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Table C.2.04a. IEA: Percentage of fourth-grade students by their mathematics teachers' sex, mathematics teachers' age, and jurisdiction: 2007
Jurisdiction Sex   Age
Male   s.e.   Female   s.e.   29 years or under   s.e.   30-39 years   s.e.   40-49 years   s.e.   50 years or older   s.e.
International average 21   0.5   79   0.5   16   0.4   31   0.6   29   0.5   24   0.5
                                               
Algeria 42   4.5   58   4.5   6 ! 1.9   45   4.6   44   4.4   5 ! 1.8
Armenia 15   3.3   85   3.3   15   3.0   20   3.2   26   3.2   39   4.4
Australia 20   3.4   80   3.4   21   3.9   18   3.4   29   4.1   32   3.4
Austria 11   2.0   89   2.0   8   2.1   21   2.7   36   2.8   34   2.8
Chinese Taipei 25   3.7   75   3.7   21   3.6   46   3.9   25   3.2   8   2.3
                                               
Colombia 24   4.3   76   4.3   13   3.6   28   4.9   30   4.0   29   4.5
Czech Republic 9   2.5   91   2.5   11   2.5   24   3.1   40   3.4   25   3.2
Denmark 51   4.0   49   4.0   9   1.9   30   4.2   24   3.9   37   4.3
El Salvador 30   4.2   70   4.2   14   2.7   38   3.9   40   4.0   8 ! 2.6
England 31   3.5   69   3.5   31   3.8   29   3.4   23   3.4   16   3.0
                                               
Georgia     99   0.8   4 ! 1.5   17   2.6   29   3.9   50   3.8
Germany 15   2.1   85   2.1   9   1.8   20   2.7   16   2.5   56   3.1
Hong Kong SAR1 41   4.1   59   4.1   38   3.8   37   4.1   11   2.9   13   2.7
Hungary     95   1.7   5 ! 1.9   20   2.7   45   3.3   30   3.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. of 47   2.7   53   2.7   14   2.4   40   4.1   40   3.9   7   1.6
                                               
Italy 3 ! 0.9   97   0.9   4 ! 1.4   20   2.3   37   3.0   39   3.1
Japan 35   3.1   65   3.1   13   2.5   20   3.1   39   3.5   28   3.5
Kazakhstan 6   1.7   94   1.7   11   3.0   34   3.7   34   5.2   22   4.6
Kuwait2 12   2.7   88   2.7   37   4.3   56   4.5   7 ! 2.1   #  
Latvia #     100   0.3   5 ! 1.6   27   3.1   39   3.2   29   3.1
                                               
Lithuania 2 ! 0.8   98   0.8       34   3.0   39   3.5   26   3.3
Morocco 50   4.3   50   4.3   21   3.0   29   3.7   35   3.6   15   2.9
Netherlands 42   4.1   58   4.1   24   3.5   19   3.1   15   3.0   42   3.9
New Zealand 25   2.4   75   2.4   27   2.6   29   2.1   23   2.0   21   2.2
Norway 18   2.4   82   2.4   10   2.0   28   2.8   20   2.6   42   2.9
                                               
Qatar 8   0.1   92   0.1   39   0.2   42   0.1   18   0.1   1   #
Russian Federation     99   0.9   7 ! 2.3   34   3.3   37   3.6   22   2.4
Scotland 8   1.8   92   1.8   23   3.6   21   3.1   23   2.8   33   3.4
Singapore 33   2.6   67   2.6   37   2.8   36   3.1   18   2.2   8   1.7
Slovak Republic 6   1.7   94   1.7   12   2.4   32   3.5   28   3.3   28   2.7
                                               
Slovenia 2 ! 0.7   98   0.7   14   1.9   21   2.4   48   3.0   17   2.5
Sweden 18   2.9   82   2.9   7   1.8   26   3.1   26   2.5   41   3.3
Tunisia 34   3.4   66   3.4   8   2.0   47   4.2   35   3.4   10   1.8
Ukraine #     100   #   8   1.8   32   3.7   38   3.9   22   2.8
United States 12   1.7   88   1.7   18   2.0   28   2.3   22   2.1   31   2.1
Yemen 74   3.9   26   3.9   29   4.0   61   4.7   8   2.3    
                                               
Benchmarking jurisdictions                                              
Alberta, Canada 20   3.1   80   3.1   16   3.1   28   4.0   29   4.1   27   3.3
British Columbia, Canada 18   2.9   82   2.9   10   2.7   32   4.0   23   3.1   35   3.8
Dubai, UAE2 20   5.2   80   5.2   21   3.8   44   5.1   24   4.3   11 ! 3.9
Massachusetts, US 7 ! 2.9   93   2.9   23   4.2   28   5.5   23   5.6   26   5.7
Minnesota, US 25   5.6   75   5.6   8 ! 3.4   29   5.3   22   5.4   41   7.2
                                               
Ontario, Canada 16   3.2   84   3.2   12   2.7   29   4.5   38   4.9   21   3.9
Quebec, Canada 13   3.0   87   3.0   12   2.5   30   3.6   33   4.2   25   3.8
† Not applicable.
# Rounds to zero.
! Interpret data with caution. (Estimates are unstable.)
‡ Reporting standards not met.
1 Hong Kong is a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the People's Republic of China.
2 Data are available for at least 70 but less than 85 percent of students.
NOTE: Background data provided by teachers who provided mathematics lessons to students. In the U.S. and most countries fourth-grade mathematics classrooms are the same as science classrooms. While most U.S. fourth-graders have one teacher for mathematics and science, there is a small proportion that have a different teacher for each subject. The international average is the average of the jurisdiction averages but does not include the benchmarking jurisdictions. Benchmarking jurisdictions are subnational entities that followed the same international guidelines as countries to participate in TIMSS. Apparent differences may not be statistically significant. Standard error is noted by s.e. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: Data from the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA), Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), 2007. Mullis, I.V.S., Martin, M.O., and Foy, P. (2008). TIMSS 2007 International Mathematics Report: Findings from IEA's Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study at the Fourth and Eighth Grades, exhibit 6.1. Chestnut Hill, MA: Boston College PDF File (15MB).
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education