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Table B.1.87. Difference in average PIRLS reading scores of 4th-grade students, by sex and education system: 2011

Education system Female   Male   Female-male difference
Average score s.e.   Average score s.e.   Score difference s.e.
International average 520 0.5   504 0.5   16 0.5
Colombia 447 4.6   448 4.6   -1 3.9
Italy 543 2.4   540 2.7   3 2.4
France 522 3.4   518 2.4   5 2.7
Spain 516 2.5   511 2.8   5 2.5
Belgium (French)-BEL1,2 509 3.1   504 3.1   5 2.3
Israel3 544 3.1   538 3.4   6 3.4
Czech Republic 549 2.5   542 2.5   6 2.6
Netherlands2 549 2.1   543 2.2   7 2.0
Austria 533 2.2   525 2.3   8 2.3
Germany 545 2.3   537 2.7   8 2.5
Slovak Republic 540 3.1   530 2.8   10 2.1
United States1 562 1.9   551 1.7   10 1.8
Denmark1 560 1.9   548 2.1   12 2.2
Canada1 555 1.7   542 2.1   12 2.0
Poland 533 2.5   519 2.7   14 3.1
Azerbaijan1,4 470 3.6   456 3.5   14 2.3
Croatia1 560 2.1   546 2.2   14 2.2
Sweden 549 2.4   535 2.5   14 2.7
Portugal 548 3.0   534 2.8   14 2.4
Norway5 514 2.2   500 2.7   14 3.1
Chinese Taipei-CHN 561 2.1   546 2.1   15 2.1
Bulgaria 539 4.5   524 4.3   15 3.5
Romania 510 4.8   495 4.3   15 3.3
Ireland 559 2.9   544 3.0   15 3.9
Hungary 547 3.2   532 3.2   16 2.6
Slovenia 539 2.2   523 2.7   16 3.1
Northern Ireland-GBR2 567 2.5   550 3.2   16 3.4
Hong Kong-CHN3 579 2.3   563 2.5   16 2.2
Australia 536 2.7   519 2.7   17 3.1
Singapore1 576 3.5   559 3.6   17 2.6
Malta 486 1.9   468 2.0   18 2.8
Indonesia 437 4.5   419 4.3   18 2.3
Lithuania1,6 537 2.4   520 2.4   18 2.8
Russian Federation 578 2.8   559 3.1   18 2.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. of 467 4.3   448 4.3   20 6.4
New Zealand 541 2.2   521 2.7   20 3.1
Finland 578 2.3   558 2.2   21 2.3
Georgia4,6 499 2.7   477 4.0   22 3.0
England-GBR2 563 3.0   540 3.1   23 3.0
United Arab Emirates 452 3.0   425 3.5   27 4.8
Morocco7 326 4.0   296 4.6   29 3.9
Qatar1 441 4.7   411 4.2   30 6.0
Trinidad and Tobago 487 4.5   456 4.3   31 4.6
Oman8 411 3.0   371 3.4   40 2.9
Saudi Arabia 456 3.1   402 8.2   54 8.8
Benchmarking education systems                
Andalusia-ESP 519 2.4   511 2.8   8 2.6
Alberta-CAN1 553 3.1   543 3.1   10 2.2
Ontario-CAN1 558 3.3   546 2.8   13 3.4
Dubai-UAE 483 3.9   470 3.5   13 6.3
Quebec-CAN 544 2.6   531 2.4   14 2.5
Florida-USA3,6 576 3.4   561 3.0   15 2.9
Maltese-MLT 470 2.0   445 2.2   25 3.0
Abu Dhabi-UAE 442 5.5   406 6.3   36 8.0
1National Defined Population covers 90 percent to 95 percent of National Target Population.
2Met guidelines for sample participation rates only after replacement schools were included.
3National Defined Population covers less than 90 percent of National Target Population.
4Exclusion rates for Azerbaijan and Georgia are slightly underestimated as some conflict zones were not covered and no official statistics were available.
5Nearly satisfied guidelines for sample participation rates after replacement schools were included.
6National Target Population does not include all of the International Target Population.
7The TIMSS & PIRLS International Study Center has reservations about the reliability of the average achievement score because the percentage of students with achievement too low for estimation exceeds 25 percent.
8The TIMSS & PIRLS International Study Center has reservations about the reliability of the average achievement score because the percentage of students with achievement too low for estimation exceeds 15 percent, though it is less than 25 percent.
NOTE: Education systems are ordered by female-male difference in average score. Italics indicate participants identified and counted in this report as an education system and not as a separate country. "Education system" is defined on page 1 of source publication. Participants that did not administer PIRLS at the target grade are not shown; see the international report for their results. All Florida-USA data are based on public school students only. The International Average includes all education systems. The Reading scale ranges from 0 to 1000. Standard error is noted by s.e.
SOURCE: Thompson, S., Provasnik, S., Kastberg, D., Ferraro, D., Lemanski, N., Roey, S., and Jenkins, F. (2012). Highlights From PIRLS 2011: Reading Achievement of U.S. Fourth-Grade Students in an International Context (NCES 2013–010), supplemental table E-4. National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC.
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education