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Table B.1.36. Average PISA science literacy scores of 15-year-old students, by sex and jurisdiction: 2006

Jurisdiction Male   Female   Male - female score
point difference
s.e.
Average score s.e.   Average score s.e.  
  OECD average 501 0.7   499 0.6   2 0.7
                   
OECD countries                
  Australia 527 3.2   527 2.7   #
  Austria 515 4.2   507 4.9   8 4.9
  Belgium 511 3.3   510 3.2   1 4.1
  Canada 536 2.5   532 2.1   4 2.2
  Czech Republic 515 4.2   510 4.8   5 5.6
                   
  Denmark 500 3.6   491 3.4   9 3.2
  Finland 562 2.6   565 2.4   -3 2.9
  France 497 4.3   494 3.6   3 4.0
  Germany 519 4.6   512 3.8   7 3.7
  Greece 468 4.5   479 3.4   -11 4.7
                   
  Hungary 507 3.3   501 3.5   6 4.2
  Iceland 488 2.6   494 2.1   -6 3.4
  Ireland 508 4.3   509 3.3   #
  Italy 477 2.8   474 2.5   3 3.5
  Japan 533 4.9   530 5.1   3 7.4
                   
  Korea, Republic of 521 4.8   523 3.9   -2 5.5
  Luxembourg 491 1.8   482 1.8   9 2.9
  Mexico 413 3.2   406 2.6   7 2.2
  Netherlands 528 3.2   521 3.1   7 3.0
  New Zealand 528 3.9   532 3.6   -4 5.2
                   
  Norway 484 3.8   489 3.2   -4 3.4
  Poland 500 2.7   496 2.6   3 2.5
  Portugal 477 3.7   472 3.2   5 3.3
  Slovak 491 3.9   485 3.0   6 4.7
  Spain 491 2.9   486 2.7   4 2.4
                   
  Sweden 504 2.7   503 2.9   1 3.0
  Switzerland 514 3.3   509 3.6   6 2.7
  Turkey 418 4.6   430 4.1   -12 4.1
  United States 520 3.0   510 2.8   10 3.4
  United Kingdom 489 5.1   489 4.0   1 3.5
                   
Non-OECD jurisdictions                
  Argentina 384 6.5   397 6.8   -13 5.6
  Azerbaijan 379 3.1   386 2.7   -8 2.0
  Brazil 395 3.2   386 2.9   9 2.3
  Bulgaria 426 6.6   443 6.9   -17 5.8
  Chile 448 5.4   426 4.4   22 4.8
                   
  Chinese Taipei 536 4.3   529 5.1   7 6.0
  Colombia 393 4.1   384 4.1   9 4.6
  Croatia 492 3.3   494 3.1   -2 4.1
  Estonia 530 3.1   533 2.9   -4 3.1
  Hong Kong-China 546 3.5   539 3.5   7 4.9
                   
  Indonesia 399 8.2   387 3.7   12 6.3
  Israel 456 5.6   452 4.2   3 6.5
  Jordan 408 4.5   436 3.3   -29 5.3
  Kyrgyz Republic 319 3.6   325 3.0   -6 3.0
  Latvia 486 3.5   493 3.2   -7 3.1
                   
  Liechtenstein 516 7.6   527 6.3   -11 11.1
  Lithuania 483 3.1   493 3.1   -9 2.8
  Macao-China 513 1.8   509 1.6   4 2.7
  Qatar 334 1.2   365 1.3   -32 1.9
  Republic of Montenegro 411 1.7   413 1.7   -2 2.6
                   
  Republic of Serbia 433 3.3   438 3.8   -5 3.8
  Romania 417 4.1   419 4.8   -2 3.3
  Russian Federation 481 4.1   478 3.7   3 2.7
  Slovenia 515 2.0   523 1.9   -8 3.2
  Thailand 411 3.4   428 2.5   -17 3.9
                   
  Tunisia 383 3.2   388 3.5   -5 3.4
  Uruguay 427 4.0   430 2.7   -3 4.0
† Not applicable.
# Rounds to zero.
NOTE: The male-female score point difference is calculated by subtracting the average scores of females from the average scores of males. The OECD average is the average of the national averages of the OECD member countries. Because PISA is principally an OECD study, the results for non-OECD jurisdictions are displayed separately from those of the OECD countries and are not included in the OECD average. Differences were computed using unrounded numbers. Because of an error in printing the test booklets, the United States mean performance may be misestimated by approximately 1 score point. The impact is below one standard error. For details see appendix B of Baldi et al. (2007). Apparent differences may not be statistically significant. Standard error is noted by s.e. Detail may not sum to total because of rounding.
SOURCE: Data from Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Program for International Student Assessment (PISA), 2006. Baldi, S., Jin, Y., Skemer, M., Green, P.J., and Herget, D. ( 2007). Highlights From PISA 2006: Performance of U.S. 15-Year-Old Students in Science and Mathematics Literacy in an International Context (NCES 2008-016), table C-9. National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC.
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