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Table B.1.78b. Average TIMSS science scores of 8th-grade students, by education system: 1995, 1999, 2003, 2007, and 2011

Education system 1995   1999   2003   2007   2011
Average score s.e.     Average score s.e.     Average score s.e.     Average score s.e.     Average score s.e.  
TIMSS scale average 500 0.0   500 0.0   500 0.0   500 0.0   500 0.0
Algeria             408 1.7    
Armenia         461 3.5   488 5.8   437 3.1
Australia 514 3.9     540 4.4   527 3.8     515 3.6     519 4.8  
Austria 539 3.8                
Bahrain         438 1.8   467 1.7   452 2.0
Belgium (Flemish)-BEL 533 6.4   535 3.1   516 2.5        
Belgium (French)-BEL 466 3.8                
Bosnia and Herzegovina             466 2.8    
Botswana         365 2.8   355 3.1    
Bulgaria     518 5.4     479 5.2   470 5.9    
Canada 514 2.6     533 2.1            
Chile     420 3.7   413 2.9       461 2.5
Chinese Taipei-CHN     569 4.4   571 3.5   561 3.7   564 2.3
Colombia 365 6.2           417 3.5    
Cyprus 452 2.1   460 2.4   441 2.0   452 2.0    
Czech Republic 555 4.5   539 4.2       539 1.9    
Denmark 472 3.8                
Egypt         421 3.9   408 3.6    
El Salvador             387 2.9    
England-GBR 533 3.6   538 4.8   544 4.1   542 4.5   533 4.9  
Estonia         552 2.5        
Finland     535 3.5           552 2.5
France 488 3.2                
Georgia             421 4.8   420 3.0
Germany 518 5.5                  
Ghana         255 5.9   303 5.4   306 5.2
Greece 486 2.8                
Hong Kong-CHN 510 5.8     530 3.7   556 3.0   530 4.9     535 3.4
Hungary 537 3.1   552 3.7   543 2.8   539 2.9   522 3.1  
Iceland 484 5.8                
Indonesia     435 4.5   420 4.1   427 3.4   406 4.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. of 463 3.6   448 3.8   453 2.3   459 3.6   474 4.0
Ireland 518 5.1                  
Israel 509 6.3     468 4.9   488 3.1   468 4.3   516 4.0  
Italy 497 3.6   493 3.9   491 3.1   495 2.8   501 2.5
Japan 554 1.8   550 2.2   552 1.7   554 1.9   558 2.4
Jordan     450 3.8   475 3.8   482 4.0   449 4.0
Kazakhstan                 490 4.3
Korea, Rep. of 546 2.0   549 2.6   558 1.6   553 2.0   560 2.0
Kuwait 415 5.6           418 2.8    
Latvia 476 3.3   503 4.8     512 2.6        
Lebanon         393 4.3   414 5.9   406 4.9
Lithuania 464 4.0   488 4.1   519 2.1   519 2.5     514 2.6
Macedonia, Rep. of     458 5.2   449 3.6       407 5.4
Malaysia     492 4.4   510 3.7   471 6.0   426 6.3
Malta             457 1.4    
Moldova, Rep. of     459 4.0   472 3.4        
Mongolia             449 2.9    
Morocco     323 4.3   396 2.5   402 2.9   376 2.2
Netherlands 541 6.0   545 6.9   536 3.1          
New Zealand 511 4.9     510 4.9     520 5.0         512 4.6
Norway 514 2.4         494 2.2   487 2.2   494 2.6
Oman             423 3.0   420 3.2
Palestinian Nat'l Auth.         435 3.2   404 3.5   420 3.2
Philippines     345 7.5   377 5.8        
Portugal 473 3.1                
Qatar             319 1.7   419 3.4
Romania 471 5.1   472 5.8   470 4.9   462 3.9   465 3.5
Russian Federation 523 4.5     529 6.4     514 3.7   530 3.9   542 3.2
Saudi Arabia         398 4.0   403 2.4   436 3.9
Scotland-GBR 501 5.6         512 3.4   496 3.4    
Serbia         468 2.5   470 3.2    
Singapore 580 5.5   568 8.0   578 4.3   567 4.4   590 4.3
Slovak Republic 532 3.3   535 3.3   517 3.2        
Slovenia 514 2.7     533 3.2   520 1.8     538 2.2   543 2.7
South Africa     243 7.8   244 6.7        
Spain 504 2.3                  
Sweden 553 4.4       524 2.7     511 2.6   509 2.5
Switzerland 509 2.8                  
Syrian Arab Republic             452 2.9   426 3.9
Thailand 510 4.7     482 4.0       471 4.3   451 3.9
Tunisia     430 3.4   404 2.1   445 2.1   439 2.5
Turkey     433 4.3       454 3.7   483 3.4
Ukraine             485 3.5   501 3.4
United Arab Emirates                 465 2.4
United States 513 5.6     515 4.6     527 3.1     520 2.9     525 2.6  
Benchmarking education systems                                      
Abu Dhabi-UAE                 461 4.0
Alabama-USA                 485 6.2
Alberta-CAN                 546 2.4
Basque Country-ESP         489 2.7   498 3.0    
British Columbia-CAN             526 2.7      
California-USA                 499 4.6
Colorado-USA                 542 4.4
Connecticut-USA                 532 4.6  
Dubai-UAE             489 2.8   485 2.5
Florida-USA                 530 7.3  
Indiana-USA         531 4.8         533 4.8  
Massachusetts-USA             556 4.6   567 5.1
Minnesota-USA             539 4.8   553 4.6
North Carolina-USA                 532 6.3  
Ontario-CAN         533 2.7     526 3.6     521 2.5  
Quebec-CAN         531 3.0     507 3.1   520 2.5  
∆ Score is higher than U.S. score (p <05).
▼ Score is lower than U.S. score (p <05).
— Not available.
† Not applicable.
‡ Reporting standards not met.
NOTE: Italics indicate participants identified and counted in this report as an education system and not as a separate country. "Education system" is defined at http://nces.ed.gov/timss/results11.asp. Population coverage, participation rates, or sampling procedures deviated from international standards for 8th-graders in the following education systems (years in parentheses): Alabama-USA (11), Alberta-CAN (11), Australia (95), Austria (95), Belgium (Flemish)-BEL (99, 95), Belgium (French)-BEL (95), British Columbia-CAN (07), California-USA (11), Colombia (95), Colorado-USA (11), Connecticut-USA (11), Denmark (95), Dubai-UAE (07), England-GBN (11, 07, 03, 99, 95), Florida-USA (11), Greece (95), Georgia (11, 07), Germany (95), Hong Kong-CHN (07, 03, 99), Indiana-USA (11), Indonesia (03), Israel (11, 07, 03, 99, 95), Kuwait (95), Latvia (99, 95), Lithuania (11, 07, 03, 99, 95), Macedonia (03), Massachusetts-USA (11, 07), Minnesota-USA (11, 07), Mongolia (07), Morocco (03, 07), Netherlands (03, 99, 95), North Carolina-USA (11) Ontario-CAN (11, 07), Quebec-CAN (07), Romania (95), Russian Federation (11), Scotland-GBR (07, 03, 95), Serbia (07, 03), Singapore (11), Slovenia (95), Switzerland (95), Thailand (95), and the United States (11, 07, 03, 95). Data from these education systems have issues that interfere with proper trend analysis: Armenia, Australia, Finland, Indonesia, Israel, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Latvia, Morocco, New Zealand, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Slovenia, South Africa, Syrian Arab Republic, Thailand, and Turkey. Details are available in the International Data Explorer Help Guide. The Science scale ranges from 0 to 1000. Some apparent differences between estimates may not be statistically significant. Standard error is noted by s.e.
SOURCE: National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) International Data Explorer, retrieved March 12, 2013, from http://nces.ed.gov/surveys/international/ide. (This table was prepared March 2013.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education