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Table B.1.48. Average scores of 15-year-old students in PISA on reading literacy scale, by selected percentiles and country: 2009
Country Percentile
5th   10th   25th   50th   75th   90th   95th
Score s.e.   Score s.e.   Score s.e.   Score s.e.   Score s.e.   Score s.e.   Score s.e.
OECD average 332 1.0   369 0.8   432 0.7   499 0.6   560 0.5   610 0.6   637 0.7
                                         
OECD countries                                        
Australia 343 3.8   384 3.1   450 2.9   521 2.4   584 2.7   638 3.2   668 3.9
Austria 299 5.2   334 6.1   399 4.3   476 3.8   545 3.3   596 3.4   625 4.3
Belgium 326 6.1   368 4.3   436 3.8   516 2.9   583 2.2   631 2.7   657 2.9
Canada 368 2.9   406 2.7   464 1.9   529 1.8   588 1.7   637 1.9   664 2.1
Chile 310 5.1   342 5.0   393 4.1   451 3.4   506 3.3   556 3.6   584 5.1
Czech Republic 325 4.8   357 4.9   413 4.2   479 3.3   545 3.3   598 3.2   627 3.6
Denmark 350 3.8   383 3.7   440 2.9   500 2.3   554 2.8   599 3.0   624 2.9
Estonia 359 5.3   392 4.4   446 3.3   504 2.9   559 2.8   605 3.6   633 4.1
Finland 382 3.4   419 3.6   481 2.7   542 2.9   597 2.2   642 2.6   666 2.6
France 305 8.2   352 7.0   429 4.7   505 3.8   572 4.0   624 3.9   651 4.6
Germany 333 4.8   367 5.1   432 4.5   505 3.3   567 2.8   615 3.2   640 3.1
Greece 318 7.8   355 8.0   420 6.3   488 4.4   550 3.1   601 3.7   630 3.7
Hungary 332 7.4   371 6.9   435 4.3   501 3.5   559 3.6   607 3.5   632 4.0
Iceland 331 4.9   371 4.1   439 2.9   507 1.8   567 2.0   619 2.6   648 3.9
Ireland 330 7.8   373 4.7   435 3.9   503 3.5   562 2.8   611 2.8   638 3.2
Israel 277 8.8   322 7.8   401 4.4   483 3.9   554 3.4   611 4.0   643 4.3
Italy 320 3.7   358 2.6   422 2.3   493 2.0   556 1.7   604 1.7   631 2.1
Japan 339 9.8   386 7.1   459 4.8   530 3.2   590 3.0   639 3.6   667 4.6
Korea, Republic of 400 7.6   435 5.9   490 4.1   545 3.7   595 3.4   635 3.0   658 3.8
Luxembourg 288 3.6   332 3.5   403 2.4   480 1.8   547 1.7   600 2.0   630 3.7
Mexico 281 3.9   314 2.9   370 2.4   429 2.1   485 1.9   531 2.2   557 2.4
Netherlands 365 4.7   390 5.0   442 6.1   510 7.0   575 5.4   625 4.6   650 4.0
New Zealand 344 5.8   383 4.5   452 3.1   528 3.0   595 2.8   649 2.7   678 3.7
Norway 346 4.5   382 4.0   443 3.6   507 3.0   568 2.9   619 3.9   647 4.4
Poland 346 5.6   382 4.2   441 3.4   504 2.7   565 3.2   613 3.3   640 3.6
Portugal 338 4.8   373 4.9   432 4.4   493 3.6   551 3.4   599 3.5   624 3.6
Slovak Republic 324 6.1   358 5.2   416 4.1   480 3.3   543 2.7   594 3.2   621 4.3
Slovenia 326 2.9   359 2.1   421 1.9   488 1.8   550 1.7   598 2.9   623 3.9
Spain 326 4.2   364 3.5   426 3.3   488 2.5   543 2.0   588 2.0   613 2.4
Sweden 326 5.3   368 5.5   437 3.3   502 2.8   565 3.1   620 3.7   651 3.9
Switzerland 337 4.1   374 4.0   437 3.6   506 2.6   569 3.1   617 3.3   645 4.4
Turkey 325 5.1   356 4.3   409 3.8   466 3.6   522 4.5   569 5.2   596 5.4
United Kingdom 334 4.1   370 3.1   430 2.8   497 3.0   561 3.2   616 2.6   646 3.7
United States 339 4.2   372 3.9   433 4.0   501 4.2   569 4.6   625 5.0   656 5.8
                                         
Non-OECD countries                                        
Albania 212 6.9   254 5.4   319 4.9   389 4.8   458 4.8   509 4.9   538 5.5
Argentina 209 11.3   257 8.3   329 5.8   403 5.3   473 6.3   535 7.1   568 6.7
Azerbaijan 235 5.7   263 4.7   311 4.3   363 3.7   413 4.0   458 4.4   485 6.2
Brazil 262 3.0   293 3.2   348 2.7   409 3.2   474 3.9   537 4.2   572 4.6
Bulgaria 234 8.4   276 7.8   351 8.5   436 8.5   512 6.5   572 7.3   603 6.7
Chinese Taipei 343 4.7   380 3.9   439 3.2   502 2.7   555 2.9   600 4.6   627 6.3
Colombia 269 6.4   302 5.2   355 4.4   414 4.3   473 3.9   524 4.1   554 4.0
Croatia 327 4.9   359 3.6   416 4.5   481 3.5   539 3.1   586 3.5   611 3.8
Dubai-UAE 277 3.4   317 2.8   386 2.4   463 1.5   536 2.4   596 2.7   628 3.1
Hong Kong-China 380 5.5   418 4.5   482 3.1   541 2.3   592 2.5   634 2.9   659 3.1
Indonesia 291 5.8   315 5.0   357 4.1   402 3.6   447 4.6   487 5.0   510 5.8
Jordan 243 6.6   284 5.0   350 4.1   412 3.8   468 3.5   515 3.9   542 4.7
Kazakhstan 245 3.8   275 3.8   327 3.1   387 3.8   452 4.2   513 5.0   545 5.2
Kyrgyz Republic 155 5.6   190 4.7   249 4.1   312 2.9   377 4.2   441 6.4   483 7.5
Latvia 348 6.3   379 4.2   429 3.8   488 3.7   541 3.3   584 3.2   610 4.3
Liechtenstein 355 12.1   385 10.6   442 6.5   508 5.5   560 4.5   600 8.4   626 11.8
Lithuania 324 4.5   353 4.1   409 3.3   471 2.5   530 3.1   580 3.4   608 4.1
Macao-China 357 2.7   388 1.8   437 1.4   489 1.2   540 1.4   582 1.8   608 1.8
Montenegro, Republic of 254 4.2   288 3.8   345 2.6   409 2.5   473 2.4   526 2.7   558 4.1
Panama 209 12.0   246 10.0   304 7.4   368 7.2   436 7.7   502 9.3   540 10.0
Peru 209 5.0   241 3.9   302 4.3   370 4.2   437 5.2   496 6.4   530 7.0
Qatar 196 2.4   228 2.2   288 1.4   365 1.6   450 1.4   529 2.1   573 2.8
Romania 271 6.9   304 5.7   365 6.0   429 4.7   488 4.7   537 4.0   564 4.6
Russian Federation 310 5.8   344 5.5   401 3.6   461 3.3   519 3.2   572 4.5   607 5.6
Serbia, Republic of 299 4.9   331 3.8   388 3.2   446 2.9   501 2.5   547 2.7   573 3.3
Shanghai-China 417 5.2   450 4.8   504 3.5   562 2.8   613 2.8   654 2.7   679 3.3
Singapore 357 3.4   394 3.1   460 2.0   532 2.1   597 2.1   648 2.8   676 2.7
Thailand 305 4.9   331 3.8   373 3.2   420 3.0   469 2.6   514 4.0   542 5.5
Trinidad and Tobago 220 5.8   265 3.9   339 2.5   423 2.0   496 2.3   559 2.5   594 3.0
Tunisia 258 4.4   293 3.8   348 3.4   407 3.2   462 3.4   510 4.8   538 5.2
Uruguay 257 5.2   297 4.2   359 3.5   428 3.2   495 3.1   552 3.3   584 4.5
NOTE: This table shows the threshold (or cut point) score for the following: (a) 5th percentile – the bottom 5 percent of students; (b) 10th percentile – the bottom 10 percent of students; (c) 25th percentile – the bottom quarter of students; (d) 50th percentile – the median (half the students scored below the cut point and half scored above it); (e) 75th percentile – the top quarter of students; (f) 90th percentile – the top 10 percent of students; and (g) 95th percentile – the top 5 percent of students. The percentile ranges are specific to each country's distribution of scores and to each assessment administration, enabling users to compare scores at the cut points across countries and over time. The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) average is the average of the national averages of the OECD member countries, with each country weighted equally. Because the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) is principally an OECD study, the results for non-OECD countries are displayed separately from those of the OECD countries. Scores are reported on a scale from 0 to 1,000. Standard error is noted by s.e. In the country column, italics indicate non-national entities. UAE refers to United Arab Emirates.
SOURCE: Fleischman, H.L., Hopstock, P. J., Pelczar, M.P, and Shelly, B.E. (2010). Highlights From PISA 2009: Performance of U.S. 15-Year-Old Students in Reading, Mathematics, and Science Literacy in an International Context (NCES 2011-004), supplemental table R6. U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
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