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Table B.3.23. OECD: Percentage of tertiary qualifications awarded to women in tertiary-type A (academic higher education) and advanced research programs, by year, field of education, and country: 2000 and 2009
Country 2009   2000
All fields Education Humanities and arts Health and welfare Social sciences, business and law Services Engineering, manufacturing and construction Science   Life sciences Physical sciences Mathematics and statistics Computing Agriculture   All fields Education Humanities and arts Health and welfare Social sciences, business and law Services Engineering, manufacturing and construction Science   Life sciences Physical sciences Mathematics and statistics   Computing Agriculture
OECD average 58.0 76.8 65.8 74.8 57.5 54.0 26.3 40.6   63.4 43.8 45.8 19.2 52.2   53.7 73.5 65.0 68.3 52.1 43.4 22.6 40.3   60.1 39.9 42.3   23.4 42.8
OECD countries                                                            
Australia1 56.2 74.0 64.1 75.6 53.4 54.0 24.8 37.1   55.2 49.5 37.7 19.6 57.2   56.5 74.8 67.0 75.9 51.9 54.8 21.5 41.1   54.8 33.9 37.2   26.4 43.7
Austria 54.2 80.3 65.6 67.1 57.6 38.7 25.5 33.3   68.5 31.4 37.7 17.5 62.2   46.2 72.1 59.1 59.1 49.3 36.6 18.0 32.9   60.8 24.0 33.1   10.6 51.6
Belgium 54.8 75.8 64.2 64.1 57.8 40.7 27.2 38.3   56.9 33.4 43.1 6.8 49.2   50.1 70.2 62.4 59.2 52.1 43.5 21.1 37.8   43.0 31.9 49.5   10.1 40.3
Canada1 59.8 76.8 64.6 83.2 57.9 60.4 23.5 49.3   62.7 45.0 42.4 17.8 57.7   57.6 72.7 62.9 73.6 57.5 61.2 22.7 45.0   59.8 37.2 41.6   21.4 50.7
Chile 57.5 74.3 61.3 70.4 52.6 45.5 27.5 35.8   58.4 40.6 47.3 22.1 46.4      
Czech Republic 59.0 78.5 69.7 81.1 66.0 42.4 25.6 39.0   70.5 49.1 51.9 13.3 57.6   50.9 74.9 63.7 70.1 55.5 27.0 27.2 25.1   59.3 40.6 48.0   7.0 38.4
Denmark 60.2 72.5 64.9 80.1 52.4 24.2 31.8 37.2   62.5 38.2 42.6 20.2 73.6   49.2 59.3 69.2 59.0 43.9 53.8 25.8 41.7   59.8 36.0 40.5   21.7 49.9
Estonia 68.7 92.1 79.6 84.0 71.4 68.8 37.6 50.4   74.8 47.6 72.9 28.8 53.4      
Finland 62.7 83.6 74.0 85.6 68.0 77.6 22.8 46.0   76.4 48.4 47.8 27.0 59.1   58.1 82.2 73.9 83.8 64.4 71.6 18.6 45.8   69.4 42.0 45.7   30.4 45.7
France 54.0 74.6 72.2 59.3 59.5 42.3 28.8 38.4   62.8 38.8 38.6 16.5 54.4   56.1 69.4 74.5 60.0 60.7 41.8 23.8 43.2   58.6 36.9 42.1   19.3 54.4
Germany 55.1 72.5 73.3 68.4 52.1 55.9 22.3 43.8   66.6 42.8 62.7 15.6 53.4   44.9 70.9 67.2 56.2 41.8 58.0 19.6 31.6   54.6 26.5 42.1   10.5 46.5
Greece        
Hungary 65.0 78.7 74.7 80.4 70.4 59.9 24.2 35.0   66.2 44.8 45.6 19.5 50.3   55.1 71.9 68.9 70.4 54.3 30.8 20.5 31.3   52.5 37.6 29.7   15.6 41.7
Iceland 66.2 84.5 63.6 85.4 62.1 84.6 35.3 40.2   67.6 35.8 11.1 21.1 26.7   66.9 90.6 68.7 81.8 56.6 # 24.5 48.5   69.3 46.9 28.6   21.6 #
Ireland 59.5 74.2 65.5 83.1 55.1 54.3 21.2 44.1   57.6 41.5 46.7 23.4 51.3   56.7 78.2 65.0 74.8 56.1 66.0 23.6 48.2   60.5 44.4 39.9   40.8 40.7
Israel 57.4 83.3 60.2 77.8 55.1 76.1 24.2 46.8   63.0 45.1 44.1 24.6 56.4   59.9 87.7 69.1 67.6 55.9 23.7 42.5   67.2 34.0 33.8 2 48.0
Italy        
Japan 41.1 59.3 68.1 56.6 34.4 90.6 10.8 25.2 3 38.7   35.6 59.4 69.3 50.1 26.0 8.9 24.6 3   37.7
Korea 46.4 71.6 66.3 63.0 42.1 33.6 22.5 38.6   47.9 45.9 56.5 20.1 38.1   44.6 73.5 69.1 50.4 40.1 38.7 23.3 47.3   56.5 40.8 57.9   41.6 32.8
Luxembourg        
Mexico 54.8 72.0 58.9 64.1 58.8 59.7 28.3 42.8   58.5 55.6 42.8 36.4 34.8   51.6 65.6 60.4 60.6 55.0 55.1 22.2 46.0   51.8 57.4 45.8   42.7 25.1
Netherlands 56.5 81.1 56.7 75.2 52.4 53.4 18.7 21.1   58.0 25.3 31.1 10.2 51.7   54.8 75.9 61.0 75.6 48.9 48.5 12.5 28.3   54.2 24.4 27.8   13.6 38.4
New Zealand 61.0 81.2 65.0 79.5 57.5 52.2 29.8 44.4   60.0 43.2 48.7 23.0 47.8   60.6 83.7 66.0 79.2 53.3 50.9 32.8 44.9   46.5 55.6   33.5 41.9
Norway 61.3 74.5 58.7 82.4 55.8 41.9 24.5 36.5   70.5 42.2 33.6 13.1 59.5   61.9 78.6 62.0 81.5 49.4 36.4 26.6 28.1   60.3 33.4 15.7   14.8 46.1
Poland 65.0 77.8 76.1 72.8 68.2 54.9 33.6 44.0   72.4 64.3 67.5 16.3 56.3   64.4 78.5 77.0 68.4 65.7 50.9 24.3 64.5   75.4 61.8 79.0   29.0 57.1
Portugal 59.1 85.3 60.9 78.5 63.4 46.3 29.4 55.9   70.4 52.8 69.7 26.9 55.1   64.5 83.0 67.3 76.8 64.9 56.6 34.5 46.1   69.5 58.9 60.8   31.2 57.6
Slovak Republic 64.2 78.2 66.7 85.9 68.6 45.0 31.1 42.1   68.4 50.7 56.0 10.6 42.8   52.2 75.1 55.8 69.4 56.4 28.8 29.8 30.2   74.9 44.7 47.5   12.1 32.6
Slovenia 65.3 84.2 75.6 72.9 68.3 57.7 31.0 45.5   71.2 45.6 51.1 10.4 59.8      
Spain 59.9 78.7 64.5 75.9 60.7 58.2 33.9 41.5   67.3 53.4 53.1 19.7 50.2   58.5 77.1 64.3 76.3 59.6 59.9 27.0 46.5   62.8 50.1 55.9   23.9 45.7
Sweden 64.0 79.3 61.3 82.3 62.0 59.0 28.4 46.4   65.8 49.1 34.7 24.1 61.3   59.0 79.1 63.4 78.7 57.8 45.2 24.8 46.8   61.1 45.2 29.9   40.8 51.5
Switzerland 49.7 74.3 62.1 68.3 46.8 47.5 19.1 32.8   50.5 31.2 27.5 8.9 63.5   37.8 62.5 61.3 53.9 33.6 44.5 11.2 24.2   45.5 20.9 24.2   14.3 41.8
Turkey 46.0 54.6 60.1 62.6 42.4 32.6 26.7 44.3   61.9 41.7 46.4 23.3 34.9   41.0 43.3 48.3 53.1 39.8 28.0 24.2 47.0   60.9 45.0 46.4   23.3 36.9
United Kingdom 55.7 76.3 62.2 74.1 54.8 60.3 22.5 38.2   51.7 42.6 40.7 19.0 63.9   53.7 73.1 62.6 70.8 54.5 # 19.6 43.5   62.2 39.1 38.1   24.0 52.8
United States 57.6 77.7 58.9 79.3 54.2 55.3 21.4 43.5   58.6 39.3 41.9 20.8 49.7   56.5 75.8 60.8 75.0 54.2 40.2 21.2 44.4   57.1 37.3 45.2   29.3 48.9
Non-OECD member countries                                                            
Argentina1 59.2 78.2 70.6 69.7 59.3 47.4 29.2 47.8   68.4 56.2 76.9 24.6 39.4      
Brazil 62.9 79.7 58.2 75.2 55.7 70.7 28.8 40.4   70.7 44.6 44.0 17.9 39.6      
China 46.7        
India        
Indonesia        
Russian Federation        
Saudi Arabia        
South Africa        
— Not available.
# Rounds to zero.
1 Year of reference 2008.
2 Mathematics and statistics includes data for Computing
3 Science includes data for life sciences, physical sciences, mathematics and statistics, and computing.
NOTE: Tertiary programs refer to post-secondary education and include both higher and vocational education/training. Apparent differences may not be statistically significant.
SOURCE: Data from Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). (2011). Education at a Glance: OECD Indicators 2011, table A4.3a. Paris: Author.

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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education