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Table C.1.10b. IEA: Percentage distribution and average science achievement of eighth-grade students as reported in TIMSS, by the Index of science teachers' perception of safety in school (TPSS) and country: 2007
Country, ordered by high TPSS High TPSS   Medium TPSS   Low TPSS
2007
percent
of students
  Average
achievement
  Difference
in percent
from 2003
  2007
percent
of students
  Average
achievement
  Difference
in percent
from 2003
  2007
percent
of students
  Average
achievement
  Difference
in percent
from 2003
Percent s.e.   Score s.e.   Percent   s.e.     Percent   s.e.   Score s.e.   Percent   s.e.     Percent   s.e.   Score s.e.   Percent   s.e.  
International Avg. 76 0.4   469 0.6         18   0.4   457 1.3         6   0.2   441 2.3      
                                                                     
Norway 94 1.6   487 2.2   13   3.3   5 ! 1.5   480 9.0   -13   3.2   1   #     1   #  
Singapore 94 1.2   568 4.8         6   1.1   557 16.0                  
Hong Kong SAR 92 2.7   529 5.1         7 ! 2.6   540 23.6                  
Hungary 91 1.6   539 3.0   7 ! 2.7   8   1.3   543 10.0   -6 ! 2.4   2 ! 0.6        
Czech Republic 90 1.8   539 2.1         9   1.7   534 5.8         1 ! 0.4        
                                                                     
Oman 89 2.7   427 3.0         10   2.6   392 13.5                  
Syrian Arab Republic 89 2.4   455 2.9         10   2.2   422 11.9                  
Indonesia 88 2.6   439 4.2         11   2.7   406 11.1         1   #        
Qatar 87 0.1   316 1.9         12   0.1   335 3.9         1   #        
Georgia 87 2.3   421 5.3         8   1.6   418 6.0         5   1.2   417 10.9      
                                                                     
Kuwait1 86 3.1   417 3.9         12   2.9   411 13                  
Ukraine 86 2.1   486 3.6         13   2.0   483 8.5                  
Australia1 86 2.4   521 4.6   15   4.3   13   2.1   498 6.9   -14   4.1   2 ! 0.9        
Egypt 85 3.1   408 3.9         14   3.0   417 8.4                  
Thailand 84 3.1   473 5.0         14   3.0   456 8.9         2 ! 0.9        
                                                                     
Israel1 83 2.9   478 5.7         13   2.4   427 14.9             434 22.3      
Malaysia 83 3.2   473 6.4         14   3.1   455 15.3                  
Cyprus1 82 0.7   451 2.2   8   1.5   15   0.6   451 3.5   -7   1.4   3   0.4   432 11.7      
Lithuania 82 2.1   518 2.7         14   1.8   524 4.9         3   0.8   507 8      
Sweden 82 2.7   514 2.7         18   2.7   492 5.9         #          
                                                                     
Bosnia and Herzegovina 82 1.6   466 3.0         15   1.3   465 4.7         4   1.0   464 8.5      
Iran, Islamic Rep. of 80 3.2   466 4.3         15   2.7   432 7.6   -9 ! 4.3   6 ! 1.8   432 9.8      
Slovenia 79 2.2   537 2.6   7 ! 3.4   18   2.1   540 2.7         3 ! 1.1   535 9.5      
Serbia 79 2.2   470 3.4         18   2.0   477 4.9         4   1.1   453 14.7   -4 ! 1.7
Romania 78 2.2   465 4.3   #       19   2.1   446 5.3         3   0.7   470 8.2   #    
                                                                     
Russian Federation 78 2.3   530 4.1   18   3.2   21   2.1   528 5.4   -13   3.2            
Bahrain 78 1.9   469 2.5         21   1.9   462 6.0   #       1   #     -4 ! 1.6
Italy 78 2.9   498 3.2   10 ! 4.4   18   2.6   488 7.2         4 ! 1.3   480 11.4      
Turkey 77 3.7   460 4.3         17   3.3   433 8.5         5 ! 1.9   431 20.2      
Bulgaria 77 2.9   469 7.3         18   2.5   464 9.8         4 ! 1.3   482 21.3      
                                                                     
England2 77 3.0   550 5.1   15 ! 5.8   21   2.8   523 8.7   -13 ! 5.7   2 ! 0.8        
Saudi Arabia 77 3.7   409 2.9         19   3.4   380 7.8         4 ! 1.5   381 10.3      
Lebanon 76 3.5   422 6.2         19   3.1   387 16.7         5 ! 1.6   371 20.5      
Jordan 75 3.8   486 5.2         19   3.2   467 8.7         7 ! 2.2   476 12.8      
United States1 73 2.3   531 3.5   -7 ! 3.3   23   2.2   493 6.7         4 ! 1.3   452 14.1      
                                                                     
Tunisia 72 3.5   445 2.7         23   3.1   445 3.6         5 ! 1.8   429 7.3   #    
Korea, Rep. of1 72 3.6   555 2.2   22   5.0   23   3.5   544 4.1   -20   4.9   5 ! 1.7   562 6.4      
Palestinian Nat'l Auth. 72 3.7   411 4.6   17 ! 5.6   16   3.2   399 9.1         12   2.6   364 11.1      
Scotland2 69 3.0   497 4.4         29   2.8   494 6.9         3 ! 0.9   485 22.8      
Malta 67 0.4   459 1.7         25   0.3   452 2.2         8   0.1   387 3.8      
                                                                     
Algeria 65 3.4   410 2.2         25   3.1   404 3.0         9   2.1   412 4.5      
Japan 63 4.5   559 3.0         29   4.0   549 5.6         8   2.3   540 6.6      
Chinese Taipei 62 4.6   557 4.9         31   4.3   569 5.8         7   1.9   540 11.4      
El Salvador 59 3.9   386 4.5         28   3.9   392 5.8         14   2.8   378 9.2      
Colombia 56 4.1   426 4.8         30   4.4   408 6.3         14   3.1   395 7.7      
                                                                     
Ghana 39 4.0   328 ###         42   4.2   293 9.0         18   3.0   273 10      
Botswana 39 4.3   365 5.6         41   4.8   344 5.3         20   3.5   354 7.7   #    
Armenia1 36 2.5   490 5.2   -30   3.9   21   1.8   481 5.7   -9 ! 3.1   43   2.5   489 9.9   38   2.8
Morocco                                
Benchmarking Participants                                                                    
Dubai, UAE2 99 0.7   487 3.2         1   #           #          
British Columbia, Canada1 87 2.5   528 3.0         13   2.5   519 9.4         #          
Ontario, Canada 84 3.6   532 3.0         16   3.5   499 12.6         1 ! 0.4        
Quebec, Canada 83 3.6   516 4.5         15   3.4   491 8.5                  
Basque Country, Spain 82 4.3   500 3.6         17   4.1   486 8.9                  
                                                                     
Minnesota, US 72 6.3   543 4.0         28   6.3   519 14.3         #          
Massachusetts, US 71 5.0   570 4.7         29   5.0   512 13.7         #          
— Not available.
† Not applicable.
# Rounds to zero.
! Interpret data with caution, estimates are unstable. The coefficient of variation is greater than or equal to .3 but less than .5.
‡ Reporting standards not met. Either data are insufficient to report achievement or the coefficient of variation is greater than or equal to .5.
∆ 2007 percent significantly higher at the p<0.05 level.
▼ 2007 percent significantly lower at the p<0.05 level.
1 Data are available for at least 70 percent but less than 85 percent of students.
2 Data are available for at least 50 percent but less than 70 percent of students.
NOTE: Index of science teachers' perception of safety in school (TPSS) based on teachers' responses to three statements about their schools: this school is located in a safe neighborhood; I feel safe at this school; and this school's security policies and practices are sufficient. High level indicates that the teacher agrees a lot or agrees to all three statements. Low level indicates that teacher disagrees or disagrees a lot to all three statements. Medium level includes all other combinations of responses. Standard error is noted by s.e. Detail may not sum to total due to rounding.
SOURCE: Data from the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA), Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), 2007. Mullis, I.V.S., Martin, M.O., and Foy, P. (2008). TIMSS 2007 International Science Report: Findings from IEA's Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study at the Fourth and Eighth Grades, exhibit 8.14. Chestnut Hill, MA: Boston College.
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education