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Table C.2.09a. IEA: Percentage of fourth-grade students by their science teachers' educational level and jurisdiction: 2007

Jurisdiction Completed postgraduate university degree   Completed university but not a postgraduate degree   Completed post-secondary education but not university   Completed upper-secondary school   Did not complete upper-secondary school
Percent   s.e.   Percent   s.e.   Percent   s.e.   Percent   s.e.   Percent   s.e.  
International average 17   0.3   53   0.5   18   0.4   11   0.3   #    
                                           
Algeria 3   0.5   19   3.3   5 ! 2.1   69   3.8   7   1.9  
Armenia #     98   1.2       #     #    
Australia 41   4.3   52   4.6   8   1.5   #     #    
Austria 3 ! 1.0       93   1.8 1  3 ! 1.1   #    
Chinese Taipei 23   3.4   65   4.3   3 ! 1.2   9 ! 2.7   #    
                                         
Colombia 9   2.5   70   5.0   11 ! 3.7   9 ! 2.8   1   #  
Czech Republic 80   3.1   3 ! 1.4   6 ! 2.1   10   2.4   #    
Denmark 3 ! 1.4   84   3.5   9 ! 2.8   4 ! 1.5   #    
El Salvador #     21   3.3   64   4.0   13   3.2      
England 34   4.2   56   4.6   10   2.2   #     #    
                                         
Georgia 90   1.9   9   1.7   #         #    
Germany #     100   0.1   #     #     #    
Hong Kong SAR2 13   2.5   68   3.8   18   3.5       #    
Hungary                    
Iran, Islamic Rep. of     27   4.1   44   4.2   28   3.9   #    
                                         
Italy 2 ! 0.7   19   2.5   6   1.5   73   3.0   #    
Japan 3 ! 1.3   90   2.2   7   1.8   #     #    
Kazakhstan 24   3.4   40   5.3   34   5.3   #     #    
Kuwait   3  94   2.0 3  4 ! 1.8 3  #   3  #   3 
Latvia #     98   1.0   1   #   2 ! 0.8   #    
                                         
Lithuania 18   2.5   60   3.1   22   2.9   #     #    
Morocco #     27   3.9   3 ! 1.4   55   4.2   14   2.8  
Netherlands     96   1.7   #         #    
New Zealand 10   1.7   65   2.8   25   2.2   #     #    
Norway     71   3.3   27   3.2       1 ! 0.4  
                                         
Qatar 10   0.1   84   0.2   3   0.1   3   0.1   #    
Russian Federation 36   3.4   35   3.5   29   3.1   #     #    
Scotland 26   3.5 3  74   3.5 3  #   3  #   3  #   3 
Singapore 4   1.0   54   2.7   40   2.5       #    
Slovak Republic 96   1.3   #     #     3 ! 1.4   #    
                                         
Slovenia #     50   2.6   49   2.6   #   0.4   #    
Sweden 12   2.2   58   3.8   30   3.4   #     #    
Tunisia #     8   2.3   32   3.8   60   3.5   #    
Ukraine     81   3.1   18   3.1   #     #    
United States 54   2.7   45   2.7   #     #     #    
Yemen #     26   4.1   44   4.9   28   4.7      
                                         
Benchmarking jurisdictions                                        
Alberta, Canada 12   2.4   86   2.7       #     #    
British Columbia, Canada 18   2.3 3  82   2.3 3  #   3  #   3  #   3 
Dubai, UAE 3   0.2 4  97   0.2 4  #   4  #   4  #   4 
Massachusetts, US 80   4.5   20   4.5   #     #     #    
Minnesota, US 75   5.1 3  25   5.1 3  #   3  #   3  #   3 
                                         
Ontario, Canada 29   4.5   69   4.6   2 ! 0.9       #    
Quebec, Canada 10   2.6   89   2.8       #     #    
— Not available.
† Not applicable.
# Rounds to zero.
! Interpret data with caution. (Estimates are unstable.)
‡ Reporting standards not met.
1 Teachers in Austria are educated in special universities of education and receive a Bachelor of Education that takes 3 years to complete.
2 Hong Kong is a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the People's Republic of China.
3 Data are available for at least 70 but less than 85 percent of students.
4 Data are available for at least 50 but less than 70 percent of students.
NOTE: Background data provided by teachers who provided science lessons to students. In the U.S. and most countries fourth-grade mathematics classrooms are the same as science classrooms. While most U.S. fourth-graders have one teacher for mathematics and science, there is a small proportion that have a different teacher for each subject. The international average is the average of the jurisdiction averages but does not include the benchmarking jurisdictions. Benchmarking jurisdictions are subnational entities that followed the same international guidelines as countries to participate in TIMSS. Educational level is based on jurisdictions' categorizations to UNESCO's International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED-1997). Postgraduate university degree includes doctorate, master's or other postgraduate degree or diploma. Apparent differences may not be statistically significant. Standard error is noted by s.e. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: Data from the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA), Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), 2007. Mullis, I.V.S., Martin, M.O., and Foy, P. (2008). TIMSS 2007 International Science Report: Findings from IEA's Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study at the Fourth and Eighth Grades, exhibit 6.2. Chestnut Hill, MA: Boston College PDF File (14MB).
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education