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Table B.1.72b. Average TIMSS mathematics scores of 8th-grade students, by education system: 1995, 1999, 2003, 2007, and 2011

Education system 1995   1999   2003   2007   2011
Average score s.e.     Average score s.e.     Average score s.e.     Average score s.e.     Average score s.e.  
TIMSS scale average 500 0.0     500 0.0     500 0.0     500 0.0   500 0.0
Algeria             387 2.1    
Armenia         478 3.0   499 3.5   467 2.7
Australia 509 3.7   525 4.8   505 4.6     496 3.9   505 5.1  
Austria 529 3.1                
Bahrain         401 1.7   398 1.6   409 2.0
Belgium (Flemish)-BEL 550 5.9   558 3.3   537 2.8        
Belgium (French)-BEL 518 3.8                
Bosnia and Herzegovina             456 2.7    
Botswana         366 2.6   364 2.3    
Bulgaria     511 5.8     476 4.3   464 5.0    
Canada 521 2.2   531 2.5            
Chile     392 4.4   387 3.3       416 2.6
Chinese Taipei-CHN     585 4.0   585 4.6   598 4.5   609 3.2
Colombia 332 5.6           380 3.6    
Cyprus 468 2.2   476 1.8   459 1.7   465 1.6    
Czech Republic 546 4.5   520 4.2       504 2.4      
Denmark 497 3.1                  
Egypt         406 3.5   391 3.6    
El Salvador             340 2.8    
England-GBR 498 3.0     496 4.1     498 4.7     513 4.8     507 5.5  
Estonia         531 3.0        
Finland     520 2.7           514 2.5  
France 530 2.8                
Georgia             410 5.9   431 3.8
Germany 502 4.5                  
Ghana         276 4.7   309 4.4   331 4.3
Greece 479 3.4                
Hong Kong-CHN 569 6.1   582 4.3   586 3.3   572 5.8   586 3.8
Hungary 527 3.2   532 3.7   529 3.2   517 3.5     505 3.5  
Iceland 484 4.9                  
Indonesia     403 4.9   411 4.8   397 3.8   386 4.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. of 418 3.9   422 3.4   411 2.4   403 4.1   415 4.3
Ireland 519 4.8                
Israel 513 6.2   466 3.9   496 3.4     463 3.9   516 4.1  
Italy 491 3.4     479 3.8   484 3.2   480 3.0   498 2.4
Japan 581 1.6   579 1.7   570 2.1   570 2.4   570 2.6
Jordan     428 3.6   424 4.1   427 4.1   406 3.7
Kazakhstan                 487 4.0
Korea, Rep. of 581 2.0   587 2.0   589 2.2   597 2.7   613 2.9
Kuwait 355 5.8           354 2.3    
Latvia 488 3.6     505 3.4     508 3.2          
Lebanon         433 3.1   449 4.0   449 3.7
Lithuania 472 4.1   482 4.3   502 2.5     506 2.3     502 2.5  
Macedonia, Rep. of     447 4.2   435 3.5       426 5.2
Malaysia     519 4.4   508 4.1     474 5.0   440 5.4
Malta             488 1.2    
Moldova, Rep. of     469 3.9   460 4.0        
Mongolia             432 3.8    
Morocco     337 2.6   387 2.5   381 3.0   371 2.0
Netherlands 529 6.1   540 7.1   536 3.8        
New Zealand 501 4.7     491 5.2     494 5.3         488 5.5
Norway 498 2.2         461 2.5   469 2.0   475 2.4
Oman             372 3.4   366 2.8
Palestinian Nat'l Auth.         390 3.1   367 3.5   404 3.5
Philippines     345 6.0   378 5.2        
Portugal 451 3.0                
Qatar             307 1.4   410 3.1
Romania 474 4.6   472 5.8   475 4.8   461 4.1   458 4.0
Russian Federation 524 5.3   526 5.9   508 3.7     512 4.1     539 3.6
Saudi Arabia         332 4.6   329 2.9   394 4.6
Scotland-GBR 493 5.7         498 3.7     487 3.7    
Serbia         477 2.6   486 3.3    
Singapore 609 4.0   604 6.3   605 3.6   593 3.8   611 3.8
Slovak Republic 534 3.1   534 4.0   508 3.3          
Slovenia 494 2.9     530 2.8   493 2.2   501 2.1   505 2.2  
South Africa     275 6.8   264 5.5        
Spain 483 2.3                  
Sweden 540 4.3       499 2.6     491 2.3   484 1.9
Switzerland 534 2.7                
Syrian Arab Republic             395 3.8   380 4.5
Thailand 516 6.0   467 5.1       441 5.0   427 4.3
Tunisia     448 2.4   410 2.2   420 2.4   425 2.8
Turkey     429 4.3       432 4.8   452 3.9
Ukraine             462 3.6   479 3.9
United Arab Emirates                 456 2.1
United States 492 4.7     502 4.0     504 3.3     508 2.8     509 2.6  
Benchmarking education systems                                      
Abu Dhabi-UAE                 449 3.7
Alabama-USA                 466 5.9
Alberta-CAN                 505 2.6  
Basque Country-ESP         487 2.7   499 3.0    
British Columbia-CAN             509 3.0      
California-USA                 493 4.9
Colorado-USA                 518 4.9  
Connecticut-USA                 518 4.8  
Dubai-UAE             461 2.4   478 2.1
Florida-USA                 513 6.4  
Indiana-USA         508 5.2         522 5.1
Massachusetts-USA             547 4.6   561 5.3
Minnesota-USA             532 4.4   545 4.6
North Carolina-USA                 537 6.8
Ontario-CAN         521 3.1   517 3.5     512 2.5  
Quebec-CAN         543 3.0   528 3.5   532 2.3
∆ Score is higher than U.S. score (p <05).
▼ Score is lower than U.S. score (p <05).
— Not available.
† Not applicable.
‡ Reporting standards not met.
NOTE: Italics indicate participants identified and counted in this report as an education system and not as a separate country. "Education system" is defined at http://nces.ed.gov/timss/results11.asp. Population coverage, participation rates, or sampling procedures deviated from international standards for 8th-graders in the following education systems (years in parentheses): Alabama-USA (11), Alberta-CAN (11), Australia (95), Austria (95), Belgium (Flemish)-BEL (99, 95), Belgium (French)-BEL (95), British Columbia-CAN (07), California-USA (11), Colombia (95), Colorado-USA (11), Connecticut-USA (11), Denmark (95), Dubai-UAE (07), England-GBR (11, 07, 03, 99, 95), Florida-USA (11), Greece (95), Georgia (11, 07), Germany (95), Hong Kong-CHN (07, 03, 99), Indiana-USA (11), Indonesia (03), Israel (11, 07, 03, 99, 95), Kuwait (95), Latvia (99, 95), Lithuania (11, 07, 03, 99, 95), Macedonia (03), Massachusetts-USA (11, 07), Minnesota-USA (11, 07), Mongolia (07), Morocco (03, 07), Netherlands (03, 99, 95), North Carolina-USA (11) Ontario-CAN (11, 07), Quebec-CAN (07), Romania (95), Russian Federation (11), Scotland-GBR (07, 03, 95), Serbia (07, 03), Singapore (11), Slovenia (95), Switzerland (95), Thailand (95), and the United States (11, 07, 03, 95). Data from these education systems have issues that interfere with proper trend analysis: Armenia, Australia, Finland, Indonesia, Israel, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Latvia, Morocco, New Zealand, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Slovenia, South Africa, Syrian Arab Republic, Thailand, and Turkey. Details are available in the International Data Explorer Help Guide. The Mathematics scale ranges from 0 to 1000. Some apparent differences between estimates may not be statistically significant. Standard error is noted by s.e.
SOURCE: National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) International Data Explorer, retrieved March 12, 2013, from http://nces.ed.gov/surveys/international/ide. (This table was prepared March 2013.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education