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Table B.1.65. Average scores of 15-year-old students in PISA on science literacy scale at selected percentiles, by country: 2009
Country Percentile
5th   10th   25th   50th   75th   90th   95th
Score s.e.   Score s.e.   Score s.e.   Score s.e.   Score s.e.   Score s.e.   Score s.e.
OECD average 341 1.0   377 0.8   438 0.7   504 0.6   567 0.6   619 0.6   649 0.7
                                         
OECD countries                                        
Australia 355 4.0   395 4.0   461 2.8   531 2.7   597 2.8   655 3.9   688 5.0
Austria 321 6.8   358 6.2   424 4.8   499 3.9   569 3.6   623 3.3   653 3.4
Belgium 321 6.2   364 4.8   438 3.6   516 3.1   583 2.8   634 3.1   661 3.2
Canada 377 2.8   412 2.7   469 2.0   531 2.1   593 1.7   642 1.7   669 2.6
Chile 315 4.3   343 4.1   392 3.5   447 3.1   502 3.6   553 3.8   583 5.0
Czech Republic 338 6.5   375 5.6   437 3.9   502 3.5   568 3.4   624 4.0   657 4.4
Denmark 343 4.1   379 3.9   438 3.1   502 2.8   564 2.9   615 3.7   645 3.8
Estonia 388 5.0   419 4.7   472 3.8   528 3.1   586 3.1   635 3.5   665 4.3
Finland 400 4.2   437 4.2   496 3.3   559 3.0   617 2.9   665 3.0   694 3.6
France 314 8.1   358 7.1   433 5.6   507 4.2   572 3.8   624 4.2   653 4.6
Germany 345 7.0   383 6.2   452 4.1   527 3.8   594 3.3   645 3.5   675 3.8
Greece 318 7.6   353 6.3   409 5.3   472 4.3   535 3.8   586 3.6   616 3.4
Hungary 348 11.4   388 7.6   446 4.6   508 3.0   564 3.7   609 3.6   636 4.4
Iceland 330 4.3   370 4.3   435 2.6   499 2.0   561 2.2   616 2.8   647 4.4
Ireland 341 8.3   382 4.9   445 3.7   514 3.5   576 3.3   627 4.0   656 4.4
Israel 275 8.1   314 5.5   382 4.5   458 3.5   531 3.3   590 4.0   623 4.2
Italy 325 3.8   362 2.6   424 2.3   494 2.1   557 2.0   609 2.0   639 2.3
Japan 361 8.7   405 7.3   477 4.8   550 3.3   610 3.2   659 3.5   686 4.1
Korea, Republic of 399 6.5   431 5.2   485 4.2   542 3.6   595 3.7   640 3.7   665 4.8
Luxembourg 304 4.6   345 3.2   415 3.1   489 2.0   558 2.3   615 2.1   646 4.0
Mexico 291 2.8   318 2.1   364 1.7   415 1.9   468 2.1   517 2.8   544 2.8
Netherlands 362 6.8   395 7.0   453 7.6   525 7.7   594 5.1   645 4.8   673 4.9
New Zealand 348 5.6   390 4.3   461 4.1   539 2.9   608 3.0   667 3.3   697 3.6
Norway 346 4.4   382 3.3   440 3.0   502 2.9   563 2.9   615 3.7   644 4.0
Poland 364 3.9   396 3.3   448 2.7   509 3.0   569 2.7   621 2.9   650 3.8
Portugal 354 4.0   384 3.7   436 3.7   494 3.5   551 3.0   601 3.3   627 3.8
Slovak Republic 335 6.0   371 4.9   427 3.9   492 3.7   556 3.4   612 4.1   643 4.6
Slovenia 355 2.9   387 2.3   446 2.0   514 2.1   580 2.4   633 3.0   661 4.3
Spain 338 3.5   373 3.2   431 3.0   493 2.3   549 2.2   597 2.2   625 2.3
Sweden 327 4.7   367 4.6   429 3.8   497 3.0   564 3.4   622 3.9   654 4.8
Switzerland 352 4.2   388 3.6   452 3.5   521 3.3   585 3.4   637 3.8   667 4.3
Turkey 322 5.0   350 4.2   397 3.3   452 3.9   510 4.6   560 5.8   587 6.4
United Kingdom 348 4.3   385 3.6   447 3.7   517 3.2   583 3.1   640 3.3   672 3.9
United States 341 4.8   374 4.5   433 3.9   502 4.6   572 4.7   629 5.1   662 6.7
                                         
Non-OECD countries                                        
Albania 242 5.4   276 4.7   331 4.5   393 4.7   454 4.8   504 4.9   532 4.8
Argentina 228 10.6   271 7.6   334 5.5   404 5.0   471 5.5   530 6.6   564 7.9
Azerbaijan 257 4.9   281 4.0   321 3.6   370 3.3   421 3.7   471 5.1   502 5.6
Brazil 275 3.5   302 3.1   348 2.3   401 2.7   458 3.4   517 4.0   554 4.8
Bulgaria 263 7.6   302 7.0   367 7.6   441 7.2   514 6.8   575 5.7   607 7.1
Chinese Taipei 370 4.4   404 3.6   464 3.1   525 2.9   581 3.3   628 4.3   654 4.4
Colombia 268 6.6   298 6.2   348 4.7   401 3.8   457 3.6   506 3.6   536 4.1
Croatia 348 4.7   377 4.0   429 3.7   488 3.5   546 3.5   595 4.0   624 5.0
Dubai-UAE 294 2.5   330 2.5   391 1.6   465 2.1   542 1.9   606 3.0   638 3.3
Hong Kong-China 393 7.3   432 4.9   494 3.9   556 2.9   610 2.9   655 2.9   681 3.3
Indonesia 272 5.4   296 4.0   336 3.7   380 4.0   428 4.6   472 6.2   499 5.4
Jordan 264 6.2   301 5.4   357 4.4   420 3.9   477 3.9   526 4.4   556 5.0
Kazakhstan 262 4.9   293 4.3   342 3.4   397 3.6   458 3.8   515 5.1   549 6.1
Kyrgyz Republic 183 4.9   215 4.6   269 3.9   329 2.9   388 3.4   444 5.0   482 6.1
Latvia 365 5.7   392 4.5   440 4.1   497 3.3   548 3.2   593 4.0   619 3.3
Liechtenstein 373 10.4   402 9.3   457 7.4   523 6.9   583 6.2   631 9.3   659 7.3
Lithuania 351 6.1   382 4.9   434 3.7   493 3.0   549 3.2   600 3.9   630 3.7
Macao-China 381 2.5   411 1.9   461 2.0   514 1.9   564 1.7   608 2.5   632 3.2
Montenegro, Republic of 257 4.8   290 4.1   343 3.0   402 2.5   461 1.9   512 3.0   543 3.9
Panama 232 7.5   260 7.9   315 7.7   373 7.0   436 6.7   495 8.0   527 6.3
Peru 225 5.3   256 4.5   310 3.7   368 3.4   428 4.2   484 6.4   519 7.8
Qatar 228 2.4   257 1.7   306 1.5   368 1.5   443 1.7   524 2.5   572 2.8
Romania 301 5.0   327 4.2   373 4.4   428 4.4   483 4.0   530 4.2   558 4.2
Russian Federation 331 5.8   364 4.7   418 4.0   478 3.7   539 3.5   594 4.6   628 5.2
Serbia, Republic of 302 5.0   334 4.4   387 3.1   444 2.5   501 3.0   548 3.3   579 3.2
Shanghai-China 430 4.9   467 4.4   523 3.0   580 2.7   632 2.8   674 3.4   700 3.3
Singapore 362 3.5   401 3.1   471 2.0   547 2.2   617 2.0   673 3.0   704 4.1
Thailand 297 5.6   326 4.8   373 3.2   424 3.0   477 3.3   527 4.1   559 5.7
Trinidad and Tobago 234 3.6   271 3.2   335 3.1   410 1.9   484 2.9   552 2.6   592 3.2
Tunisia 265 4.1   296 3.6   345 3.2   402 3.0   458 3.3   504 4.5   531 5.4
Uruguay 268 5.2   303 3.6   362 3.4   427 2.8   493 3.5   551 3.8   584 4.2
NOTE: This table shows the threshold (or cut point) score for the following: (a) 5th percentile – the bottom 5 percent of students; (b) 10th percentile – the bottom 10 percent of students; (c) 25th percentile – the bottom quarter of students; (d) 50th percentile – the median (half the students scored below the cut point and half scored above it); (e) 75th percentile – the top quarter of students; (f) 90th percentile – the top 10 percent of students; and (g) 95th percentile – the top 5 percent of students. The percentile ranges are specific to each country's distribution of scores and to each assessment administration, enabling users to compare scores at the cut points across countries and over time. The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) average is the average of the national averages of the OECD member countries, with each country weighted equally. Because the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) is principally an OECD study, the results for non-OECD countries are displayed separately from those of the OECD countries. Scores are reported on a scale from 0 to 1,000. Standard error is noted by s.e. In the country column, italics indicate non-national entities. UAE refers to United Arab Emirates.
SOURCE: Fleischman, H.L., Hopstock, P. J., Pelczar, M.P, and Shelly, B.E. (2010). Highlights From PISA 2009: Performance of U.S. 15-Year-Old Students in Reading, Mathematics, and Science Literacy in an International Context (NCES 2011-004), supplemental table S3. U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
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