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Table B.4.03. Percentage of employed 25-64 year-olds, by educational attainment (ISCED level), country, and sex: 2008

    Pre-primary and primary education Lower secondary education   ISCED 3C Short Upper secondary education   Post-secondary non-tertiary education Tertiary education   All levels of education
Country Sex   ISCED 3C Long/3B   ISCED 3A   Type 5B Type 5A and advanced research programmes  
OECD average Males 64.5 73.9   83.5 84.1   83.4   88.4 88.1 89.8   83.0
  Females 37.0 50.1   67.1 65.2   66.5   76.9 78.2 79.9   65.1
                             
OECD countries                            
Australia Males 65.0 80.7     88.2 1  93.4 88.4 91.5   86.0
  Females 28.0 57.2     68.4 1  78.3 70.3 79.7   65.9
Austria Males 66.7 2  78.4 82.7   79.3   90.0 87.4 91.4   82.6
  Females 50.2 2  62.9 70.2   70.3   81.8 83.0 81.7   68.7
Belgium Males 46.9 69.8   80.9   81.8   88.5 87.2 88.9   77.4
  Females 27.6 47.2   63.6   67.4   76.2 80.6 82.7   63.1
Canada Males 53.8 71.6     81.0 3  83.0 86.9 86.0   81.7
  Females 32.4 54.0     69.1 3  74.2 79.2 79.6   72.4
Chile Males 84.8 75.9   89.8   88.1 4  90.7 86.5   86.9
  Females 36.5 29.1   57.7   50.3 4  67.1 73.6   51.3
                             
Czech Republic Males 59.6   84.2   88.5 5  92.2 6  85.2
  Females 41.7   61.7   70.5 5  77.2 6  64.9
Denmark Males 62.0 75.0   78.0 86.6   83.7   96.6 91.8 91.2   85.1
  Females 44.7 58.9   70.5 80.0   75.2   84.8 85.2 87.8   76.8
Finland Males 51.3 75.2     80.3   96.8 84.7 91.1   79.4
  Females 45.7 61.3     73.2   96.3 82.4 83.9   74.4
France Males 52.3 75.2   79.8   82.2   90.3 86.7   78.5
  Females 38.6 58.4   70.0   72.9   82.3 80.2   67.4
Germany Males 57.0 69.4   81.4   63.5   86.2 88.1 90.1   81.7
  Females 34.6 51.1   69.2   54.2   78.6 80.7 81.2   68.4
                             
Greece Males 75.5 87.2   83.2 90.0   84.7   87.1 85.0 88.1   83.8
  Females 36.4 45.3   63.2 61.1   51.1   67.2 75.2 78.8   54.4
Hungary Males 17.3 50.1   72.9   77.9   82.8 87.7 85.0   72.1
  Females 5.4 34.9   56.0   64.7   69.2 81.3 75.8   57.8
Iceland Males 86.2 89.6   89.4 91.9   84.4   95.1 94.0 94.7   91.7
  Females 77.2   82.1 84.4   71.8   84.7 83.5 88.6   81.2
Ireland Males 59.0 78.1     86.0   88.1 89.3 90.8   82.0
  Females 31.8 48.0     64.0   66.2 77.0 83.1   64.1
Italy Males 50.3 77.0   82.5 84.4   83.8   86.4 82.2 86.6   78.0
  Females 16.3 42.4   57.5 60.3   65.2   71.9 68.2 76.1   52.2
                             
Japan Males     87.6 7  92.9 93.4   90.1
  Females     61.7 7  64.8 66.9   63.3
Korea Males 74.8 80.7     84.2 3  89.8 88.9   85.3
  Females 58.4 58.4     56.8 3  62.0 60.7   58.6
Luxembourg Males 69.6 82.5   82.1 79.0   77.9   76.6 87.4 89.3   80.5
  Females 49.3 44.2   56.0 55.5   65.1   75.8 77.2 81.2   62.2
Mexico Males 88.4 92.6   90.4   92.5   91.1 91.1   90.4
  Females 39.3 48.8   59.3   55.4   72.7 73.1   49.1
Netherlands Males 66.1 82.8   83.6 8  90.1   84.3 86.2 90.8   86.1
  Females 38.7 55.5   71.2 8  78.6   78.6 80.6 86.3   71.7
                             
New Zealand Males 76.3 2  87.7 88.0   90.1   91.4 90.1 91.8   87.6
  Females 59.4 2  72.8 72.4   76.8   72.8 77.8 80.5   73.3
Norway Males 73.1   87.8   85.1   93.4 93.4 91.8   86.2
  Females 60.3   80.0   79.8   87.1 94.1 89.1   79.9
Poland Males 55.0 2  73.8   79.2   80.8 89.2 6  75.7
  Females 32.4 2  52.3   59.6   67.7 82.2 6  59.6
Portugal Males 77.8 85.7     83.7 1  86.6 90.4 6  81.6
  Females 60.2 72.7     77.9 1  64.5 84.3 6  68.8
Slovak Republic Males 42.6   78.6 8  87.9   71.2 92.4   81.0
  Females 29.7   60.3 8  70.1   74.4 80.1   63.4
                             
Spain Males 64.3 81.0   85.5   82.5   90.6 88.0 88.0   80.2
  Females 33.0 52.3   64.7   67.8   74.1 81.3   59.2
Sweden Males 64.3 78.9     86.7 3  87.2 88.0 90.9   85.6
  Females 42.4 64.6     79.1 3  80.5 85.8 89.4   79.5
Switzerland Males 75.6 79.6   88.0 89.6   80.7   91.3 94.9 93.3   90.0
  Females 54.8 61.7   69.4 76.6   71.1   82.3 89.4 83.3   76.0
Turkey Males 71.7 76.8   82.6   79.0   81.4 6  75.6
  Females 20.5 18.3   30.2   27.8   63.9 6  26.0
United Kingdom Males 61.3   82.3 85.8   86.8   89.3 90.1   83.5
  Females 42.8   69.6 77.5   77.9   83.7 86.3   74.0
                             
United States Males 68.5 65.5     78.8 9  83.5 89.3   80.9
  Females 40.0 46.1     66.8 9  77.5 79.0   69.6
                             
Non-OECD countries                            
Brazil Males 84.6 87.4     89.5 1  91.9 6  87.1
  Females 52.3 58.9     67.7 1  81.7 6  61.3
Estonia Males 34.7 69.1   72.8   84.8   89.5 89.7 93.6   84.0
  Females 49.9   59.7   74.3   80.5 80.1 83.2   75.1
Israel Males 55.4 67.5   81.3   74.5   84.9 87.6   77.5
  Females 19.3 40.8   64.6   62.5   73.1 83.0   64.5
Slovenia Males 39.6 67.7   78.8   83.0   85.4 91.6   79.5
  Females 28.0 50.2   66.6   73.7   83.1 91.1   70.7
— Not available.                            
† Not applicable.                            
‡ Reporting standards not met. There are too few observations to provide reliable estimates (i.e. there are fewer than 3 percent of students for this cell or too few schools for valid inferences). However, these statistics were included in the calculation of cross-country averages.
1 ISCED 3A includes data for ISCED 3C Short and ISCED 3C Long/3B.
2 Lower secondary education includes data for pre-primary and primary education.
3 ISCED 3A includes data for ISCED 3C Long/3B.
4 ISCED 3A includes data for ISCED 3C Short.
5 ISCED 3A includes data for Post-secondary non-tertiary education.
6 Type 5A and advanced research programmes includes data for Type 5B tertiary education.
7 ISCED 3A includes data for pre-primary and primary education, lower secondary education, ISCED 3C Short, and ISCED 3C Long/3B.
8 ISCED 3C Long/3B includes data for ISCED 3C Short.
9 ISCED 3A includes data for ISCED 3C Short, ISCED 3C Long/3B, and post-secondary non-tertiary education.
NOTE: Education levels are defined according to the 1997 International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED97). Pre-primary education refers to ISCED97 level 0. Primary and secondary education refers to ISCED97 levels 1 (primary education), 2 (lower secondary education), 3 (upper secondary education), and 4 (postsecondary nontertiary programs). Higher education refers to the ISCED97 levels 5A (academic higher education below the doctoral level), 5B (vocational higher education), and 6 (doctoral level of academic higher education). Within ISCED 3, there are three categories: (3A) programmes at level 3 designed to provide direct access to ISCED 5A; (3B) programmes at level 3 designed to provide direct access to ISCED 5B; and (3C) programmes at level 3 not designed to lead directly to ISCED 5A or 5B.
SOURCE: Data from Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). (2010). Education at a Glance: OECD Indicators 2010, table A6.1a. Paris: Author.
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education