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Table B.3.07. Percentage of bachelor's degrees awarded in mathematics and science, by field and country: Selected years, 1985 through 2006

  All mathematics and science degrees1   Natural sciences2   Mathematics and computer science3   Engineering
       
Country 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006   1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006   1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006   1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2006
OECD average4 22.9 22.8 22.3   5.8 4.8 4.6   4.0 5.4 5.3   13.3 12.7 12.4
                                                       
OECD countries                                                      
Australia 19.3 21.1 21.1 21.3   9.9 7.6 5.9 6.4   3.8 5.1 8.2 7.7   5.6 8.5 7.0 7.2
Austria 16.8 19.6 21.1 25.7 26.8 29.2   5.0 5.3 6.0 5.0 5.4 6.1   4.1 5.2 5.3 3.4 7.2 8.8   7.7 9.0 9.9 17.3 14.2 14.3
Belgium (Flemish) 23.6 24.7 24.9   4.6 6.4 5.7 5.5   1.7 2.3 5.2 5.1   14.9 13.8 14.3
Canada 17.1 16.4 16.7 20.0 20.7 17.0   4.9 6.0 6.5 8.1 6.5 5.5   4.5 4.2 3.8 4.3 5.9 4.5   7.7 6.2 6.4 7.6 8.2 7.0
Czech Republic (5) (5) 29.5 26.7 27.0   (5) (5) 4.2 3.9 3.5   (5) (5) 8.4 3.8 4.7   (5) (5) 16.9 19.0 18.8
                                                       
Denmark 10.5 16.3 16.2   6.3 4.4 2.5 6.8 2.4 2.3   3.1 3.1 2.6   16.2 21.7 17.0 0.6 10.8 11.2
Finland 39.3 33.5 37.2 32.2 30.0 29.1   7.7 4.1 4.0 3.9 2.7 2.8   6.3 5.9 6.9 3.3 5.6 5.3   25.3 23.4 26.3 24.9 21.7 20.9
France 30.1 26.0 26.2   12.2 6.5 6.7   5.5 5.5 5.7   12.5 14.0 13.8
Germany6 23.8 31.3 31.6 31.7 31.3 27.2   5.0 7.2 6.7 6.4 6.3 6.3   2.3 3.5 5.2 4.9 8.1 8.1   16.5 20.5 19.7 20.3 16.9 12.8
Greece 25.9   8.3   8.4   9.2
                                                       
Hungary 12.6 11.0 13.9   1.1 1.2 1.3   1.2 2.4 5.4   10.4 7.4 7.1
Iceland 16.5 14.1 14.6   6.0 5.0 4.7   4.0 3.5 3.0   6.5 5.5 6.9
Ireland 28.8 34.1 32.3 29.3 17.7   12.8 14.1 16.9 11.5 3.5   4.0 6.3 4.7 7.2 4.4   12.0 13.7 10.7 10.6 9.9 8.9
Italy 19.5 19.7 19.5 27.5 23.9 23.2   8.1 7.6 6.8 5.9 4.8 4.8   3.1 3.9 3.8 3.2 2.2 2.2   8.3 8.3 8.9 18.4 16.9 16.2
Japan   2.4 2.4 3.4     20.3 21.0 19.3 18.9 17.4 16.9
                                                       
Korea, Republic of 36.9 37.0 36.3   6.3 5.2 5.3   4.3 5.4 5.7   26.3 26.3 25.4
Mexico 23.0 27.3 26.9   2.2 2.6 2.6   6.7 9.3 8.9   14.1 15.3 15.4
Netherlands 21.8 21.1 16.2 14.9 14.6   8.5 7.1 3.2 2.5 1.4   1.2 1.6 1.6 1.9 4.6 5.1   12.1 12.4 11.1 7.7 8.1
New Zealand 20.5 19.5 17.8 19.9 19.4   11.7 8.2 11.2 6.7 6.6   5.5 5.5 1.9 7.6 6.7   3.3 5.8 3.2 4.7 5.6 6.1
Norway 12.9 16.8 11.6 13.7 13.2   2.5 2.1 3.1 0.7 0.8 1.4   1.8 0.6 0.5 3.4 4.7 3.8   10.2 13.2 7.5 8.2 7.9
                                                       
Poland 16.7 17.7 21.6   2.7 2.3 4.0   2.0 5.3 6.0   12.0 10.1 11.6
Portugal 15.0 17.5 25.6 25.5   6.5 6.7 2.2 1.7 6.0 4.9   2.8 3.6 6.2 6.5   10.5 9.9 12.2 13.4 14.1
Slovak Republic (5) (5) 21.9 24.6 21.1   (5) (5) 2.0 3.7 3.5   (5) (5) 4.6 4.4 4.0   (5) (5) 15.3 16.5 13.7
Spain 13.9 15.0 18.2 22.7 24.1 24.4   5.5 5.7 4.3 5.3 4.2 4.0   1.3 2.6 4.5 4.3 5.2 5.5   7.0 6.7 9.4 13.1 14.7 14.8
Sweden 15.4 24.0 26.4 27.7 26.9 26.2   2.6 4.1 3.9 3.7 3.6 3.6   1.6 4.7 5.5 3.7 4.0 3.9   11.3 15.2 17.0 20.3 19.2 18.7
                                                       
Switzerland 20.2 23.0 22.3 25.1 24.2 22.7   10.3 11.2 10.4 6.0 6.9 6.2   2.1 3.7 3.7 1.8 4.7 4.3   7.9 8.1 8.3 17.3 12.7 12.1
Turkey 23.0 20.6 20.9 24.1 22.3 17.1   3.6 4.6 5.1 7.4 6.1 4.9   1.6 2.1 2.7 3.6 4.1 3.2   17.8 13.8 13.1 13.1 12.0 9.0
United Kingdom 28.5 26.0 25.2   12.5 9.2 9.0   5.8 8.3 7.7   10.2 8.4 8.5
United States 21.7 16.9 17.1 16.7 16.4   6.3 5.1 6.6 5.8 6.0   5.5 4.0 3.3 3.9 4.8 4.2   9.8 7.8 6.7 6.6 6.2 6.1
Non-OECD countries                                                      
Brazil 11.4 11.3   3.2 3.2   3.5 3.3   4.8 4.7
Chile 22.9 24.0   3.2 2.5   2.6 3.8   17.2 17.7
Estonia (5) (5) 23.8 21.1   (5) (5) 6.3 4.7   (5) (5) 6.2 5.9   (5) (5) 11.3 10.5
Israel 19.0 26.7 24.1   3.1 5.1 5.4   6.8 7.5 5.4   9.1 14.1 13.3
Russian Federation (5) (5)   (5) (5)   (5) (5)   (5) (5) 18.3
Slovenia (5) (5) 17.7 15.0   (5) (5) 4.1 2.8   (5) (5) 2.0 2.1   (5) (5) 11.7 10.1
— Not available.
1Includes life sciences, physical sciences, mathematics/statistics, computer science, and engineering.
2Includes life sciences and physical sciences.
3Includes mathematics/statistics and computer science.
4Refers to the mean of the data values for all reporting OECD countries, to which each country reporting data contributes equally. The average is omitted for years in which less than 75 percent of the countries reported data.
5Country did not exist in its current form in the given year.
6Data for 1985 are for the former West Germany.
NOTE: Data in this table refer to degrees classified by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) as International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) level 5A, first award. This level corresponds to the bachelor's degree in the United States. Data for Luxembourg are not shown because tertiary students study for only 1 year in Luxembourg. Some data have been revised from previously published figures.
SOURCE: Data from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Snyder, T.D., and Dillow, S.A. (2010). Digest of Education Statistics 2009 (NCES 2010-013), table 414. National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S Department of Education. Washington, DC.
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