2   16   2.7   18   3.3   17   3.1  
Australia   22   3.0   16   2.5   24   3.4   20   3.1   36   3.5   15   2.3  
Austria   35   3.6   24   2.9   8   1.8   13   1.9   20   2.3   4 ! 1.2  
Chinese Taipei   65   3.9   69   3.3   65   3.8   64   4.2   41   4.4   37   3.9  
                                                   
Colombia   42   5.0   36   4.3   52   5.0   26   4.2   32   4.5   35   4.7  
Czech Republic   20   3.2   19   2.9   15   2.9   17   3.1   24   3.6   13   3.1  
Denmark   21   3.9 1  17   3.6 1  13   3.3 1  6 ! 2.0 1  6 ! 2.1 1    1 
El Salvador   23   3.4   14   2.6   10   2.1   9   2.5   27   3.9   15   3.1  
England   32   4.1   41   4.2   34   3.7   28   3.5   42   4.3   36   4.0  
                                                   
Georgia   20   4.7   25   3.5   30   4.2   16   3.2   49   5.0   44   4.7  
Germany   36   2.8   21   2.6   33   3.2   7   1.6   25   2.5   15   2.2  
Hong Kong SAR2   53   4.3   47   4.4   38   4.2   45   4.2   56   4.5   31   3.9  
Hungary   24   3.2   29   3.5   13   2.7   14   2.5   26   2.9   7   1.9  
Iran, Islamic Rep. of   28   3.3   36   3.3   25   3.2   12   2.8   28   3.7   25   3.4  
                                                   
Italy   16   2.1   10   1.9   8   1.4   17   2.3   12   1.9   6   1.4  
Japan   37   3.8   45   4.0   14   2.6   23   3.3   11   2.4   15   2.9  
Kazakhstan   65   5.5   68   5.6   70   5.1   53   4.3   69   5.5   67   5.6  
Kuwait   39   4.1 1  36   4.1 1  19   3.3 1  39   3.8 1  43   4.0 1  39   4.1 1 
Latvia   68   3.6   61   3.8   68   3.9   29   3.7   51   4.3   60   3.9  
                                                   
Lithuania   21   3.0   25   3.1   9   1.8   35   3.2   44   4.2   24   2.7  
Morocco   8 ! 2.5   16   3.2   5 ! 1.9       15   2.8   10   2.7  
Netherlands   5 ! 1.7   4 ! 1.3   3 ! 1.4 1  7 ! 2.3   17   2.6   5 ! 1.5  
New Zealand   14   1.9   12   1.6   17   1.9   19   2.3   47   2.7   11   1.7  
Norway   8   1.9   4 ! 1.4   12   2.5   4 ! 1.5   4 ! 1.3   #    
                                                   
Qatar   37   0.2   39   0.2   27   0.2   29   0.2   44   0.2   39   0.2  
Russian Federation   58   3.3   62   3.5   62   2.9   48   3.1   41   3.6   52   3.4  
Scotland   39   4.1 1  44   4.3 1  42   4.2 1  27   3.6 1  47   3.9 1  23   3.2 1 
Singapore   61   2.9   68   3.0   48   2.6   52   2.9   57   3.2   53   2.8  
Slovak Republic   21   3.1   47   3.8   51   3.8   45   3.6   29   3.5   26   3.4  
                                                   
Slovenia   63   3.1   57   3.4   43   2.9   29   2.9   23   2.5   57   3.1  
Sweden   22   2.4   17   2.8   21   2.9   4 ! 1.3   14   2.5   11   2.5  
Tunisia   27   3.1   41   3.5   27   3.6   19   3.2   28   3.9   42   3.9  
Ukraine   67   3.2   75   2.9   75   3.6   62   3.2   63   3.7   78   3.0  
United States   42   2.8   29   2.4   44   2.7   28   2.8   36   2.2   24   2.4  
                                                   
Yemen   22   4.2   35   5.0   27   4.5   7 ! 2.9   41   5.0   36   5.0  
                                                   
Benchmarking jurisdictions                                                  
   Alberta, Canada   38   4.0   32   3.8   31   3.9   35   4.2   55   4.0   31   3.9  
   British Columbia, Canada   51   4.2 1  30   4.2 1  44   4.7 1  14   2.9 1  45   4.3 1  17   3.4 1 
   Dubai, UAE   60   5.0 3      51   5.4 3  38   5.4 3  58   5.1   53   4.9 3 
   Massachusetts, United States   45   6.5   41   5.5   51   5.9   35   6.4   38   5.5   21   4.7  
   Minnesota, United States   35   8.7   33   7.4   45   7.7   27   7.6   41   5.7   20 ! 6.5  
                                                   
   Ontario, Canada   17   3.6   12   2.7   26   4.6   19   4.6   29   4.0   10   2.7  
   Quebec, Canada   19   3.1   20   3.4   15   3.1 1 11   2.8   11   2.6   10   2.8  
† Not applicable.
# Rounds to zero.
! Interpret data with caution. (Estimates are unstable.)
‡ Reporting standards not met. Too few observations to provide reliable estimates.
1 Data are available for at least 70 but less than 85 percent of students.
2 Hong Kong is a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the People's Republic of China.
3 Data are available for at least 50 but less than 70 percent of students.
NOTE: Background data provided by teachers. Participation in professional development activities must have occured within the past 2 years. The international average is the average of the jurisdiction averages but does not include the Benchmarking jurisdictions. Benchmarking jurisdictions are subnational entities that followed the same international guidelines as countries to participate in TIMSS. Apparent differences may not be statistically significant. Standard error is noted by s.e.
SOURCE: Data from the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA), Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), 2007. Mullis, I.V.S., Martin, M.O., and Foy, P. (2008). TIMSS 2007 International Science Report: Findings from IEA's Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study at the Fourth and Eighth Grades, exhibit 6.5. Chestnut Hill, MA: Boston College.
Would you like to help us improve our products and website by taking a short survey?

YES, I would like to take the survey

or

No Thanks

The survey consists of a few short questions and takes less than one minute to complete.
National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education