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Table C.1.11b. IEA: Percentage distribution and average mathematics achievement of eighth-grade students as reported in TIMSS, by the Index of mathematics teachers' perception of safety in school (TPSS) and country: 2007
Country, ordered by high TPSS High TPSS   Medium TPSS   Low TPSS
2007
percent
of students
  Average
achievement
  Difference
in percent
from 2003
  2007
percent
of students
  Average
achievement
  Difference
in percent
from 2003
  2007
percent
of students
  Average
achievement
  Difference
in percent
from 2003
Percent s.e.   Score s.e.   Percent   s.e.     Percent   s.e.   Score s.e.   Percent   s.e.     Percent   s.e.   Score s.e.   Percent   s.e.  
International Avg. 77 0.5   454 0.6         18   0.4   440 1.5         5   0.2   435 2.8      
                                                                     
Norway 94 1.4   469 1.9   6 ! 2.9   6   1.4   460 7.2   -6 ! 2.9   #       #    
Singapore 93 1.2   597 4.0         6   1.1   539 16.3                  
Hungary 91 2.1   517 3.8         7   1.7   527 12.2                  
Indonesia 91 2.7   407 4.9         8 ! 2.6   402 16.3                  
Qatar 90 0.1   308 1.3         8   0.1   294 4.5         1   #        
                                                                     
Australia 89 2.0   504 3.8   8 ! 3.9     10   1.8   448 11.9                  
Hong Kong SAR 89 2.8   581 6.0   10 ! 4.5   10   2.6   509 24.4   -11 ! 4.4            
Kuwait1 89 2.8   358 2.7         8 ! 2.6   343 10.2         4 ! 1.5   357 14.1      
Lithuania 89 2.4   507 2.6         8   2.0   488 8.3         3 ! 1.4   496 11.6      
Czech Republic 89 2.7   505 2.8         11   2.7   492 3.4         #          
                                                                     
Thailand 88 2.4   442 5.7         10   2.4   452 15.3         3   0.8   402 11.7      
Oman 87 3.1   375 3.5         12   3.2   353 12.5                  
Egypt 87 2.7   393 3.6   #       11   2.6   381 13.9         2 ! 0.8        
Georgia 87 3.9   411 5.7         12 ! 3.8   406 24.9         1   #        
Syrian Arab Republic 87 3.0   396 4.1         11   2.8   393 14.6                  
                                                                     
Bahrain 87 1.7   397 1.8         12   1.7   392 5.3         2   #     #    
Ukraine 86 2.9   463 4.3         13   2.8   458 10.1         #          
Bosnia and Herzegovina 85 3.2   456 3.0         11   2.6   460 8.4             465 12.9      
Israel1 85 2.5   473 5.6         13   2.3   422 10.4         3 ! 1.2   444 27.6      
Sweden 83 2.4   494 2.5         16   2.4   478 5.8         #       #    
                                                                     
Bulgaria 81 3.2   464 5.8   12 ! 4.9   17   3.0   462 10.9   -10 ! 4.6            
Lebanon 80 3.5   458 5.2         18   3.7   415 7.6                  
England1 79 3.3   518 5.2         18   2.9   493 14.0                  
Russian Federation 79 2.7   513 4.9   18   4.4   19   2.6   513 9.1   -16   4.5            
Malaysia 79 3.4   478 5.9         18   3.2   456 11.0         4 ! 1.6   465 28.2      
                                                                     
Tunisia 79 3.7   421 2.9         16   3.1   418 5.7         6 ! 1.9   426 8.9      
Italy 78 2.9   482 3.4   10 ! 4.4   18   2.6   472 7.3         4 ! 1.3   463 10.7      
United States 78 2.2   515 3.3         19   2.2   488 7.2         3 ! 0.9   482 17.7   3 ! 1.0
Serbia 77 3.4   487 3.6         20   3.2   476 8.2         3 ! 1.2   500 32.0      
Slovenia 77 2.4   503 2.7         20   2.1   493 5.1         3 ! 0.9   507 14.2      
                                                                     
Cyprus 77 2.3   465 2.0         20   2.3   465 5.2         3 ! 0.9   475 7.9   #    
Saudi Arabia 77 3.2   332 3.3         18   2.9   315 6.5         5 ! 1.7   326 8.0      
Jordan 77 3.3   429 5.1         17   3.1   424 8.9         6 ! 2.0   417 20.8   #    
Iran, Islamic Rep. of 77 2.9   409 4.6         18   2.9   390 9.5         6   1.7   367 16.7      
Romania 75 3.7   468 4.6         21   3.4   442 10.0         4 ! 1.4   458 14.6      
                                                                     
Turkey 72 4.0   438 6.3         20   3.4   415 8.9         7 ! 2.4   414 12.7      
Scotland 72 3.5   488 4.5   13 ! 5.4   27   3.5   485 8.6                  
Korea, Rep. of2 70 3.3   599 3.5   19   4.9   25   3.0   596 5.5   -11 ! 4.6   6   1.7   581 11.5   -8 ! 3.3
Chinese Taipei 69 4.3   600 5.6         27   4.1   594 8.9   #       4 ! 1.5   599 19.4   #    
Palestinian Nat'l Auth. 68 3.8   372 4.3   17 ! 6.0   24   3.5   355 8.7   -12 ! 5.5   8   2.2   352 19.1      
                                                                     
Japan 68 3.9   575 3.0   14 ! 5.6   25   3.6   568 4.9         7 ! 2.3   538 13.8      
Malta 65 0.2   498 1.3         23   0.2   462 2.4         12   0.1   489 3.3      
Algeria 62 4.4   384 3.1         28   4.0   390 3.3         9   2.4   396 5.8      
El Salvador 58 4.1   342 4.2         26   4.1   338 7.2         16   3.2   335 5.7      
Colombia 52 4.9   383 5.4         35   5.7   382 7.5         13   3.4   362 9.3      
                                                                     
Ghana 41 3.8   328 7.7         43   4.1   299 7.0         16   3.0   280 9.6      
Botswana 37 4.2   369 4.5   15 ! 5.6   39   4.6   365 4.9         24   3.6   354 4.7      
Armenia 35 3.6   497 4.8   -42   4.8   29   4.0   499 5.4         36   3.6   500 7.0   34   3.7
Morocco                                
                                                                     
Benchmarking Participants                                                                    
Dubai, UAE2 95 2.6   460 3.1             418 16.8         #          
Basque Country, Spain 89 2.3   502 3.1   16 ! 5.3   11   2.3   483 8.9   -15 ! 5.3   #          
Ontario, Canada 86 3.2   521 3.4         13   3.1   494 13.4         1 ! 0.4        
British Columbia, Canada 86 3.1   511 3.7         14   3.1   512 10.6         #          
Minnesota, US1 84 6.2   533 5.9         15 ! 6.0   530 28.2         1   0.1        
                                                                     
Quebec, Canada 83 3.1   535 4.1   -10 ! 3.7   16   3.0   502 9.9   10 ! 3.7   2 ! 0.9     #    
Massachusetts, US 77 4.6   551 6.7         21   4.3   538 15.7                  
— Not available.
† Not applicable.
# Rounds to zero.
! Interpret data with caution, estimates are unstable. The coefficient of variation is greater than or equal to .3 but less than .5.
‡ Reporting standards not met. Either data are insufficient to report achievement or the coefficient of variation is greater than or equal to .5.
∆ 2007 percent significantly higher at the p<0.05 level.
▼ 2007 percent significantly lower at the p<0.05 level.
1 Data are available for at least 70 percent but less than 85 percent of students.
2 Data are available for at least 50 percent but less than 70 percent of students.
NOTE: Index of mathematics teachers' perception of safety in school (TPSS) based on teachers' responses to three statements about their schools: this school is located in a safe neighborhood; I feel safe at this school; and this school's security policies and practices are sufficient. High level indicates that the teacher agrees a lot or agrees to all three statements. Low level indicates that teacher disagrees or disagrees a lot to all three statements. Medium level includes all other combinations of responses. Standard error is noted by s.e. Detail may not sum to total due to rounding.
SOURCE: Data from the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA), Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), 2007. Mullis, I.V.S., Martin, M.O., and Foy, P. (2008). TIMSS 2007 International Mathematics Report: Findings from IEA's Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study at the Fourth and Eighth Grades, exhibit 8.13. Chestnut Hill, MA: Boston College.
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education