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Table C.1.02. Pupils per teacher in public and private elementary and secondary schools, by level of education and country: Selected years, 1985 through 2007

  Elementary   Junior high school (lower secondary)   Senior high school (upper secondary)  
Country 1985   1990   2000   2003   2004   2005   2006   2007     1985 1990 2000   2003   2004   2005   2006   2007     1985 1990 2000   2003   2004   2005   2006   2007    
OECD average     17.7   16.5   16.9   16.7   16.2   16.0     15.0   14.3   13.7   13.7   13.3   13.2     13.9   13.0   12.7   13.0   12.4   12.5    
                                                                                               
OECD countries                                                                                              
Australia 13.8 1    17.3   16.6   16.4   16.2   16.0   15.9                   3.2   12.4 2,3  12.3 2,3  12.1 2,3  12.2 2,3  12.1 2,3   
Austria 11.3   11.6     14.4   15.1   14.1   13.9   13.6     9.2 7.7   10.0   10.4   10.6   10.4   10.3     15.2 12.4   10.2   11.0   11.3   11.3   11.0    
Belgium     15.0 4  13.1   12.9   12.8   12.6   12.6 5      10.6   10.6   9.4   9.4   9.2 5    9.7 3,6   9.6 6  9.2 6  9.9 6  10.2 6  10.2 5,6   
Canada 18.1   17.1   18.1               16.0 15.5 18.1               16.0 15.3 19.5           16.4 1,3,4,7   
Czech Republic (8)   (8)   19.7   18.3   17.9   17.5   17.3   18.7     (8) (8) 14.7   14.3   13.5   13.5   12.3   12.3     (8) (8) 11.5   12.6   12.6   12.8   11.9   12.3    
                                                                                               
Denmark 12.7   11.2   10.4               10.2 9.3 11.4   10.8 7  11.3 7  11.9 7  11.4 7  11.2 7    14.8 13.3 14.4   13.4            
Finland     16.9   16.6   16.3   15.9   15.0   15.0     10.7   9.8   10.0   10.0   9.7   9.9     17.0 6,9  15.9 6,9  16.2 6,9  18.0 6,9  15.8 6,9  15.9 6   
France     19.8   19.4   19.4   19.4   19.3 5  19.7 5    14.7   13.7   14.1   14.2   14.1 5  14.3 5    10.4   10.6   10.3   10.3   9.7 5  9.6 5   
Germany10 20.7   20.3   19.8   18.7   18.8   18.8   18.7   18.3     16.9 14.6 15.7   15.6   15.6   15.5   15.5   15.2     23.7 21.0 13.9   13.7   13.9   14.0   14.3   14.3    
Greece     13.4   12.1   11.3   11.1   10.6   10.1     10.8   8.7   8.2   7.9   8.0   7.7     10.5   8.6   8.4   8.8   8.3   7.3    
                                                                                               
Hungary     10.9   10.6   10.7   10.6   10.4   10.2     10.9   10.6   10.2   10.4   10.2   10.2     11.4 6  13.2   12.3   12.2   12.3   12.1    
Iceland                   12.7 7  11.3 7  11.4 7  11.3 7  10.6 7  10.4 7    9.7   10.7 6  11.1   10.8 6  10.8 6  10.2 6   
Ireland     21.5   18.7   18.3   17.9   19.4   17.9 1                  7.2 8.3 15.9 3,6  13.7 3,6  14.3 3,6  15.5 3,6  14.6 3,6  13.2 1,3,6   
Italy 12.8   10.7   11.0   10.9   10.7   10.6   10.7   10.5     9.6 8.5 10.4   10.3   10.3   10.1   10.3   9.4     10.8 10.7 10.2   10.8   11.5   11.0   11.0   10.8    
Japan   20.8 1  20.9   19.9   19.6   19.4   19.2   19.0     18.6 16.8   15.7   15.3   15.1   14.9   14.8     16.2 14.0   13.5 6  13.2 6  13.0 6  12.7 6  12.5 6   
                                                                                               
Korea, Republic of     32.1   30.2   29.1   28.0   26.7   25.6     21.5   19.9   20.4   20.8   20.8   20.5     20.9   16.0   15.9   16.0   15.9   16.2    
Luxembourg     15.9 1  10.8 1      11.3 1  11.2 1                  9.2 1,3  9.0 1,3  9.0 1,3  9.0 1,3  9.0 1,3,6  9.0 1,3   
Mexico     27.2   26.7   28.5   28.3   28.0   28.0     34.8   32.4   33.7   33.7   33.4   33.3     26.5   24.0   25.2   25.8   25.4   25.7    
Netherlands 20.2   19.2   16.8 4  16.0 4  15.9 4  15.9 4  15.3 4  15.6 4    12.7 12.4               17.1 3  15.7 3  15.8 3  16.2 3  15.8 3,6  15.7 3,6   
New Zealand 20.1   19.1   20.6   19.9   16.7   18.1   17.7   17.5     19.9   18.8   17.3   16.8   16.6   16.2     13.1   10.9   12.5   12.9   12.7   13.3    
                                                                                               
Norway     12.4   11.7 1  11.9 1    10.9 1  11.0 1    9.9   10.4 1  10.5 1    10.2 1  10.2 1    9.7   9.2 1,6  9.6 1,6    9.7 1,6  9.8 1,6   
Poland     12.7   11.9     11.7   11.5   11.0     11.5   12.6     12.7   12.6   12.4     16.9   13.5     12.9   12.8   12.2    
Portugal     12.1     11.1   10.8   10.6   11.8     10.4     10.0   8.2   8.3   7.9     7.9     7.3   8.0   7.5 6  8.4 6   
Slovak Republic (8)   (8)   18.3   19.4   18.9   18.9   18.6   17.9     (8) (8) 13.5   13.9   13.9   14.1   13.7   13.9     (8) (8) 12.8   14.0   14.2   14.3   14.2   14.1    
Spain 26.8   21.2   14.9   14.3   14.3   14.3   14.2   13.6     21.4 18.8   13.3   12.9   12.5   12.5   11.7     15.3 14.8 11.9 3  7.9   8.0   8.1   7.8   7.7    
                                                                                               
Sweden 11.6   10.6   12.8   12.3   12.1   12.2   12.1   12.3     10.8 10.2 12.8   12.1   11.9   12.0   11.4   11.5     13.1 11.9 15.2   14.1   14.0   14.0   13.8   13.6    
Switzerland         14.3 1  14.6 1  15.1 1  14.8 1        11.2 1  11.7 1  12.3 1  12.3 1        11.1 1  10.5 1,2  10.5 1,2  10.6 1,2   
Turkey 31.1   30.6   30.5   25.9   26.5   25.8   26.7   26.2     41.3 48.4               11.0 12.1 14.0   18.0   16.9   16.2   15.8   16.2    
United Kingdom 19.7   22.0   21.2   20.0   21.1   20.7   19.8   19.4     18.5 17.6 2  17.4   17.1   17.0   16.7   16.7     11.1 13.9 12.5 2  12.6 2  12.3 2,6  11.8 2,6  11.6 2,6  11.3 2,6   
United States 17.0   15.6   15.8   15.5   15.0   14.9   14.6   14.6     16.5 15.9 16.3   15.5   15.2   15.1   14.7   14.7     16.2 15.8 14.1   15.6   16.0   16.0   15.7   15.6    
Non-OECD countries                                                                                              
Brazil         23.5   22.9   22.5   25.8         18.8   18.1   17.6   22.3         18.3   17.6   17.0   20.2    
Chile       33.9   27.1   25.9   25.5   24.7       33.5   44.3   25.9   25.5   24.7       32.3   26.8   26.6   26.3   25.7    
Estonia (8)   (8)           14.1   14.4     (8) (8)         12.3   11.4     (8) (8)         13.3   12.2 6   
Israel       20.9   16.9   17.3   17.2   16.4       13.4   14.1   13.4   14.1   12.4       12.9   12.2   13.4   13.2   11.8    
Russian Federation (8)   (8)     17.0   17.0       17.0 1    (8) (8)               (8) (8)   8.5 3  10.3 3,6  11.2 6,11  9.9 3,6,11  8.8 3,6,11,12   
Slovenia (8)   (8)         15.0   14.9   15.2     (8) (8)       11.1   10.2   9.5     (8) (8)       14.6   14.0 6  13.9 6   
— Not available.
† Not applicable.
1Public schools only.
2Includes only general programs.
3Includes junior high school data.
4Includes preprimary data.
5Excludes independent private institutions.
6Includes postsecondary non-higher-education.
7Includes elementary school data.
8Country did not exist in its current form in the given year.
9Includes tertiary type B education (i.e., occupation-specific education corresponding to that offered at the associate's degree level in the United States).
10Data for 1985 are for the former West Germany.
11Excludes general programs.
12Excludes part-time personnel in public institutions.
NOTE: In the U.S. data in this table, elementary school corresponds to grades 1 through 6, junior high school corresponds to grades 7 through 9, and senior high school corresponds to grades 10 through 12.
SOURCE: Data from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Snyder, T.D., and Dillow, S.A. (2010). Digest of Education Statistics 2009 (NCES 2010-013), table 401. National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S Department of Education. Washington, DC.
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education