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Table C.2.02. IEA: Percentages of fourth-grade students by their reading teachers' sex, reading teachers' age, and jurisdiction: 2006

Jurisdiction Sex   Age
  Male   s.e.   Female   s.e.   29 years
or under
  s.e.   30-39
years
  s.e.   40-49
years
  s.e.   50 years
or older
  s.e.
International average   17   0.4   83   0.4   15   0.4   30   0.5   30   0.5   25   0.5
                                                 
Austria   12   2.1   88   2.1   6   1.7   17   2.5   39   3.0   38   3.2
Belgium (Flemish)   25   3.0   75   3.0   28   3.2   29   3.3   29   2.9   14   2.2
Belgium (French)   20   3.0   80   3.0   16   2.2   33   3.2   37   3.5   14   2.6
Bulgaria   6 ! 1.8   94   1.8   3 ! 1.4   26   2.8   40   4.0   31   3.9
Canada, Alberta   20   3.2   80   3.2   22   3.7   20   3.3   26   3.6   32   3.3
                                                 
Canada, British Columbia1   28   3.6   72   3.6   9   2.2   21   3.0   32   4.1   38   4.2
Canada, Nova Scotia   16   2.9   84   2.9   12   2.4   22   3.4   25   3.0   40   3.4
Canada, Ontario   25   4.8   75   4.8   18   3.9   42   5.2   21   4.3   20   4.3
Canada, Quebec   14   3.2   86   3.2   12   2.3   37   4.0   19   3.5   32   3.7
Chinese Taipei   17   3.2   83   3.2   24   3.7   44   4.1   27   3.5   5 ! 1.6
                                                 
Denmark   10   2.1   90   2.1   16   2.9   24   3.4   19   2.9   41   4.3
England   25   3.5   75   3.5   30   3.8   33   4.1   14   2.9   23   3.7
France   29   3.3   71   3.3   17   2.9   31   3.0   34   3.4   18   2.6
Georgia   #     100   0.3   9   1.6   28   3.4   24   3.4   39   3.6
Germany   11   2.4   89   2.4   5 ! 1.7   23   2.9   22   3.0   49   3.8
                                                 
Hong Kong SAR2   22   3.7   78   3.7   29   4.2   33   4.1   19   3.5   19   2.6
Hungary       97   1.6   6 ! 2.1   21   3.1   48   3.7   24   3.5
Iceland   7   0.2   93   0.2   13   0.3   31   0.4   35   0.4   22   0.3
Indonesia   44   3.9   56   3.9   13   2.2   31   4.1   39   3.9   17   3.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. of   50   2.3   50   2.3   8   1.6   44   3.6   41   3.5   7   1.9
                                                 
Israel   8   1.9   92   1.9   8   1.8   41   4.0   33   4.1   18   3.4
Italy       98   1.1       14   2.5   37   3.5   47   3.6
Kuwait   14   2.3   86   2.3   36   3.8   48   3.8   15   3.1   1   #
Latvia   1   #   99   0.6   7   2.0   30   3.6   34   3.6   29   3.4
Lithuania       99   0.5       35   3.4   40   3.2   23   3.2
                                                 
Luxembourg   45   0.2   55   0.2   32   0.2   24   0.1   16   0.1   27   0.1
Macedonia, Rep. of   30   3.5   70   3.5   5 ! 1.7   24   3.4   40   4.1   31   4.2
Moldova, Rep. of   10   2.8   90   2.8   8   2.3   23   3.7   36   4.3   33   4.2
Morocco   44   4.0   56   4.0   18   3.0   25   3.5   40   3.4   17   2.9
Netherlands   32   3.4   68   3.4   26   3.5   19   3.0   19   3.5   36   4.0
                                                 
New Zealand   23   2.7   77   2.7   22   2.1   28   2.6   26   2.4   25   2.4
Norway   9   1.9   91   1.9   9 ! 2.7   28   3.3   29   3.9   35   3.9
Poland   #     100   0.3       31   3.4   58   4.0   8   2.3
Qatar1   10   0.1   90   0.1   27   0.2   54   0.3   16   0.2   3   0.1
Romania   11   2.4   89   2.4   18   3.1   25   3.3   27   3.5   30   3.2
                                                 
Russian Federation       98   1.1   6   1.6   38   3.7   35   3.5   21   2.8
Scotland   4 ! 1.6   96   1.6   26   3.8   19   2.8   18   3.5   37   4.2
Singapore   25   2.2   75   2.2   37   2.6   42   3.0   16   2.4   6   1.0
Slovak Republic   7   1.7   93   1.7   13   2.4   37   3.5   25   2.7   25   3.2
Slovenia       98   1.1   12   2.2   24   2.9   44   3.0   19   2.4
                                                 
South Africa   29   2.5   71   2.5   4 ! 1.2   44   2.8   32   2.9   20   2.3
Spain   22   3.6   78   3.6   11   2.4   16   2.6   25   3.4   49   3.8
Sweden   16   2.8   84   2.8   9   1.7   29   3.3   24   2.9   38   3.6
Trinidad and Tobago   18   3.0   82   3.0   11   2.5   37   3.6   28   3.3   24   3.0
United States   15   2.7   85   2.7   21   2.8   27   2.8   28   3.7   25   3.4
† Not applicable.
# Rounds to zero.
! Interpret data with caution. (Estimates are unstable.)
‡ Reporting standards not met.
1 Data are available for 70 percent to 84 percent of the students.
2 Hong Kong is a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the People's Republic of China.
NOTE: Background data are provided by teacher reports. Data for Canada, Ontario include only public schools. The International average does not include the results from the Canadian provinces. Apparent differences may not be statistically significant. Standard error is noted by s.e. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: Data from the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA), Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS), 2006. Mullis, I.V.S., Martin, M.O., Kennedy, A.M., and Foy, P. (2007). PIRLS 2006 International Report, exhibit 6.3. Chestnut Hill, MA: Boston College PDF File (42290KB).
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