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Table C.1.07a. IEA: Percentage distribution and average science achievement scores of fourth-grade students as reported in TIMSS, by the Index of principals' perception of school climate (PPSC) and country: 2007
Country, ordered by high PPSC High PPSC   Medium PPSC   Low PPSC
2007
percent
of students
  Average
achievement
  Difference
in percent
from 2003
  2007
percent
of students
  Average
achievement
  Difference
in percent
from 2003
  2007
percent
of students
  Average
achievement
  Difference
in percent
from 2003
 
Percent   s.e.   Score s.e.   Percent   s.e.     Percent s.e.   Score s.e.   Percent   s.e.     Percent   s.e.   Score s.e.   Percent   s.e.  
International Avg. 22   0.5   491 2.3         68 0.6   474 0.8         10   0.4   444 2.6      
                                                                     
Chinese Taipei 64   3.7   558 2.8         35 3.6   557 3.2                  
Australia 50   4.2   545 4.6         47 3.8   512 4.4                  
New Zealand 49   3.2   525 4.0   #       47 3.0   487 4.5   #       4 ! 1.2   478 11.6   #    
Scotland 48   4.8   505 3.6         51 4.8   497 4.3         #          
United States 48   3.0   559 3.9   #       46 3.1   525 3.5         6   1.5   474 10.9      
                                                                     
England1 45   4.5   549 4.4         47 4.6   538 4.3   -17 ! 6.8   8   2.3   516 7.3   6 ! 2.7
Austria 36   3.1   532 4.2         62 3.1   521 2.8                  
Singapore 36   #   605 6.6         62 #   578 4.8         2   #        
Iran, Islamic Rep. of 31   3.8   449 9.6         64 3.8   429 6.1         5 ! 1.7   433 12.8      
Kazakhstan 29   5.4   532 10.9         65 5.7   535 5.7         5 ! 2.3   513 37.7      
                                                                     
Sweden 27   3.6   532 4.4         66 4.0   526 3.5         6 ! 2.6   480 9.7      
Hong Kong SAR 27   3.9   554 6.4         69 4.2   555 4.1         5 ! 2.0   531 17.7      
El Salvador 26   4.1   418 11.4         60 4.4   377 4.8         14   3.1   388 12.2      
Denmark 26   3.9   533 4.5         69 4.1   514 3.8         5 ! 2.1   485 17.4      
Qatar 24   0.2   325 4.1         69 0.2   279 2.4         7   0.1   335 5.2      
                                                                     
Norway 21   3.8   484 5.8         78 3.9   473 4.0                  
Kuwait 18   2.9   359 13.6         73 3.5   352 5.6         9   2.3   298 12.5      
Slovenia 18   3.7   517 6.8   10 ! 4.2   78 3.8   519 2.2         4 ! 1.7   522 9.4      
Lithuania 15   3.0   524 4.4   -10 ! 4.6   81 3.3   514 2.8         4 ! 1.4   493 3.9      
Morocco1 13   3.8   337 32.4   10 ! 4.0   56 5.0   301 9.1   16 ! 6.9   31   3.9   268 12.7   -25   6.1
                                                                     
Germany 13   2.6   541 4.4         78 3.0   531 2.6         9   2.0   489 10.6      
Hungary 12   3.0   573 8.9         78 4.0   537 3.7         10 ! 3.1   489 11.2      
Colombia 12   2.6   452 10.4         63 5.0   398 6.8         25   4.8   386 13.3      
Italy 12   2.7   534 8.2         81 2.9   536 3.3         8   1.8   531 16.5      
Netherlands1 11   2.6   534 10.6         84 3.1   522 3.3         5 ! 2.1   483 10.6      
                                                                     
Yemen 11   2.7   227 14.2         71 3.8   199 8.3         18   3.6   174 16.3      
Japan 10   2.6   551 5.7         84 3.0   548 2.1         7   1.9   540 5.5      
Russian Federation 9   2.0   568 9.9   5 ! 2.3   83 3.1   546 4.9         8 ! 2.5   524 20.2      
Tunisia 9   2.5   371 22.4   #       66 3.9   327 6.3   17 ! 5.5   25   3.6   273 13.5   -17 ! 5.3
Algeria 7 ! 2.1   353 12.6         65 4.4   355 8.3         28   4.1   346 10.7      
                                                                     
Armenia1 5 ! 1.8   502 43.1         72 3.7   484 6.7         23   3.5   482 14.9      
Slovak Republic 4 ! 1.5   574 9.7         69 3.4   531 3.8         27   3.4   501 11.9      
Ukraine 3 ! 1.3   475 19.3         93 2.3   475 3.0         5 ! 1.9   445 25.6      
Latvia             84 3.2   544 2.5         14   3.2   537 5.6      
Georgia             73 4.0   424 5.5         26   4.1   401 8.9      
                                                                     
Czech Republic 1   #           79 3.8   517 3.4         21   3.9   508 6.6      
                                                                     
Benchmarking Participants                                                                    
Massachusetts, US 70   7.8   579 5.8         30 7.9   554 9.5                  
Dubai, UAE1 60   0.4   466 4.0         37 0.4   456 6.0         4   0.3   435 5.6      
Alberta, Canada 58   4.4   552 4.5         39 4.3   533 4.3             492 18.7      
Minnesota, US 54   9.4   561 10.9         46 9.4   548 9.5         #          
British Columbia, Canada 45   4.6   548 5.2         49 4.3   530 3.7         6 ! 1.8   504 9.8      
                                                                     
Ontario, Canada 41   5.0   548 4.9         50 5.1   533 4.9         9   2.3   496 15.0      
Quebec, Canada 17   3.1   532 5.1         82 3.3   514 3.3   12 ! 5.1            
— Not available.
† Not applicable.
# Rounds to zero.
! Interpret data with caution, estimates are unstable. The coefficient of variation is greater than or equal to .3 but less than .5.
‡ Reporting standards not met. Either data are insufficient to report achievement or the coefficient of variation is greater than or equal to .5.
∆ 2007 percent significantly higher at the p<0.05 level.
▼ 2007 percent significantly lower at the p<0.05 level.
1 Indicates data are available for at least 70 percent but less than 85 percent of the students.
NOTE: Index of principals' perception of school climate (PPSC) based on principals’ responses to eight questions about their schools: teachers' job satisfaction; teachers' understanding of the school's curricular goals; teachers' degree of success in implementing the school's curriculum; teachers' expectations for student achievement; parental support for student achievement; parental involvement in school activities; students' regard for school property; and students' desire to do well in school. Average is computed based on a 5-point scale: 1 = very high; 2 = high; 3 = medium; 4 = low; and 5 = very low. High level indicates average is less than or equal to 2. Medium level indicates that average is greater than 2 and less or equal to .3. Low level indicates average is greater than 3. The primary education systems of the Russian Federation and Slovenia underwent structural changes. (In 2001, the Russian Federation sample contained both third- and fourth-grade students; in 2006, however, all students were in fourth grade. Slovenia is in transition towards having all children begin school at an earlier age so that instead of having three years of primary schooling, as was the case in 2001, they all will have four years. This transition was not complete in 2006, however.) Standard error is noted by s.e. Detail may not sum to total due to rounding.
SOURCE: Data from the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA), Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), 2007. Mullis, I.V.S., Martin, M.O., and Foy, P. (2008). TIMSS 2007 International Science Report: Findings from IEA's Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study at the Fourth and Eighth Grades, exhibit 8.12. Chestnut Hill, MA: Boston College.
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education