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Table C.2.03a. IEA: Percentage of fourth-grade students by their science teachers' sex, science teachers' age, and jurisdiction: 2007

Jurisdiction Sex   Age
Male   s.e.   Female   s.e.   29 years or under   s.e.   30-39 years   s.e.   40-49 years   s.e.   50 years or older   s.e.
International average 21   0.5   79   0.5   16   0.5   30   0.6   30   0.6   24   0.5
                                               
Algeria 42   4.5   58   4.5   6 ! 1.9   45   4.6   44   4.4   5 ! 1.8
Armenia 15   3.3   85   3.3   15   3.0   20   3.2   26   3.2   39   4.4
Australia 23   3.7   77   3.7   21   3.8   17   3.0   30   3.9   32   3.3
Austria 12   2.2   88   2.2   9   2.1   19   2.5   37   3.0   34   2.9
Chinese Taipei 35   4.5   65   4.5   15   3.3   41   4.2   38   4.1   6 ! 2.0
                                               
Colombia 23   3.4   77   3.4   18   4.0   28   5.1   33   4.1   22   4.1
Czech Republic 9   2.1   91   2.1   11   2.5   26   2.8   38   3.1   25   3.0
Denmark 55   4.4   45   4.4   9   2.0   30   4.4   27   4.2   33   4.2
El Salvador 28   4.1   72   4.1   14   2.8   38   3.8   39   3.7   9   2.6
England 30   3.3   70   3.3   31   3.8   28   3.3   25   3.5   16   2.9
                                               
Georgia     99   0.6   7 ! 2.2   16   2.3   27   3.9   50   4.4
Germany 14   2.3   86   2.3   9   1.9   25   2.7   22   2.8   44   3.1
Hong Kong SAR1 29   3.7   71   3.7   38   4.4   33   4.4   18   3.3   11   2.9
Hungary 5 ! 1.7   95   1.7   5 ! 1.9   20   2.7   45   3.3   30   3.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. of 47   2.7   53   2.7   14   2.4   40   4.1   40   3.9   7   1.6
                                               
Italy 3 ! 0.9   97   0.9   4 ! 1.4   20   2.3   37   3.0   39   3.1
Japan 38   3.6   62   3.6   14   2.8   18   3.0   41   3.9   27   3.4
Kazakhstan 6   1.7   94   1.7   11   3.0   34   3.7   34   5.2   22   4.6
Kuwait2 12   2.6   88   2.6   55   4.8   37   4.7   7 ! 2.4    
Latvia #     100   #   6   1.7   31   3.6   34   3.1   29   3.4
                                               
Lithuania 2 ! 0.8   98   0.8       34   3.0   39   3.5   26   3.3
Morocco 53   3.8   47   3.8   16   3.0   29   3.5   36   3.9   18   3.0
Netherlands 42   4.1   58   4.1   24   3.5   19   3.1   15   3.0   42   3.9
New Zealand 24   2.4   76   2.4   28   2.6   28   2.3   23   2.1   20   2.4
Norway 18   2.4   82   2.4   10   2.0   28   2.8   20   2.6   42   2.9
                                               
Qatar 8   0.1   92   0.1   30   0.1   50   0.2   17   0.1   3   #
Russian Federation     99   0.9   7 ! 2.3   34   3.3   37   3.6   22   2.4
Scotland 8   2.2   92   2.2   23   3.7   21   2.8   23   2.8   33   3.4
Singapore 28   2.3   72   2.3   42   3.0   35   3.1   16   2.3   7   1.5
Slovak Republic 6   1.5   94   1.5   10   2.1   31   3.4   29   3.4   29   2.9
                                               
Slovenia 2 ! 0.7   98   0.7   14   1.9   21   2.4   48   3.0   17   2.5
Sweden 19   2.8   81   2.8   8   1.8   27   3.1   26   2.7   39   3.1
Tunisia 44   3.9   56   3.9   8   2.0   40   4.2   39   3.6   13   2.7
Ukraine #     100   #   8   1.8   32   3.7   38   3.9   22   2.8
United States 12   1.7   88   1.7   19   2.0   31   2.6   21   2.3   29   2.3
Yemen 76   3.7   24   3.7   29   4.5   66   4.9        
                                               
Benchmarking jurisdictions                                              
Alberta, Canada 19   3.0   81   3.0   16   3.1   27   3.9   29   4.2   28   3.5
British Columbia, Canada2 18   3.0   82   3.0   10   2.8   33   4.1   21   3.0   35   3.8
Dubai, UAE3 19   3.4   81   3.4   27   4.2   42   3.9   26   4.7   6 ! 2.9
Massachusetts, US 9 ! 3.1   91   3.1   21   3.7   27   6.0   24   5.5   28   5.9
Minnesota, US 25   6.7   75   6.7   13   3.8   24   5.7   23 ! 7.3   40   7.5
                                               
Ontario, Canada 17   3.3   83   3.3   14   3.2   34   5.0   29   5.0   23   4.3
Quebec, Canada 12   3.1   88   3.1   14   2.8   30   3.8   33   4.2   23   3.5
† Not applicable.
# Rounds to zero.
! Interpret data with caution. (Estimates are unstable.)
‡ Reporting standards not met.
1 Hong Kong is a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the People's Republic of China.
2 Data are available for at least 70 but less than 85 percent of students.
3 Data are available for at least 50 but less than 70 percent of students.
NOTE: Background data provided by teachers who provided science lessons to students. In the U.S. and most countries fourth-grade mathematics classrooms are the same as science classrooms. While most U.S. fourth-graders have one teacher for mathematics and science, there is a small proportion that have a different teacher for each subject. The international average is the average of the jurisdiction averages but does not include the benchmarking jurisdictions. Benchmarking jurisdictions are subnational entities that followed the same international guidelines as countries to participate in TIMSS. Apparent differences may not be statistically significant. Standard error is noted by s.e. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: Data from the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA), Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), 2007. Mullis, I.V.S., Martin, M.O., and Foy, P. (2008). TIMSS 2007 International Science Report: Findings from IEA's Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study at the Fourth and Eighth Grades, exhibit 6.1. Chestnut Hill, MA: Boston College PDF File (14MB).
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education