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Table B.4.04. Percentage of unemployed 25-64 year-olds, by educational attainment (ISCED level), country, and sex: 2008

    Pre-primary and primary education Lower secondary education   ISCED 3C Short Upper secondary education   Post-secondary non-tertiary education Tertiary education   All levels of education
Country Sex   ISCED 3C Long/3B   ISCED 3A   Type 5B Type 5A and advanced research programmes  
OECD average Males 10.0 8.5   5.7 4.6   4.6   4.3 3.4 2.9   4.5
  Females 11.4 10.0   5.5 7.5   5.7   5.6 4.1 3.6   5.4
                             
OECD countries                            
Australia Males 7.0 4.8     2.5 1  3.0 1.8   3.0
  Females 4.5 5.2     3.7 1  3.0 1.8   3.2
Austria Males 6.6 2  2.9     2.1 2.0   2.9
  Females 6.9 2  3.3     2.2 2.2   3.5
Belgium Males 14.6 7.7   5.8   4.1   3.1 3.3   5.4
  Females 13.7 11.4   8.4   7.0   2.7 3.7   6.5
Canada Males 11.5 9.0     5.6 3  5.6 4.5 4.0   5.4
  Females 11.2 7.6     5.4 3  5.1 4.0 4.1   4.8
Chile Males 4.6 0.8   5.8   6.0 4  5.3 5.0   5.3
  Females 7.4 5.1   7.8   7.6 4  8.0 4.8   7.0
                             
Czech Republic Males 17.3   2.8   1.7   1.5 5  2.9
  Females 17.3   6.6   3.2   1.6 5  5.3
Denmark Males 7.7 3.4   7.5 1.6   2.9   1.8 2.5   2.3
  Females 8.7 3.4   2.9 2.8   3.0   2.1 2.2   2.7
Finland Males 8.1 7.0     4.9   2.9 2.8   4.6
  Females 8.0 9.8     6.3   3.6 3.7   5.3
France Males 9.8 8.6   4.7   5.0   2.9 4.3   5.5
  Females 10.8 10.6   6.8   6.1   3.9 4.5   6.8
Germany Males 23.7 16.4   7.5   8.4   4.5 2.9 3.0   7.1
  Females 22.7 13.5   7.8   6.9   4.0 3.7 4.0   7.4
                             
Greece Males 4.2 4.5     3.5   5.5 5.2 3.7   4.3
  Females 9.4 15.3   19.9   9.9   12.9 11.2 6.2   10.1
Hungary Males 37.1 17.6   7.0   4.3   2.0   6.7
  Females 57.9 15.3   9.0   5.6   7.2 2.5   7.2
Iceland Males         2.1
  Females        
Ireland Males 10.6 8.8     5.5   5.4 4.2 2.9   5.9
  Females 5.7 5.3     3.5   4.7 3.1 2.5   3.6
Italy Males 8.0 5.5   7.1 2.8   3.5   6.8 3.6 3.1   4.5
  Females 11.6 10.1   12.7 6.6   5.9   8.2 4.2 5.3   7.3
                             
Japan Males     4.7 6  4.0 2.5   3.8
  Females     4.0 6  3.6 3.2   3.8
Korea Males 3.3 3.7     3.9 3  3.3 2.5   3.3
  Females 1.4 1.6     2.5 3  2.7 2.2   2.2
Luxembourg Males 3.9 5.6     9.1     3.7
  Females 7.1   6.8   4.3   3.2   4.5
Mexico Males 2.5 2.5   2.2   2.7   1.5 3.0   2.6
  Females 2.1 2.7   2.1   4.5   3.0 3.9   2.8
Netherlands Males 4.6 2.3   2.2 7  1.6   1.9 2.5 1.5   2.0
  Females 4.9 4.0   2.7 7  2.4   1.8 2.2 1.5   2.5
                             
New Zealand Males 4.4 2  2.5 3.1   2.0   1.9 2.8 2.0   2.6
  Females 4.1 2  1.9 3.5   2.3   3.8 2.8 2.3   2.9
Norway Males 4.1       1.5   1.8
  Females         1.6
Poland Males 11.2 2  6.1   4.3   5.3 2.9 8  5.4
  Females 11.9 2  9.0   6.8   6.7 3.4 8  6.7
Portugal Males 6.8 6.3     5.5 1  4.3 8  6.2
  Females 7.9 11.0     7.6 1  6.8 8  8.2
Slovak Republic Males 37.1   8.2 7  3.9   2.5   7.2
  Females 34.8   13.2 7  6.5   3.5   10.2
                             
Spain Males 14.0 10.0   7.0   8.0   5.1 4.5   8.6
  Females 17.2 15.7   11.5   11.2   9.3 6.2   11.5
Sweden Males 7.0 5.7     3.7 3  4.3 4.0 3.2   4.0
  Females 13.4 6.9     4.5 3  4.9 3.7 2.9   4.4
Switzerland Males 5.2   2.4     1.8   2.3
  Females 6.4   2.9   4.9   2.9   3.4
Turkey Males 10.2 9.5   6.8   8.4   6.3 5  9.0
  Females 7.1 17.0   16.3   15.8   9.3 5  9.8
United Kingdom Males 8.5   5.7 3.9   3.0   2.4 1.9   3.9
  Females 8.2   4.3 3.6   3.9   2.3 1.9   3.5
                             
United States Males 10.2 11.3     5.6 9  3.7 2.0   4.9
  Females 6.1 9.7     4.9 9  3.5 2.1   4.0
                             
Non-OECD countries                            
Brazil Males 3.0 3.9     3.9 1  2.4 8  3.4
  Females 6.1 8.6     8.5 1  3.9 8  6.9
Estonia Males 9.8     5.0   2.3   4.9
  Females 9.6     5.5   3.3 2.5   4.6
Israel Males 11.1 8.0   4.4   4.7   4.6 3.3   5.0
  Females 11.0 10.3   7.5   7.2   4.6 3.3   5.5
Slovenia Males 11.3 4.8   3.2   2.8   3.0 2.6   3.3
  Females 13.7 5.8   4.8   3.9   3.2 3.5   4.3
— Not available.                            
† Not applicable.                      
‡ Reporting standards not met. There are too few observations to provide reliable estimates (i.e. there are fewer than 3 percent of students for this cell or too few schools for valid inferences). However, these statistics were included in the calculation of cross-country averages.
1 ISCED 3A includes data for ISCED 3C Short and ISCED 3C Long/3B.
2 Lower secondary education includes data for pre-primary and primary education.
3 ISCED 3A includes data for ISCED 3C Long/3B.
4 ISCED 3A includes data for ISCED 3C Short.
5 Type 5A and advanced research programmes includes data for Type 5B tertiary education and post-secondary non-tertiary education.
6 ISCED 3A includes data for pre-primary and primary education, lower secondary education, ISCED 3C Short, and ISCED 3C Long/3B.
7 ISCED 3C Long/3B includes data for ISCED 3C Short.
8 Type A and advanced research programmes includes data for Type B tertiary education.    
9 ISCED 3A includes data for ISCED 3C Short, ISCED 3C Long/3B, and post-secondary non-tertiary education.
NOTE: Education levels are defined according to the 1997 International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED97). Pre-primary education refers to ISCED97 level 0. Primary and secondary education refers to ISCED97 levels 1 (primary education), 2 (lower secondary education), 3 (upper secondary education), and 4 (postsecondary nontertiary programs). Higher education refers to the ISCED97 levels 5A (academic higher education below the doctoral level), 5B (vocational higher education), and 6 (doctoral level of academic higher education). Within ISCED 3, there are three categories: (3A) programmes at level 3 designed to provide direct access to ISCED 5A; (3B) programmes at level 3 designed to provide direct access to ISCED 5B; and (3C) programmes at level 3 not designed to lead directly to ISCED 5A or 5B.
SOURCE: Data from Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). (2010). Education at a Glance: OECD Indicators 2010, table A6.2a. Paris: Author.
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
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