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Table B.1.59. Average scores of 15-year-old students in PISA on mathematics literacy scale, by selected percentiles, by country: 2009
Country Percentile
5th   10th   25th   50th   75th   90th   95th
Score s.e.   Score s.e.   Score s.e.   Score s.e.   Score s.e.   Score s.e.   Score s.e.
OECD average 343 0.9   376 0.7   433 0.6   497 0.6   560 0.6   613 0.7   643 0.8
                                         
OECD countries                                        
Australia 357 3.3   393 2.8   451 2.5   516 2.5   580 3.1   634 3.9   665 5.0
Austria 338 6.6   370 4.4   425 3.5   497 3.6   566 3.5   620 3.5   650 3.5
Belgium 335 5.3   373 4.9   444 3.1   522 2.9   593 2.4   646 3.0   675 3.2
Canada 379 3.0   413 2.7   468 2.0   530 2.0   588 1.9   638 2.2   665 2.2
Chile 293 4.6   322 3.8   366 3.1   418 3.3   473 4.2   527 5.1   559 5.8
Czech Republic 342 5.6   374 4.3   428 3.5   490 3.3   557 3.8   615 4.3   649 4.6
Denmark 358 4.4   390 4.0   445 3.1   505 2.9   564 3.3   614 3.4   644 4.6
Estonia 378 6.0   409 3.5   458 3.7   513 2.9   567 2.7   616 3.6   643 3.6
Finland 399 4.4   431 3.7   487 3.0   544 2.7   599 2.5   644 2.6   669 3.6
France 321 5.8   361 6.3   429 4.8   502 3.9   570 3.7   622 3.9   652 5.4
Germany 347 5.0   380 4.7   443 4.4   517 3.5   585 3.1   638 3.5   666 3.7
Greece 319 7.3   352 5.9   406 4.4   467 4.1   527 3.6   580 4.1   613 4.4
Hungary 334 8.4   370 7.1   428 4.6   493 4.2   554 4.5   608 5.6   637 5.6
Iceland 352 4.1   388 3.4   447 2.0   509 1.7   569 2.0   623 2.8   652 3.3
Ireland 338 5.7   376 4.4   432 3.1   493 3.0   548 2.8   591 3.1   617 4.3
Israel 272 6.7   310 6.1   374 4.6   450 3.5   520 4.2   581 5.2   615 5.2
Italy 330 3.1   363 2.4   420 1.9   485 2.2   548 2.5   602 2.5   632 2.8
Japan 370 6.4   407 5.4   468 4.4   532 3.4   595 3.7   648 4.8   677 5.4
Korea, Republic of 397 8.4   430 6.8   486 5.3   549 4.3   609 4.3   659 4.6   689 6.5
Luxembourg 324 3.9   360 3.1   423 1.7   491 1.8   560 2.2   613 2.5   643 2.5
Mexico 289 3.2   318 2.6   366 2.2   419 1.9   472 2.1   520 2.8   547 3.3
Netherlands 378 5.6   406 5.6   460 6.8   529 6.0   593 4.4   640 4.4   665 3.9
New Zealand 355 4.9   392 4.4   454 2.8   523 2.9   589 3.1   642 3.9   671 3.4
Norway 354 4.1   386 3.6   441 3.2   499 2.9   557 2.9   608 3.4   636 4.0
Poland 348 5.2   380 3.8   434 3.3   495 3.0   557 3.2   609 4.1   638 4.6
Portugal 334 3.8   367 3.5   424 3.4   488 3.4   551 3.4   605 4.4   635 5.1
Slovak Republic 342 6.3   376 4.7   432 3.7   497 3.7   561 3.8   621 5.4   654 6.4
Slovenia 345 3.6   379 2.4   435 2.5   501 1.8   569 2.3   628 3.5   659 3.6
Spain 328 4.0   364 2.9   424 2.5   488 2.4   546 2.3   597 2.3   625 2.9
Sweden 339 4.4   374 4.2   432 3.1   496 3.5   560 3.3   613 3.9   643 4.1
Switzerland 363 4.8   401 3.6   468 4.2   539 3.6   604 3.9   658 4.1   689 4.8
Turkey 304 5.2   331 3.6   378 3.8   439 4.7   506 6.3   574 9.0   613 12.2
United Kingdom 348 3.4   380 3.1   434 3.0   493 2.9   552 3.2   606 3.9   635 3.2
United States 337 4.3   368 4.3   425 3.9   488 3.8   551 4.9   607 4.6   637 5.9
                                         
Non-OECD countries                                        
Albania 226 7.0   261 5.0   317 5.2   380 4.1   438 4.8   493 5.7   526 6.5
Argentina 231 7.9   271 6.0   327 4.3   388 4.4   451 5.0   509 7.1   543 7.0
Azerbaijan 334 3.0   354 2.7   387 2.9   427 2.8   469 3.2   512 5.2   541 7.0
Brazil 261 3.0   287 2.7   331 2.3   381 2.6   435 3.3   493 4.7   531 5.9
Bulgaria 269 6.9   302 5.8   359 6.2   428 6.5   496 6.6   555 9.0   593 12.3
Chinese Taipei 366 5.0   405 3.8   471 3.6   547 4.2   618 4.6   675 5.4   709 6.6
Colombia 259 5.8   286 5.1   330 4.0   379 3.4   431 3.4   479 4.2   509 4.2
Croatia 315 4.8   347 4.1   399 3.5   460 3.6   521 3.8   574 5.4   606 5.6
Dubai-UAE 294 3.1   326 2.6   381 2.3   450 1.7   523 2.1   584 3.3   619 3.6
Hong Kong-China 390 5.1   428 4.9   492 3.5   559 3.0   622 3.1   673 3.9   703 4.7
Indonesia 260 4.9   284 4.6   324 3.7   369 3.8   416 4.6   462 6.4   493 8.6
Jordan 249 7.8   281 4.8   333 3.5   389 3.7   443 4.4   490 5.5   520 6.9
Kazakhstan 276 4.3   303 3.3   347 3.5   401 3.3   458 4.3   514 5.3   548 7.0
Kyrgyz Republic 204 4.9   231 3.9   278 3.2   328 3.0   382 3.8   436 5.3   473 7.0
Latvia 352 4.9   379 4.5   427 3.7   483 3.8   537 3.8   584 3.8   612 3.7
Liechtenstein 384 17.8   421 8.9   484 7.9   543 6.5   593 5.4   637 11.4   670 14.9
Lithuania 332 5.3   363 4.2   417 3.0   477 2.9   537 3.1   590 4.0   621 5.4
Macao-China 382 2.6   415 2.7   468 1.6   527 1.9   584 1.3   634 1.6   663 2.5
Montenegro, Republic of 263 4.0   295 4.4   346 2.8   403 2.3   458 2.2   509 2.7   543 3.9
Panama 235 8.2   261 7.0   306 5.6   355 5.5   408 6.8   466 8.6   503 8.8
Peru 222 4.5   252 4.0   303 3.7   363 4.2   424 5.2   480 6.3   516 9.0
Qatar 227 2.4   255 1.5   300 1.2   355 1.3   425 1.5   506 2.4   557 3.5
Romania 299 4.4   326 4.1   372 4.0   426 3.8   481 3.6   530 5.4   560 6.5
Russian Federation 329 5.1   360 4.5   411 4.2   467 3.5   524 3.8   576 5.3   609 7.2
Serbia, Republic of 295 4.8   327 4.3   380 3.7   441 3.5   504 3.2   560 4.3   592 5.3
Shanghai-China 421 7.1   462 5.0   531 4.0   608 3.4   674 3.2   726 4.2   757 4.6
Singapore 383 3.0   422 4.1   490 2.9   568 2.4   638 2.0   693 2.5   725 3.8
Thailand 295 4.5   321 4.2   365 3.5   415 3.2   469 3.7   522 5.4   554 6.8
Trinidad and Tobago 252 3.9   287 2.7   342 2.5   412 2.1   484 2.5   546 1.8   580 2.4
Tunisia 247 4.8   273 4.3   318 3.7   371 3.1   423 3.4   471 4.9   499 6.6
Uruguay 278 3.9   310 4.0   364 3.4   426 3.2   490 3.1   546 4.1   578 4.5
NOTE: This table shows the threshold (or cut point) score for the following: (a) 5th percentile – the bottom 5 percent of students; (b) 10th percentile – the bottom 10 percent of students; (c) 25th percentile – the bottom quarter of students; (d) 50th percentile – the median (half the students scored below the cut point and half scored above it); (e) 75th percentile – the top quarter of students; (f) 90th percentile – the top 10 percent of students; and (g) 95th percentile – the top 5 percent of students. The percentile ranges are specific to each country's distribution of scores and to each assessment administration, enabling users to compare scores at the cut points across countries and over time. The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) average is the average of the national averages of the OECD member countries, with each country weighted equally. Because the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) is principally an OECD study, the results for non-OECD countries are displayed separately from those of the OECD countries. Scores are reported on a scale from 0 to 1,000. Standard error is noted by s.e. In the country column, italics indicate non-national entities. UAE refers to United Arab Emirates.
SOURCE: Fleischman, H.L., Hopstock, P. J., Pelczar, M.P, and Shelly, B.E. (2010). Highlights From PISA 2009: Performance of U.S. 15-Year-Old Students in Reading, Mathematics, and Science Literacy in an International Context (NCES 2011-004), supplemental table M3. U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
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