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Table B.4.11. OECD: Percentage distribution of men ages 25-64, by level of earnings, country, and educational attainment: 2009
Country Year Educational attainment Level of earnings Percentage
of the
population
with no
earnings
from work
At or
below
half of
the median
More than
half the
median
but at
or below
the median
More than
the median
but at
or below
1.5 times
the median
More than
1.5 times
the median
but at
or below
2.0 times
the median
More than
twice the
median
All
categories
OECD average Below upper secondary 16.6 44.0 27.6 7.3 4.6 100.0 30.2
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 9.3 32.3 34.2 13.4 10.8 100.0 17.3
    Tertiary-type B education 7.6 19.5 32.3 19.8 20.8 100.0 12.9
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs 6.6 11.8 23.4 20.4 37.8 100.0 10.3
    All levels of education 9.7 29.2 30.5 14.3 16.2 100.0 18.3
OECD countries                  
Australia 2009 Below upper secondary 8.3 49.3 26.3 11.2 4.9 100.0 41.3
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 6.4 36.1 34.2 14.1 9.3 100.0 30.7
    Tertiary-type B education 7.0 23.7 29.2 24.1 15.9 100.0 27.1
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs 4.6 15.6 26.2 25.1 28.5 100.0 19.0
    All levels of education 6.3 32.0 29.7 17.7 14.4 100.0 30.3
Austria 2009 Below upper secondary 24.9 37.0 27.3 6.9 4.0 100.0 29.2
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 11.0 23.0 36.8 15.5 13.7 100.0 15.0
    Tertiary-type B education 8.8 10.2 27.2 27.1 26.7 100.0 14.8
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs 10.5 9.2 14.4 16.5 49.5 100.0 8.5
    All levels of education 12.2 21.7 32.3 15.6 18.1 100.0 16.0
Belgium1 2009 Below upper secondary 2.9 56.2 39.2 1.4 0.2 100.0 41.3
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 1.3 45.0 48.7 4.4 0.5 100.0 19.5
    Tertiary-type B education 0.7 20.7 61.8 14.7 2.1 100.0 12.7
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs 0.5 9.3 47.2 29.6 13.4 100.0 8.5
    All levels of education 1.4 36.7 48.2 10.4 3.3 100.0 12.0
Canada 2008 Below upper secondary 28.4 30.2 22.5 10.0 8.9 100.0 25.0
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 19.6 25.0 23.6 15.6 16.2 100.0 11.9
    Tertiary-type B education 15.6 21.3 24.6 17.3 21.2 100.0 9.7
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs 15.4 11.6 16.2 17.9 38.9 100.0 8.2
    All levels of education 18.4 21.7 22.0 15.8 22.1 100.0 12.3
Chile
Czech Republic 2009 Below upper secondary 13.3 59.3 24.2 2.2 0.9 100.0
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 3.2 44.0 38.2 9.8 4.9 100.0
    Tertiary-type B education 0.5 22.1 43.7 18.8 14.8 100.0
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs 0.5 8.0 29.0 24.6 37.9 100.0
    All levels of education 3.3 37.9 35.7 12.2 10.9 100.0
Denmark 2009 Below upper secondary 22.9 36.5 32.1 5.7 2.8 100.0 25.6
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 13.6 28.9 41.5 10.1 5.9 100.0 11.2
    Tertiary-type B education 9.4 16.0 47.4 18.5 8.6 100.0 7.7
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs 10.4 10.9 36.3 22.1 20.2 100.0 6.0
    All levels of education 15.0 25.6 38.4 12.4 8.7 100.0 13.8
Estonia 2009 Below upper secondary 13.6 38.6 26.7 10.6 10.5 100.0 60.5
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 7.1 34.0 33.4 11.9 13.5 100.0 46.8
    Tertiary-type B education
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs
    All levels of education 6.9 29.1 31.3 13.3 19.4 100.0 48.5
Finland 2008 Below upper secondary 23.0 31.8 31.8 9.1 4.3 100.0 34.5
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 15.8 28.9 38.6 11.9 4.8 100.0 17.0
    Tertiary-type B education 9.9 16.8 34.5 22.7 16.1 100.0 13.6
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs 7.3 11.2 25.4 25.1 31.0 100.0 8.2
    All levels of education 14.6 24.1 33.9 15.5 11.8 100.0 19.1
France 2007 Below upper secondary 9.0 48.3 30.7 7.5 4.5 100.0 34.4
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 5.2 39.6 35.5 12.2 7.5 100.0 19.4
    Tertiary-type B education 4.1 21.7 35.4 20.8 18.1 100.0 12.0
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs 4.8 12.7 23.4 19.9 39.2 100.0 13.6
    All levels of education 6.0 35.1 32.2 13.3 13.4 100.0 22.2
Germany 2009 Below upper secondary 10.4 27.6 47.3 12.5 2.2 100.0 32.5
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 12.2 28.3 39.3 12.4 7.8 100.0 21.0
    Tertiary-type B education 9.5 16.0 38.2 20.0 16.4 100.0 13.1
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs 5.3 12.4 22.0 19.3 40.9 100.0 9.7
    All levels of education 10.1 23.1 35.3 15.1 16.3 100.0 19.7
Greece 2009 Below upper secondary 20.2 42.1 24.5 8.2 5.0 100.0 20.7
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 11.4 29.3 36.2 14.6 8.5 100.0 13.6
    Tertiary-type B education 10.3 13.9 22.2 25.3 28.4 100.0 13.4
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs 11.9 0.0 16.7 21.2 50.1 100.0 7.2
    All levels of education 13.9 29.0 28.6 15.5 13.1 100.0 15.9
Hungary 2009 Below upper secondary 11.5 64.0 17.2 4.9 2.3 100.0
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 3.5 52.1 24.0 10.4 10.1 100.0
    Tertiary-type B education 4.1 43.9 20.5 10.1 21.4 100.0
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs 0.7 10.8 17.4 16.6 54.5 100.0
    All levels of education 4.1 44.8 21.5 10.9 18.7 100.0
Iceland
Ireland 2009 Below upper secondary 26.6 27.1 25.5 12.3 8.5 100.0 36.2
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 17.5 30.7 23.8 12.2 15.8 100.0 16.4
    Tertiary-type B education 12.5 15.9 20.1 15.2 36.2 100.0 10.3
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs 9.5 9.6 14.2 16.9 49.8 100.0 5.3
    All levels of education 17.9 24.4 21.4 13.4 23.0 100.0 21.1
Israel 2009 Below upper secondary 16.2 55.6 18.1 4.1 6.1 100.0 42.3
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 9.1 41.6 25.5 12.2 11.6 100.0 22.1
    Tertiary-type B education 8.1 28.1 25.9 14.4 23.5 100.0 28.9
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs 8.8 17.1 17.9 13.5 42.7 100.0 15.0
    All levels of education 9.4 31.3 22.2 12.4 24.7 100.0 23.2
Italy 2008 Below upper secondary 10.7 46.0 26.1 8.4 8.8 100.0 24.8
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 6.1 30.8 33.0 10.7 19.4 100.0 14.9
    Tertiary-type B education
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs 7.3 10.9 25.7 16.0 40.1 100.0 17.6
    All levels of education 8.2 34.7 29.1 10.4 17.6 100.0 19.8
Japan 2007 Below upper secondary 18.2 37.3 25.9 11.0 7.7 100.0 20.7
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 8.5 26.6 27.5 17.6 19.8 100.0 9.8
    Tertiary-type B education 5.8 20.4 25.4 19.9 28.5 100.0 6.6
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs 4.0 13.0 21.6 20.0 41.4 100.0 5.8
    All levels of education 7.7 22.9 25.7 17.9 25.9 100.0 9.2
Korea1 2008 Below upper secondary 18.0 43.4 27.2 6.6 4.9 100.0 22.2
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 4.5 34.4 31.2 16.1 13.9 100.0 18.1
    Tertiary-type B education 4.2 24.8 41.0 17.1 12.8 100.0 13.4
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs 4.2 16.6 24.8 22.6 31.9 100.0 19.3
    All levels of education 6.6 28.2 29.5 17.0 18.7 100.0 18.7
Luxembourg 2009 Below upper secondary 14.5 56.7 15.2 7.1 6.4 100.0 20.4
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 5.6 29.6 30.3 21.9 12.5 100.0 13.4
    Tertiary-type B education
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs 5.5 8.4 19.3 22.2 44.6 100.0 8.0
    All levels of education 8.2 31.4 22.4 17.6 20.4 100.0 14.8
Mexico
Netherlands 2008 Below upper secondary 15.0 33.2 39.6 8.6 3.6 100.0
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 12.2 21.4 38.5 17.6 10.3 100.0
    Tertiary-type B education 7.9 8.6 24.6 25.9 32.9 100.0
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs 7.4 10.0 20.9 24.1 37.6 100.0
    All levels of education 11.3 20.4 33.0 17.6 17.6 100.0
New Zealand 2009 Below upper secondary 12.9 41.4 30.6 8.0 7.0 100.0 22.6
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 10.2 26.3 35.3 15.9 12.2 100.0 12.2
    Tertiary-type B education 9.3 25.8 33.7 16.2 14.9 100.0 11.2
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs 8.9 16.7 26.2 19.0 29.2 100.0 9.3
    All levels of education 10.5 28.0 31.7 14.6 15.2 100.0 14.5
Norway 2008 Below upper secondary 21.2 32.2 34.2 8.4 3.9 100.0 19.4
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 10.4 22.6 43.0 15.2 8.8 100.0 7.7
    Tertiary-type B education 5.2 8.7 31.2 28.0 26.9 100.0 4.1
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs 8.9 12.9 36.2 19.4 22.5 100.0 4.4
    All levels of education 12.5 22.4 38.2 15.0 12.0 100.0 9.5
Poland 2008 Below upper secondary 16.6 45.5 26.2 8.1 3.5 100.0
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 12.4 39.2 30.2 11.2 7.0 100.0
    Tertiary-type B education
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs 2.3 19.7 26.1 18.2 33.7 100.0
    All levels of education 10.0 34.5 28.8 12.9 13.8 100.0
Portugal 2009 Below upper secondary 4.8 41.4 32.6 11.1 10.1 100.0
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 3.5 23.0 27.6 15.4 30.6 100.0
    Tertiary-type B education 4.9 10.1 14.1 13.4 57.6 100.0
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs 4.0 8.3 12.2 14.0 61.5 100.0
    All levels of education 4.5 33.7 28.9 12.3 20.6 100.0
Slovak Republic 2009 Below upper secondary 25.9 41.9 25.3 5.5 1.4 100.0
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 14.3 26.7 34.3 15.7 9.0 100.0
    Tertiary-type B education 8.6 12.6 25.7 27.0 26.2 100.0
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs 8.2 10.7 18.1 19.2 43.8 100.0
    All levels of education 14.9 24.0 29.2 15.5 16.4 100.0
Slovenia2 2009 Below upper secondary 6.4 74.8 16.6 1.7 0.4 100.0
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 2.4 51.4 31.8 9.7 4.6 100.0
    Tertiary-type B education
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs
    All levels of education 2.7 46.5 27.3 11.3 12.2 100.0
Spain 2008 Below upper secondary 18.7 36.5 29.9 10.3 4.6 100.0 23.9
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 12.3 25.1 34.1 16.1 12.3 100.0 13.6
    Tertiary-type B education 9.3 28.7 34.5 16.0 11.7 100.0 12.5
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs 7.4 13.8 18.1 20.8 40.0 100.0 9.4
    All levels of education 13.7 28.0 28.8 14.6 14.9 100.0 17.5
Sweden 2009 Below upper secondary 19.3 34.7 37.6 6.3 2.2 100.0 7.1
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 10.6 28.2 42.9 11.8 6.4 100.0 4.1
    Tertiary-type B education 13.7 20.6 39.7 17.0 9.0 100.0 5.8
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs 9.6 13.8 32.1 20.1 24.4 100.0 5.6
    All levels of education 12.5 25.9 39.4 12.8 9.4 100.0 5.8
Switzerland 2008 Below upper secondary 8.0 56.7 31.0 2.6 1.6 100.0 31.8
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 5.8 30.9 46.5 11.2 5.6 100.0 21.5
    Tertiary-type B education 3.5 13.2 45.8 25.1 12.5 100.0 15.8
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs 4.4 11.5 26.7 28.6 28.8 100.0 16.2
    All levels of education 5.2 24.8 39.3 17.6 13.0 100.0 20.2
Turkey1
United Kingdom 2009 Below upper secondary 18.1 52.3 22.9 4.4 2.3 100.0 50.6
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 5.8 33.9 35.5 14.5 10.3 100.0 19.6
    Tertiary-type B education 4.1 17.5 34.2 23.2 21.1 100.0 13.3
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs 3.9 11.8 22.2 22.2 40.0 100.0 11.5
    All levels of education 6.5 28.3 30.1 16.2 18.9 100.0 21.1
United States 2009 Below upper secondary 39.2 41.0 12.4 4.4 3.0 100.0 28.5
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 18.9 32.7 24.1 13.1 11.2 100.0 18.1
    Tertiary-type B education 13.9 25.2 26.7 18.1 16.0 100.0 11.8
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs 8.5 14.5 19.2 16.4 41.4 100.0 9.2
    All levels of education 16.8 26.3 21.2 13.7 22.0 100.0 16.0
Non-OECD member countries                  
Argentina
Brazil 2009 Below upper secondary 18.9 36.0 21.1 11.9 12.2 100.0 15.9
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 3.4 19.6 21.1 18.8 37.0 100.0 11.5
    Tertiary-type B education
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs 0.8 3.9 6.1 9.5 79.6 100.0 8.9
    All levels of education 12.5 27.9 19.6 13.7 26.4 100.0 13.9
China
India
Indonesia
Russian Federation
Saudi Arabia
South Africa
— Not available.
† Not applicable.
1 Report earnings net of income tax.
2 Slovenia reports earnings excluding data for individuals in part-time and/or part-year earnings.
NOTE: Tertiary programs refer to post-secondary education and include both higher and vocational education/training. Tertiary-type B programs refer to vocational programs. Tertiary-type A programs refer to academic higher education. If there was no data in 2009, the latest available year was used. Apparent differences may not be statistically significant.
SOURCE: Data from Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). (2011). Education at a Glance: OECD Indicators 2011, table A8.4b. Paris: Author.

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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education