Skip Navigation
small NCES header image

Table B.1.62. Percentage of 15-year-old students in PISA on mathematics literacy scale, by selected proficiency level ranges and country: 2009
Country Below level 2   Level 4 and above   Level 5 and above
Percent   s.e.   Percent     s.e.   Percent     s.e.
OECD average 22   0.2   32   * 0.2   13   * 0.2
                             
OECD countries                          
Australia 16 * 0.7   38   * 1.1   16   * 0.9
Austria 23   1.2   33   * 1.2   13   * 0.9
Belgium 19 * 0.8   42   * 1.0   20   * 0.7
Canada 12 * 0.5   43   * 0.9   18   * 0.6
Chile 51 * 1.7   7   * 0.7   1   * 0.4
Czech Republic 22   1.1   29     1.2   12     0.9
Denmark 17 * 0.9   33   * 1.3   12     0.8
Estonia 13 * 0.9   35   * 1.2   12     0.8
Finland 8 * 0.5   50   * 1.2   22   * 0.9
France 23   1.3   34   * 1.5   14   * 1.0
Germany 19 * 1.1   40   * 1.3   18   * 0.9
Greece 30 * 1.8   19   * 1.2   6   * 0.6
Hungary 22   1.5   29     1.5   10     1.1
Iceland 17 * 0.6   35   * 0.8   14   * 0.6
Ireland 21   1.0   26     1.2   7   * 0.7
Israel 40 * 1.3   18   * 1.1   6   * 0.7
Italy 25   0.6   26     0.9   9     0.5
Japan 13 * 1.0   44   * 1.5   21   * 1.2
Korea, Republic of 8 * 1.0   52   * 1.9   26   * 1.6
Luxembourg 24   0.6   30     0.8   11     0.7
Mexico 51 * 1.0   5   * 0.4   1   * 0.1
Netherlands 13 * 1.4   44   * 2.4   20   * 1.5
New Zealand 15 * 0.9   41   * 1.1   19   * 0.9
Norway 18 * 0.9   30     1.2   10     0.7
Poland 21   1.1   29     1.2   10     0.9
Portugal 24   1.1   27     1.2   10     0.8
Slovak Republic 21   1.2   31     1.6   13   * 1.0
Slovenia 20 * 0.6   33   * 0.8   14   * 0.6
Spain 24   0.8   26     0.9   8     0.5
Sweden 21   1.0   30     1.2   11     0.8
Switzerland 14 * 0.8   48   * 1.5   24   * 1.4
Turkey 42 * 1.8   15   * 1.7   6   * 1.2
United Kingdom 20 * 0.9   28     1.3   10     0.7
United States 23   1.3   27     1.6   10     1.0
                             
Non-OECD countries                          
Albania 68 * 1.9   3   * 0.6   #    
Argentina 64 * 2.0   5   * 0.8   1 ! * 0.3
Azerbaijan 45 * 1.8   5   * 0.8   1 ! * 0.4
Brazil 69 * 1.2   4   * 0.5   1   * 0.2
Bulgaria 47 * 2.5   12   * 1.6   4   * 1.0
Chinese Taipei 13 * 0.8   51   * 1.4   29   * 1.5
Colombia 70 * 1.6   2   * 0.4      
Croatia 33 * 1.4   17   * 1.2   5   * 0.7
Dubai-UAE 39 * 0.6   19   * 0.5   7   * 0.4
Hong Kong-China 9 * 0.7   56   * 1.3   31   * 1.2
Indonesia 77 * 1.9   1 ! * 0.3      
Jordan 65 * 1.9   2   * 0.5      
Kazakhstan 59 * 1.5   5   * 0.8   1 ! * 0.4
Kyrgyz Republic 87 * 1.2   1 ! * 0.2   #    
Latvia 23   1.4   22   * 1.4   6   * 0.6
Liechtenstein 10 * 1.8   49   * 2.8   18   * 2.4
Lithuania 26   1.2   22   * 1.1   7   * 0.7
Macao-China 11 * 0.5   42   * 0.7   17   * 0.5
Montenegro, Republic of 58 * 1.1   5   * 0.4   1   * 0.2
Panama 79 * 2.2   2   * 0.5      
Peru 74 * 1.8   3   * 0.6   1 ! * 0.2
Qatar 74 * 0.4   6   * 0.3   2   * 0.2
Romania 47 * 2.0   7   * 1.0   1   * 0.3
Russian Federation 29 * 1.5   18   * 1.3   5   * 0.8
Serbia, Republic of 41 * 1.4   13   * 0.9   4   * 0.5
Shanghai-China 5 * 0.5   71   * 1.1   50   * 1.2
Singapore 10 * 0.6   58   * 0.7   36   * 0.8
Thailand 53 * 1.6   6   * 0.9   1 ! * 0.4
Trinidad and Tobago 53 * 0.7   10   * 0.4   3   * 0.3
Tunisia 74 * 1.5   2 ! * 0.6      
Uruguay 48 * 1.3   10   * 0.8   2   * 0.4
† Not applicable.
# Rounds to zero.
! Interpret data with caution.
‡ Reporting standards not met.
*p < .05. Significantly different from the U.S. average at the .05 level of statistical significance.
NOTE: To reach a particular proficiency level, a student must correctly answer a majority of items at that level. Students were classified into mathematic literacy levels according to their scores. Exact cut point scores are as follows: below level 1 (a score less than or equal to 357.77); level 1 (a score greater than 357.77 and less than or equal to 420.07); level 2 (a score greater than 420.07 and less than or equal to 482.38); level 3 (a score greater than 482.38 and less than or equal to 544.68); level 4 (a score greater than 544.68 and less than or equal to 606.99); level 5 (a score greater than 606.99 and less than or equal to 669.30); and level 6 (a score greater than 669.30). Scores are reported on a scale from 0 to 1,000. The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) average is the average of the national percentages of the OECD member countries, with each country weighted equally. Because the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) is principally an OECD study, the results for non-OECD countries are displayed separately from those of the OECD countries. Standard error is noted by s.e. In the country column, italics indicate non-national entities. UAE refers to United Arab Emirates.
SOURCE: Fleischman, H.L., Hopstock, P. J., Pelczar, M.P, and Shelly, B.E. (2010). Highlights From PISA 2009: Performance of U.S. 15-Year-Old Students in Reading, Mathematics, and Science Literacy in an International Context (NCES 2011-004), supplemental table M4a. U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
Would you like to help us improve our products and website by taking a short survey?

YES, I would like to take the survey

or

No Thanks

The survey consists of a few short questions and takes less than one minute to complete.
National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education