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Table C.2.10b. IEA: Percentage of eighth-grade students by their mathematics teachers' educational level and jurisdiction: 2007

Jurisdiction Completed postgraduate university degree   Completed university but not a postgraduate degree   Completed post-secondary education but not university   Completed upper-secondary school   Did not complete upper-secondary school
Percent   s.e.   Percent   s.e.   Percent   s.e.   Percent   s.e.   Percent   s.e.
International average 21   0.3   57   0.4   18   0.3   3   0.2   1   0.1
                                       
Algeria 1   #   14   3.0   63   3.7   20   3.4    
Armenia 94   1.6   4   1.0       #     #  
Australia 60   4.1   38   3.9       #     #  
Bahrain 10   1.9   86   2.3   4 ! 1.4   #     #  
Bosnia and Herzegovina     8   2.1   91   2.3       #  
                                       
Botswana     9   2.6   89   2.8   #     #  
Bulgaria 77   3.4   12   2.5   11   2.5   #     #  
Chinese Taipei 22   3.5   72   3.7       5 ! 1.8   #  
Colombia 13 ! 5.7   84   5.8       1   0.1    
Cyprus 24   2.8   76   2.8   #     #     #  
                                       
Czech Republic 97   1.2   1   #   1   #   2 ! 0.8   #  
Egypt 6   1.7   91   2.2   #     #      
El Salvador #     27   4.5   67   4.6   6 ! 2.0   #  
England 30   3.3   64   3.4   6   1.6   #     #  
Georgia 96   1.5   4 ! 1.5   #     #     #  
                                       
Ghana #     6 ! 1.8   75   3.6   19   3.3   #  
Hong Kong SAR1 26   3.7   62   3.8   12   3.1       #  
Hungary                  
Indonesia #     76   3.6   20   3.3   4 ! 1.4   #  
Iran, Islamic Rep. of 1   #   49   4.0   51   4.0   #     #  
                                       
Israel 29   2.6   67   3.1       #     #  
Italy 14   2.4   86   2.4   #     #     #  
Japan 8   2.1   90   2.5       #     #  
Jordan 13   2.6   76   3.4   11   2.2   #     #  
Korea, Rep. of 32   3.1   68   3.1   #     #     #  
                                       
Kuwait   2  96   1.8 2  1   # 2  #   2  #  
Lebanon 9   2.3   63   4.5   #     28   4.2   #  
Lithuania 42   4.1   39   4.1   18   3.5       #  
Malaysia 6 ! 2.0   76   3.4   15   2.6       #  
Malta 5   0.1   83   0.1   6   0.1   6   0.1   #  
                                       
Norway 9   2.0   76   3.0   13   2.4   #      
Oman     99   0.9   1   #   #     #  
Palestinian Nat'l Auth. 4 ! 1.6   81   3.1   14   2.9   #      
Qatar 16   0.1   81   0.1   2   #   #     1   #
Romania 9   2.3   71   3.7   19   3.0   #      
                                       
Russian Federation 79   2.7   20   2.8   1 ! 0.4   #     #  
Saudi Arabia 1   #   96   1.5   3 ! 1.2   #     #  
Scotland 30   3.3   70   3.3   #     #     #  
Serbia     38   3.7   59   3.8       #  
Singapore 6   1.5   89   1.8   4   1.0   #     #  
                                       
Slovenia     45   3.3   50   3.1   4   1.1   #  
Sweden 50   2.9   41   2.9   8   1.6       #  
Syrian Arab Republic     5 ! 1.9   89   2.6   3 ! 1.2    
Thailand 11   2.7   88   2.9   #         #  
Tunisia #     71   3.6   27   3.5       #  
                                       
Turkey 7 ! 2.4   66   4.0   27   3.5   #     #  
Ukraine     98   1.1   1   #   #     #  
United States 56   2.9   43   2.8   #     #     #  
                                       
Benchmarking jurisdictions                                      
Basque Country, Spain 49   4.5   51   4.5   #     #     #  
British Columbia, Canada 59   4.3   40   4.4       #     #  
Dubai, UAE 3 ! 1.1 3  92   1.4 3  6   1.2 3  #   3  #  
Massachusetts, US 64   6.4   36   6.4   #     #     #  
Minnesota, US 49   7.2   51   7.2   #     #     #  
                                       
Ontario, Canada 76   3.8   22   3.7       #     #  
Quebec, Canada 16   3.4   82   3.6       #     #  
— Not available.
† Not applicable.
# Rounds to zero.
! Interpret data with caution. (Estimates are unstable.)
‡ Reporting standards not met.
1 Hong Kong is a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the People's Republic of China.
2 Data are available for at least 70 but less than 85 percent of students.
3 Data are available for at least 50 but less than 70 percent of students.
NOTE: Background data provided by teachers who provided mathematics lessons to students. The international average is the average of the jurisdiction averages but does not include the benchmarking jurisdictions. Benchmarking jurisdictions are subnational entities that followed the same international guidelines as countries to participate in TIMSS. Educational level is based on jurisdictions' categorizations to UNESCO's International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED-1997). Postgraduate university degree includes doctorate, master's or other postgraduate degree or diploma. Morocco participated in 2007 but did not satisfy guidelines for sample participation rates and is therefore not shown. Apparent differences may not be statistically significant. Standard error is noted by s.e. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: Data from the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA), Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), 2007. Mullis, I.V.S., Martin, M.O., and Foy, P. (2008). TIMSS 2007 International Mathematics Report: Findings from IEA's Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study at the Fourth and Eighth Grades, exhibit 6.2. Chestnut Hill, MA: Boston College PDF File (15MB).
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education