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Table B.4.10. OECD: Percentage distribution of population ages 25-64, by level of earnings, country, and educational attainment: 2009
Country Year Educational attainment Level of earnings Percentage
of the
population
with no
earnings
from work
At or
below
half of
the median
More than
half the
median
but at
or below
the median
More than
the median
but at
or below
1.5 times
the median
More than
1.5 times
the median
but at
or below
2.0 times
the median
More than
twice the
median
All
categories
OECD average Below upper secondary 26.4 46.2 19.6 4.8 3.0 100.0 40.7
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 16.2 38.6 28.1 9.7 7.3 100.0 23.9
    Tertiary-type B education 12.5 26.9 31.9 15.3 13.4 100.0 17.7
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs 9.0 17.5 27.7 18.8 27.0 100.0 13.9
    All levels of education 15.7 34.3 27.0 11.4 11.6 100.0 25.4
OECD countries                  
Australia 2009 Below upper secondary 24.1 47.7 18.9 6.6 2.6 100.0 49.7
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 15.2 41.8 27.3 9.5 6.2 100.0 33.9
    Tertiary-type B education 16.4 33.5 27.6 14.5 8.1 100.0 32.3
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs 9.7 22.6 28.9 20.4 18.4 100.0 22.4
    All levels of education 15.7 36.2 25.9 12.9 9.3 100.0 35.4
Austria 2009 Below upper secondary 38.8 39.2 16.4 3.6 2.2 100.0 40.2
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 20.9 29.9 29.2 11.3 8.7 100.0 19.3
    Tertiary-type B education 12.4 15.3 27.2 26.1 19.0 100.0 14.5
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs 14.2 15.2 18.8 16.3 35.6 100.0 11.8
    All levels of education 21.8 28.2 26.1 12.0 11.9 100.0 21.8
Belgium1 2009 Below upper secondary 11.1 60.6 27.1 1.0 0.2 100.0 52.0
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 5.6 55.2 36.0 2.8 0.3 100.0 26.0
    Tertiary-type B education 1.5 36.2 53.6 7.6 1.1 100.0 16.3
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs 1.0 18.4 50.0 21.8 8.9 100.0 15.3
    All levels of education 5.0 45.1 40.6 7.2 2.2 100.0 30.2
Canada 2008 Below upper secondary 39.2 31.4 16.7 6.7 5.9 100.0 36.6
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 28.3 28.4 21.6 11.0 10.7 100.0 17.8
    Tertiary-type B education 23.0 25.9 24.0 13.6 13.5 100.0 12.3
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs 18.5 15.4 19.4 16.9 29.8 100.0 10.4
    All levels of education 25.1 25.0 21.2 12.8 15.9 100.0 17.1
Chile
Czech Republic 2009 Below upper secondary 18.6 65.9 13.8 1.2 0.5 100.0
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 5.6 50.4 32.8 7.7 3.6 100.0
    Tertiary-type B education 1.3 35.5 42.0 12.8 8.4 100.0
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs 0.5 11.2 37.4 21.9 29.0 100.0
    All levels of education 5.6 44.4 32.3 9.8 8.0 100.0
Denmark 2009 Below upper secondary 24.7 44.5 25.2 3.9 1.8 100.0 31.3
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 14.8 39.0 35.6 7.0 3.7 100.0 13.0
    Tertiary-type B education 11.2 25.2 44.7 13.2 5.8 100.0 8.7
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs 11.5 20.9 42.0 14.6 10.9 100.0 6.7
    All levels of education 16.0 34.0 35.6 8.9 5.5 100.0 16.1
Estonia 2009 Below upper secondary 20.8 46.8 19.3 6.8 6.4 100.0 61.3
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 14.9 45.1 24.4 8.1 7.5 100.0 44.5
    Tertiary-type B education
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs
    All levels of education 12.7 38.2 26.6 10.5 12.1 100.0 44.5
Finland 2008 Below upper secondary 26.3 38.0 25.9 6.9 3.0 100.0 37.8
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 20.3 38.5 30.3 7.9 3.0 100.0 18.3
    Tertiary-type B education 12.2 27.8 39.2 13.0 7.8 100.0 12.8
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs 12.0 18.9 29.3 19.9 19.8 100.0 8.7
    All levels of education 18.0 32.0 30.7 11.4 7.8 100.0 19.6
France 2007 Below upper secondary 17.8 51.5 22.7 5.1 3.0 100.0 41.8
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 9.9 45.4 30.3 9.3 5.1 100.0 24.3
    Tertiary-type B education 5.9 29.0 37.2 16.9 11.0 100.0 15.2
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs 5.7 18.1 30.8 18.4 27.0 100.0 17.5
    All levels of education 10.6 39.9 29.3 10.9 9.3 100.0 27.7
Germany 2009 Below upper secondary 31.1 30.1 30.3 7.2 1.3 100.0 43.8
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 25.2 32.8 28.9 8.6 4.5 100.0 27.2
    Tertiary-type B education 16.9 27.8 29.8 14.3 11.3 100.0 19.7
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs 13.8 16.8 26.4 16.9 26.2 100.0 14.0
    All levels of education 22.2 28.1 28.4 11.1 10.2 100.0 26.4
Greece 2009 Below upper secondary 32.3 39.1 19.2 5.9 3.6 100.0 39.6
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 18.2 34.4 30.2 10.8 6.4 100.0 26.5
    Tertiary-type B education 11.6 18.4 27.2 23.2 19.6 100.0 16.6
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs 7.7 2.7 22.1 31.9 35.6 100.0 8.8
    All levels of education 20.2 30.6 26.0 13.3 9.9 100.0 28.3
Hungary 2009 Below upper secondary 12.5 70.1 12.9 3.0 1.4 100.0
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 3.7 54.3 23.8 9.6 8.5 100.0
    Tertiary-type B education 2.9 32.2 33.4 14.3 17.3 100.0
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs 0.6 10.9 27.8 19.5 41.2 100.0
    All levels of education 4.3 45.7 23.1 11.1 15.8 100.0
Iceland
Ireland 2009 Below upper secondary 36.0 28.0 21.0 8.7 6.4 100.0 47.1
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 26.0 32.2 21.1 10.2 10.4 100.0 27.3
    Tertiary-type B education 17.0 22.6 21.9 15.3 23.2 100.0 20.5
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs 12.3 14.5 17.3 20.0 35.9 100.0 10.1
    All levels of education 24.0 26.0 20.1 12.8 17.1 100.0 30.2
Israel 2009 Below upper secondary 24.1 53.5 14.8 3.1 4.6 100.0 60.8
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 16.7 44.7 21.4 9.1 8.1 100.0 32.9
    Tertiary-type B education 16.6 35.3 23.1 9.9 15.1 100.0 29.2
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs 11.8 23.7 20.9 13.7 30.0 100.0 18.0
    All levels of education 15.2 34.8 21.1 10.8 18.2 100.0 30.0
Italy 2008 Below upper secondary 18.9 46.0 21.9 6.4 6.7 100.0 44.1
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 9.3 36.0 33.0 8.3 13.4 100.0 25.5
    Tertiary-type B education
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs 8.6 19.6 29.9 13.6 28.3 100.0 22.8
    All levels of education 12.8 37.2 28.3 8.5 13.2 100.0 33.6
Japan 2007 Below upper secondary 36.0 32.7 18.4 7.6 5.4 100.0 33.1
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 28.9 27.7 19.6 11.4 12.4 100.0 23.9
    Tertiary-type B education 34.7 28.4 17.6 9.2 10.1 100.0 32.2
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs 8.9 16.4 21.9 18.1 34.7 100.0 12.9
    All levels of education 23.9 25.6 20.6 12.8 17.1 100.0 22.4
Korea1 2008 Below upper secondary 28.8 45.9 17.4 4.7 3.2 100.0 44.7
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 12.8 40.8 23.9 11.9 10.5 100.0 38.2
    Tertiary-type B education 8.5 35.8 34.1 12.8 8.8 100.0 29.8
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs 5.8 21.6 26.7 20.6 25.3 100.0 28.8
    All levels of education 13.0 34.7 25.0 13.5 13.8 100.0 35.8
Luxembourg 2009 Below upper secondary 29.2 50.0 12.1 5.1 3.6 100.0 34.3
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 13.9 34.0 25.7 17.1 9.2 100.0 23.7
    Tertiary-type B education
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs 10.1 14.0 23.7 21.0 31.1 100.0 14.2
    All levels of education 17.5 32.6 20.8 14.6 14.5 100.0 25.7
Mexico
Netherlands 2008 Below upper secondary 32.9 34.2 25.5 5.2 2.2 100.0
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 23.3 32.0 28.2 10.6 5.9 100.0
    Tertiary-type B education 14.1 19.5 26.5 19.7 20.3 100.0
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs 11.8 18.9 25.7 19.7 24.0 100.0
    All levels of education 21.7 28.2 26.8 12.4 10.9 100.0
New Zealand 2009 Below upper secondary 22.2 45.6 22.6 5.3 4.4 100.0 31.0
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 16.2 31.4 30.9 12.4 9.1 100.0 18.0
    Tertiary-type B education 17.2 33.0 30.5 11.4 7.9 100.0 19.1
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs 12.0 21.1 28.7 17.9 20.3 100.0 15.3
    All levels of education 17.0 33.1 27.9 11.7 10.3 100.0 21.8
Norway 2008 Below upper secondary 28.0 40.6 23.9 5.2 2.3 100.0 24.0
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 15.6 36.4 32.8 9.8 5.4 100.0 10.1
    Tertiary-type B education 6.3 16.0 34.7 22.9 20.2 100.0 3.9
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs 11.1 25.1 38.9 12.6 12.4 100.0 4.9
    All levels of education 16.8 33.2 32.7 10.0 7.4 100.0 11.9
Poland 2008 Below upper secondary 20.8 53.9 18.1 5.1 2.1 100.0
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 14.1 45.7 26.8 8.5 4.9 100.0
    Tertiary-type B education
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs 2.1 25.8 33.4 17.0 21.7 100.0
    All levels of education 10.5 39.5 28.5 11.2 10.3 100.0
Portugal 2009 Below upper secondary 7.7 51.1 26.5 7.7 6.9 100.0
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 4.3 30.5 29.5 13.3 22.4 100.0
    Tertiary-type B education 4.2 12.0 18.3 16.7 48.9 100.0
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs 3.6 10.0 15.8 17.7 52.9 100.0
    All levels of education 6.4 40.5 25.5 10.4 17.2 100.0
Slovak Republic 2009 Below upper secondary 31.9 50.8 14.1 2.5 0.6 100.0
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 17.6 36.2 29.3 11.0 5.9 100.0
    Tertiary-type B education 9.2 20.7 38.2 19.7 12.2 100.0
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs 10.0 13.3 25.1 18.6 33.0 100.0
    All levels of education 18.3 31.7 26.6 11.8 11.6 100.0
Slovenia2 2009 Below upper secondary 8.1 78.1 12.3 1.2 0.3 100.0
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 4.3 53.3 30.2 8.6 3.6 100.0
    Tertiary-type B education
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs
    All levels of education 4.5 45.5 25.9 12.5 11.6 100.0
Spain 2008 Below upper secondary 29.4 37.6 22.6 7.2 3.3 100.0 37.9
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 18.8 32.2 28.5 12.3 8.2 100.0 21.1
    Tertiary-type B education 13.3 34.5 31.2 12.5 8.5 100.0 16.3
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs 8.6 17.3 21.9 22.1 30.1 100.0 11.2
    All levels of education 19.7 30.7 24.7 12.9 12.0 100.0 26.4
Sweden 2009 Below upper secondary 24.4 41.4 28.5 4.3 1.5 100.0 7.8
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 13.3 39.9 34.7 8.0 4.1 100.0 3.9
    Tertiary-type B education 14.2 30.1 39.5 11.2 5.0 100.0 4.7
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs 10.6 23.3 37.0 14.7 14.4 100.0 4.8
    All levels of education 14.7 35.3 34.6 9.3 6.2 100.0 5.5
Switzerland 2008 Below upper secondary 32.2 49.6 16.0 1.4 0.9 100.0 42.0
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 23.4 34.9 31.7 6.8 3.1 100.0 28.1
    Tertiary-type B education 9.7 21.3 39.4 20.4 9.3 100.0 17.1
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs 8.9 19.9 28.4 22.4 20.4 100.0 19.8
    All levels of education 19.0 31.0 30.1 11.8 8.0 100.0 26.9
Turkey1
United Kingdom 2009 Below upper secondary 36.3 45.1 14.6 2.7 1.4 100.0 56.6
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 20.1 38.5 25.9 9.2 6.2 100.0 23.1
    Tertiary-type B education 12.0 26.0 32.9 16.8 12.4 100.0 15.2
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs 7.4 16.6 25.9 21.5 28.6 100.0 13.3
    All levels of education 16.8 31.7 25.7 12.9 12.9 100.0 24.8
United States 2009 Below upper secondary 47.2 37.7 9.7 3.3 2.2 100.0 39.3
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 25.3 36.8 20.8 9.4 7.6 100.0 24.0
    Tertiary-type B education 20.1 31.7 24.0 13.6 10.5 100.0 16.5
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs 13.0 19.0 21.8 16.3 29.9 100.0 14.3
    All levels of education 21.9 29.4 20.4 11.9 16.3 100.0 21.8
Non-OECD member countries                  
Argentina
Brazil 2009 Below upper secondary 29.2 37.5 16.5 8.4 8.3 100.0 31.6
    Upper secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary 8.0 29.0 21.2 15.4 26.4 100.0 23.2
    Tertiary-type B education
    Tertiary-type A and advanced research programs 2.0 7.1 9.9 12.9 68.2 100.0 14.8
    All levels of education 19.1 30.9 17.1 11.2 21.7 100.0 27.2
China
India
Indonesia
Russian Federation
Saudi Arabia
South Africa
— Not available.
† Not applicable.
1 Report earnings net of income tax.
2 Slovenia reports earnings excluding data for individuals in part-time and/or part-year earnings.
NOTE: Tertiary programs refer to post-secondary education and include both higher and vocational education/training. Tertiary-type B programs refer to vocational programs. Tertiary-type A programs refer to academic higher education. If there was no data in 2009, the latest available year was used. Apparent differences may not be statistically significant.
SOURCE: Data from Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). (2011). Education at a Glance: OECD Indicators 2011, table A8.4a. Paris: Author.

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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education