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Table B.1.72a. Average TIMSS mathematics scores of 4th-grade students, by education system: 1995, 2003, 2007, and 2011

Education system 1995   2003   2007   2011
Average score s.e.     Average score s.e.     Average score s.e.     Average score s.e.  
TIMSS scale average 500 0.0   500 0.0   500 0.0   500 0.0
Algeria         378 5.2    
Armenia     456 3.5   500 4.3   452 3.5
Australia 495 3.4   499 3.9   516 3.5   516 2.9
Austria 531 2.9       505 2.0   508 2.6
Azerbaijan             463 5.8
Bahrain             436 3.3
Belgium (Flemish)-BEL     551 1.8       549 1.9
Canada 506 3.4            
Chile             462 2.3
Chinese Taipei-CHN     564 1.8   576 1.7   591 2.0
Colombia         355 5.0    
Croatia             490 1.9
Cyprus 475 3.2   510 2.4        
Czech Republic 541 3.1       486 2.8   511 2.4
Denmark         523 2.4     537 2.6  
El Salvador         330 4.1    
England-GBR 484 3.3   531 3.7   541 2.9   542 3.5  
Finland             545 2.3  
Georgia         438 4.2   450 3.7
Germany         525 2.3     528 2.2
Greece 463 5.6            
Hong Kong-CHN 557 4.0   575 3.2   607 3.6   602 3.4
Hungary 521 3.6     529 3.1   510 3.5   515 3.4
Iceland 453 3.0            
Iran, Islamic Rep. of 387 5.0   389 4.2   402 4.1   431 3.5
Ireland 523 3.5             527 2.6
Israel 505 4.5            
Italy     503 3.7   507 3.1   508 2.6
Japan 567 1.9   565 1.6   568 2.1   585 1.7
Kazakhstan         549 7.1   501 4.5
Korea, Rep. of 581 1.8           605 1.9
Kuwait 351 4.2       316 3.6   342 3.4
Latvia 499 4.6   536 2.8   537 2.3    
Lithuania     534 2.8   530 2.4     534 2.4
Malta             496 1.3
Moldova, Rep. of     504 4.9        
Mongolia         436 4.1    
Morocco     347 5.1   341 4.7   335 4.0
Netherlands 549 3.0   540 2.1   535 2.1     540 1.7  
New Zealand 469 4.4   493 2.2   492 2.3   486 2.6
Northern Ireland-GBR             562 2.9
Norway 476 3.0   451 2.3   473 2.5   495 2.8
Oman             385 2.9
Philippines     358 7.9        
Poland             481 2.2
Portugal 442 3.9           532 3.4
Qatar         296 1.0   413 3.5
Romania             482 5.8
Russian Federation     532 4.7   544 4.9   542 3.7  
Saudi Arabia             410 5.3
Scotland-GRB 493 4.2   490 3.3   494 2.2    
Serbia             516 3.0
Singapore 590 4.5   594 5.6   599 3.7   606 3.2
Slovak Republic         496 4.5   507 3.8
Slovenia 462 3.1   479 2.6   502 1.8   513 2.2
Spain             482 2.9
Sweden         503 2.5   504 2.0
Thailand 467 4.8           458 4.8
Tunisia     339 4.7   327 4.5   359 3.9
Turkey             469 4.7
Ukraine         469 2.9    
United Arab Emirates             434 2.0
United States 518 3.0     518 2.4     529 2.4     541 1.8  
Yemen         224 6.0   248 6.0
Benchmarking education systems                              
Abu Dhabi-UAE             417 4.6
Alberta-CAN         505 3.0   507 2.5
British Columbia-CAN         505 2.7    
Dubai-UAE         444 2.1   468 1.6
Florida-USA             545 2.9  
Indiana-USA     533 2.8        
Massachusetts-USA         572 3.5    
Minnesota-USA         554 5.9    
North Carolina-USA             554 4.2
Ontario-CAN     511 3.8     512 3.1   518 3.1
Quebec-CAN     506 2.4   519 3.0   533 2.4
∆ Score is higher than U.S. score (p <05).
▼ Score is lower than U.S. score (p <05).
— Not available.
† Not applicable.
‡ Reporting standards not met.
NOTE: Italics indicate participants identified and counted in this report as an education system and not as a separate country. "Education system" is defined at http://nces.ed.gov/timss/results11.asp. Population coverage, participation rates, or sampling procedures deviated from international standards for 4th-graders in the following education systems (years in parentheses): Alberta-CAN (11, 07), Australia (03, 95), Austria (95), Azerbaijan (11), British Columbia-CAN (07), Croatia (11), Denmark (11, 07), Dubai-UAE (07), England-GBR (03, 95), Florida-USA (11), Georgia (11, 07), Hong Kong-CHN (11, 03), Hungary (95), Israel (95), Kazakhstan (11, 07), Kuwait (11, 95), Latvia (07, 95), Lithuania (11, 07, 03), Massachusetts-USA (07), Minnesota-USA (07), Mongolia (07), Netherlands (11, 07, 03, 95), North Carolina-USA (11), Northern Ireland-GBR (11), Norway (11), Ontario-CAN (07), Qatar (11), Quebec-CAN (07), Scotland-GBR (07, 03, 95), Serbia (11), Singapore (11), Slovenia (95), Thailand (95), and the United States (11, 07, 03). Data from these education systems have issues that interfere with proper trend analysis: Armenia, Australia, Finland, Israel, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Latvia, Morocco, New Zealand, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Slovenia, Thailand, Turkey, and Yemen. Details are available in the International Data Explorer Help Guide. The Mathematics scale ranges from 0 to 1000. Some apparent differences between estimates may not be statistically significant. Standard error is noted by s.e.
SOURCE: National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) International Data Explorer, retrieved March 12, 2013, from http://nces.ed.gov/surveys/international/ide. (This table was prepared March 2013.)
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education