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Table B.1.68. Percentage of 15-year-old students in PISA on science literacy scale, by selected proficiency level ranges and country: 2009
Country Below level 2   Level 4 and above   Level 5 and above
Percent   s.e.   Percent     s.e.   Percent     s.e.
OECD average 18   0.2   29     0.2   9     0.1
                             
OECD countries                          
Australia 13 * 0.6   39   * 1.0   15   * 0.8
Austria 21   1.4   29     1.3   8     0.6
Belgium 18   0.9   34   * 1.0   10     0.7
Canada 10 * 0.5   38   * 0.8   12   * 0.5
Chile 32 * 1.4   9   * 0.8   1   * 0.2
Czech Republic 17   1.2   28     1.2   8     0.7
Denmark 17   0.8   27     1.1   7   * 0.6
Estonia 8 * 0.8   36   * 1.3   10     0.8
Finland 6 * 0.5   50   * 1.2   19   * 0.9
France 19   1.3   30     1.5   8     0.8
Germany 15 * 1.0   38   * 1.3   13   * 0.8
Greece 25 * 1.6   17   * 1.1   3   * 0.4
Hungary 14 * 1.4   27     1.4   5   * 0.6
Iceland 18   0.7   26   * 0.8   7   * 0.4
Ireland 15   1.1   32     1.3   9     0.8
Israel 33 * 1.2   17   * 0.8   4   * 0.4
Italy 21 * 0.6   24   * 0.7   6   * 0.3
Japan 11 * 1.1   46   * 1.3   17   * 0.9
Korea, Republic of 6 * 0.9   42   * 1.7   12     1.1
Luxembourg 24 * 0.8   25   * 0.7   7   * 0.5
Mexico 47 * 1.0   3   * 0.3   #   *
Netherlands 13 * 1.6   38   * 2.4   13   * 1.2
New Zealand 13 * 0.7   43   * 1.1   18   * 0.8
Norway 16   0.9   27     1.1   6   * 0.6
Poland 13 * 0.8   29     1.1   8     0.5
Portugal 17   1.1   22   * 1.2   4   * 0.5
Slovak Republic 19   1.2   24   * 1.1   6   * 0.6
Slovenia 15 * 0.5   33   * 0.9   10     0.6
Spain 18   0.9   22   * 0.7   4   * 0.3
Sweden 19   1.0   27     1.0   8     0.6
Switzerland 14 * 0.8   35   * 1.4   11     0.9
Turkey 30 * 1.5   10   * 1.3   1   * 0.3
United Kingdom 15 * 0.8   34   * 1.1   11     0.7
United States 18   1.1   29     1.4   9     1.0
                             
Non-OECD countries                          
Albania 57 * 2.0   2   * 0.4      
Argentina 52 * 1.9   6   * 0.8   1   * 0.2
Azerbaijan 70 * 1.5   1   * 0.2   #    
Brazil 54 * 1.3   4   * 0.5   1   * 0.1
Bulgaria 39 * 2.5   14   * 1.4   3   * 0.5
Chinese Taipei 11 * 0.7   35   * 1.4   9     0.9
Colombia 54 * 1.9   3   * 0.4   #    
Croatia 19   1.1   20   * 1.2   4   * 0.6
Dubai-UAE 31 * 0.6   21   * 0.6   6   * 0.3
Hong Kong-China 7 * 0.7   49   * 1.3   16   * 1.0
Indonesia 66 * 2.3   1 ! * 0.2   #    
Jordan 46 * 1.7   5   * 0.6   1 ! * 0.2
Kazakhstan 55 * 1.6   4   * 0.6   #   *
Kyrgyz Republic 82 * 1.1   1   * 0.2   #    
Latvia 15 * 1.2   21   * 1.2   3   * 0.5
Liechtenstein 11 * 1.9   35   * 2.2   10     1.8
Lithuania 17   1.1   22   * 1.1   5   * 0.5
Macao-China 10 * 0.4   27     0.7   5   * 0.5
Montenegro, Republic of 54 * 1.1   3   * 0.4      
Panama 65 * 2.8   2   * 0.5      
Peru 68 * 1.7   2   * 0.4      
Qatar 65 * 0.6   6   * 0.2   1   * 0.1
Romania 41 * 2.1   5   * 0.6   #    
Russian Federation 22 * 1.4   18   * 1.1   4   * 0.5
Serbia, Republic of 34 * 1.3   8   * 0.6   1   * 0.2
Shanghai-China 3 * 0.4   60   * 1.2   24   * 1.2
Singapore 12 * 0.5   46   * 0.8   20   * 0.6
Thailand 43 * 1.6   5   * 0.6   1 ! * 0.3
Trinidad and Tobago 50 * 0.7   9   * 0.4   2   * 0.2
Tunisia 54 * 1.4   2   * 0.5      
Uruguay   43 * 1.1   9   * 0.6   2   * 0.2
† Not applicable.
# Rounds to zero.
! Interpret data with caution.
‡ Reporting standards not met.
*p < .05. Significantly different from the U.S. average at the .05 level of statistical significance.
NOTE: To reach a particular proficiency level, a student must correctly answer a majority of items at that level. Students were classified into science literacy levels according to their scores. Exact cut point scores are as follows: below level 1 (a score less than or equal to .334.94 ); level 1 (a score greater than 334.94 and less than or equal to 409.54); level 2 (a score greater than 409.54 and less than or equal to 484.14); level 3 (a score greater than 484.14 and less than or equal to 558.73); level 4 (a score greater than .558.73 and less than or equal to 633.33); level 5 (a score greater than 633.33 and less than or equal to 707.93); and level 6 (a score greater than 707.93). Scores are reported on a scale from 0 to 1,000. The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) average is the average of the national percentages of the OECD member countries, with each country weighted equally. Because the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) is principally an OECD study, the results for non-OECD countries are displayed separately from those of the OECD countries. Standard error is noted by s.e. In the country column, italics indicate non-national entities. UAE refers to United Arab Emirates.
SOURCE: Fleischman, H.L., Hopstock, P. J., Pelczar, M.P, and Shelly, B.E. (2010). Highlights From PISA 2009: Performance of U.S. 15-Year-Old Students in Reading, Mathematics, and Science Literacy in an International Context (NCES 2011-004), supplemental table S4a. U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education