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Table C.2.11a. IEA: Percentage of fourth-grade students, by their mathematics teachers' participation in professional development over the prior 2 years and jurisdiction: 2007
 
Jurisdiction   Mathematics content   s.e   Mathematics pedagogy/ instruction   s.e   Mathematics curriculum   s.e   Integrating information technology into mathematics   s.e   Improving students' critical thinking or problem solving skills   s.e   Mathematics assessment   s.e    
    International average   42   0.6   47   0.6   40   0.6   29   0.5   40   0.6   37   0.6  
                                                   
Algeria   44   4.8   53   4.4   50   4.8   10   2.6   42   4.3   45   4.4  
Armenia   64   4.0   77   3.5   75   3.6   39   4.1   51   3.5   62   3.5  
Australia   71   3.1   63   3.7   73   3.7   35   3.9   53   4.3   52   3.5  
Austria   56   3.1   32   3.1   11   1.9   6   1.7   22   2.7   20   2.6  
Chinese Taipei   67   3.8   74   3.5   71   3.9   42   4.0   33   3.7   33   4.0  
                                                   
Colombia   42   5.6   37   5.3   46   6.0   28   4.6   52   5.0   37   5.4  
Czech Republic   20   3.0   35   3.8   20   3.3   33   3.5   31   3.6   21   3.5  
Denmark   23   3.4   23   3.4   9   2.6   21   3.0   9   2.2   5 ! 2.0  
El Salvador   26   3.7   28   3.9   12   2.7   13   2.9   34   4.2   26   3.9  
England   60   3.6   70   3.5   65   3.7   44   4.1   59   3.8   43   4.5  
                                                   
Georgia   21   3.5   41   3.6   39   4.3   18   3.4   55   4.6   53   5.1  
Germany   44   3.3   37   3.1   38   3.3   7   1.5   28   3.2   27   3.1  
Hong Kong SAR1    74   3.5   82   3.5   70   3.6   49   4.5   72   3.7   58   4.3  
Hungary   43   4.1   47   4.3   19   3.5   11   2.7   26   3.3   23   3.6  
Iran, Islamic Rep. of   30   3.6   37   3.6   25   3.2   18   3.2   29   3.9   27   3.6  
                                                   
Italy   22   2.7   25   2.6   14   2.4   33   3.2   22   2.6   14   2.3  
Japan   48   3.9   55   3.6   16   2.6   19   2.8   27   3.4   21   2.7  
Kazakhstan   63   5.6   72   5.5   76   5.0   56   4.2   72   5.4   70   5.6  
Kuwait   27   4.0 2 34   4.2 2 20   3.9 2 25   4.1 2 30   4.3   28   4.3 2
Latvia   43   3.9   42   3.7   43   3.8   17   3.0   55   3.9   46   3.5  
                                                   
Lithuania   17   2.7   21   3.1   18   3.1   56   3.6   50   4.1   30   2.8  
Morocco   11   2.7   11   2.6   10   2.3   3   0.8   9   2.3   13   2.8  
Netherlands   11   2.7   15   2.5   6 ! 1.9   18   2.9   19   3.0   10   2.5  
New Zealand   83   2.1   76   2.4   78   2.1   26   2.4   54   2.7   64   2.6  
Norway   26   3.2   30   3.5   24   3.3   12   2.8   18   2.7   5   1.3  
                                                   
Qatar   41   0.2   50   0.2   40   0.2   36   0.2   40   0.2   38   0.2  
Russian Federation   66   3.5   67   3.0   68   3.0   51   3.5   58   3.6   55   3.2  
Scotland   44   4.1   62   4.0   43   4.1   51   4.7   57   4.8   33   4.2  
Singapore   59   2.6   70   2.6   50   2.7   51   2.9   66   2.6   52   2.8  
Slovak Republic   13   2.5   41   3.4   46   3.8   55   3.2   30   3.3   24   2.9  
                                                   
Slovenia   43   3.0   35   3.1   38   3.4   25   2.8   17   2.3   62   3.4  
Sweden   34   3.4   41   3.3   35   3.8   5   0.9   21   3.1   25   3.4  
Tunisia   39   4.0   57   3.9   33   3.9   19   3.1   36   3.9   61   4.0  
Ukraine   65   3.3   74   2.8   73   3.3   64   3.5   82   3.0   81   2.7  
United States   60   2.2   50   2.6   63   2.4   39   2.6   51   2.5   47   2.4  
                                                   
Yemen   20   4.4   47   5.0   28   4.3   6 ! 2.6   37   4.9   31   4.8  
                                                   
Benchmarking jurisdictions                                                  
   Alberta, Canada   57   4.1   54   4.2   52   3.9   33   3.4   54   4.2   46   4.1  
   British Columbia, Canada   73   3.8 2 59   4.5 2 67   3.8 2 17   3.3 2 64   4.2   39   4.3 2
   Dubai, UAE   55   4.5 2 51   4.2 3 54   6.3 3 36   4.3 3 64   5.2   48   4.8 2
   Massachusetts, United States   77   6.4   77   5.7   77   5.6   44   5.6   65   6.1   64   6.8  
   Minnesota, United States   59   5.2   57   4.7   63   6.7   33   4.9   49   8.5   34   7.6  
                                                   
   Ontario, Canada   68   4.2   67   4.3   75   4.3   30   4.3   53   4.3   51   5.9  
   Quebec, Canada   36   4.8   39   4.6   41   4.2   11   2.5   31   3.8   39   4.2  
! Interpret data with caution. (Estimates are unstable.)
1 Hong Kong is a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the People's Republic of China.
2 Data are available for at least 70 but less than 85 percent of students.
3 Data are available for at least 50 but less than 70 percent of students.
NOTE: Background data provided by teachers. Participation in professional development activities must have occured within the past 2 years. The international average is the average of the jurisdiction averages but does not include the Benchmarking jurisdictions. Benchmarking jurisdictions are subnational entities that followed the same international guidelines as countries to participate in TIMSS. Apparent differences may not be statistically significant. Standard error is noted by s.e.
SOURCE: Data from the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA), Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), 2007. Mullis, I.V.S., Martin, M.O., and Foy, P. (2008). TIMSS 2007 International Mathematics Report: Findings from IEA's Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study at the Fourth and Eighth Grades, exhibit 6.4. Chestnut Hill, MA: Boston College.
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education