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Table C.2.09b. IEA: Percentage of eighth-grade students by their science teachers' educational level and jurisdiction: 2007

Jurisdiction Completed postgraduate university degree   Completed university but not a postgraduate degree   Completed post-secondary education but not university   Completed upper-secondary school   Did not complete upper-secondary school
Percent   s.e.   Percent   s.e.   Percent   s.e.   Percent   s.e.   Percent   s.e.  
International average 23   0.3   58   0.4   16   0.3   3   0.2   #    
                                         
Algeria 1   #   17   2.6   62   3.2   17   2.5   3 ! 1.0  
Armenia 94   1.0   5   0.8   #     1 ! 0.3   #    
Australia 63   3.4   35   3.6       #     #    
Bahrain 8   1.0   91   1.1   #     #     #    
Bosnia and Herzegovina #     19   1.8   79   1.8   1 ! 0.4   1 ! 0.3  
                                         
Botswana     29   3.6   70   3.7   #     #    
Bulgaria 70   2.9   15   1.9   14   2.5   #     #    
Chinese Taipei 30   3.8   57   4.1       10   2.3   #    
Colombia 20   5.9   79   5.8   #     #     #    
Cyprus 31   1.0 1  69   1.0 1  #   1  #   1  #   1 
                                         
Czech Republic 95   1.0   1 ! 0.4       3   0.8   #    
Egypt 7 ! 2.1   91   2.6              
El Salvador 1   #   32   4.1   60   4.0   7 ! 2.2   #    
England 39   2.8   56   2.9   4 ! 1.3   #     #    
Georgia 94   1.4   6   1.3   #     1   0.2   #    
                                         
Ghana #     10   2.1   76   3.2   13   2.7      
Hong Kong SAR2 28   3.6   64   4.0   8   2.3   #     #    
Hungary                    
Indonesia     76   2.8   19   2.6   4 ! 1.3   #    
Iran, Islamic Rep. of     53   4.1   47   4.2   #     #    
                                         
Israel 33   3.1   65   3.2   2 ! 0.8   #     #    
Italy 14   2.4   86   2.4   #     #     #    
Japan 15   2.9   83   2.9       #     #    
Jordan 9   2.2   86   2.9   4 ! 1.8   #     #    
Korea, Rep. of 29   3.7   71   3.7   #     #     #    
                                         
Kuwait 6 ! 2.1 1  94   2.1 1  #   1  #   1  #   1 
Lebanon 7   1.9   79   3.6   #     14   3.2   #    
Lithuania 40   2.8   47   2.7   12   1.7   1 ! 0.4   #    
Malaysia     79   3.0   16   2.6       1   0.0  
Malta 15   0.2   76   0.3   4   0.2   5   0.1   #    
            #                            
Norway 12   2.7   76   3.4   10   2.2   #        
Oman 2   0.4   97   0.8   1 ! 0.4   1   #   #    
Palestinian Nat'l Auth. 6 ! 2.0   84   3.0   10   2.3   #     #    
Qatar 12   0.1   86   0.1   1   #   #     #    
Romania 12   1.2   71   1.6   16   1.7       #    
                                         
Russian Federation 90   1.1   9   1.1   1 ! 0.4   1   0.5   #    
Saudi Arabia #     96   1.9       1   #   #    
Scotland 38   2.4 1  62   2.4 1  #   1  #   1  #   1 
Serbia 2 ! 0.6   57   2.5   40   2.5   #     #    
Singapore 6   1.0   87   1.6   7   1.4   #     #    
                                         
Slovenia 2 ! 0.8   44   2.9   52   2.8       #    
Sweden 56   2.4   39   2.4   5   1.2       #    
Syrian Arab Republic     2 ! 0.9   95   1.5   2 ! 0.8   #   0.5  
Thailand 11   2.5   86   2.8   4 ! 1.5   #     #    
Tunisia 13   2.9   70   3.8   17   3.0   #     1   0.0  
                                         
Turkey 5 ! 2.2   75   3.9   21   3.5   #     #    
Ukraine 2 ! 0.6   96   0.8   2   0.5   1 ! 0.3   #    
United States 60   2.8   40   2.8   #     #     #    
                                         
Benchmarking jurisdictions                                        
Basque Country, Spain 55   4.3   45   4.3   #     #     #    
British Columbia, Canada 57   3.9   39   4.3       #     2   0.1  
Dubai, UAE 4 ! 1.2 3  90   1.4 3  5   0.5 3  #   3    3 
Massachusetts, US 66   7.9   34   7.9   #     #     #    
Minnesota, US 63   6.9   37   6.9   #     #     #    
                                         
Ontario, Canada 80   3.6   19   3.5       #     #    
Quebec, Canada 15   2.9   81   3.4           #    
— Not available.
† Not applicable.
# Rounds to zero.
! Interpret data with caution. (Estimates are unstable.)
‡ Reporting standards not met.
1 Data are available for at least 70 but less than 85 percent of students.
2 Hong Kong is a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the People's Republic of China.
3 Data are available for at least 50 but less than 70 percent of students.
NOTE: Background data provided by teachers who provided science lessons to students. The international average is the average of the jurisdiction averages but does not include the benchmarking jurisdictions. Benchmarking jurisdictions are subnational entities that followed the same international guidelines as countries to participate in TIMSS. Educational level is based on jurisdictions' categorizations to UNESCO's International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED-1997). Postgraduate university degree includes doctorate, master's or other postgraduate degree or diploma. Morocco participated in 2007 but did not satisfy guidelines for sample participation rates and is therefore not shown. Apparent differences may not be statistically significant. Standard error is noted by s.e. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: Data from the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA), Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), 2007. Mullis, I.V.S., Martin, M.O., and Foy, P. (2008). TIMSS 2007 International Science Report: Findings from IEA's Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study at the Fourth and Eighth Grades, exhibit 6.2. Chestnut Hill, MA: Boston College PDF File (14MB).
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education