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Table B.1.34. Average PISA combined science literacy scores and subscale scores of 15-year-old students, by jurisdiction: 2006

Jurisdiction Combined science literacy scale   Science literacy subscales
Identifying scientific issues   Explaining phenomena scientifically   Using scientific evidence
Average score s.e. Average score s.e. Average score s.e. Average score s.e.
  OECD average 500 0.5   499 0.5   500 0.5   499 0.6
                         
OECD countries                      
  Australia 527 2.3   535 2.3   520 2.3   531 2.4
  Austria 511 3.9   505 3.7   516 4.0   505 4.7
  Belgium 510 2.5   515 2.7   503 2.5   516 3.0
  Canada 534 2.0   532 2.3   531 2.1   542 2.2
  Czech Republic 513 3.5   500 4.2   527 3.5   501 4.1
                         
  Denmark 496 3.1   493 3.0   501 3.3   489 3.6
  Finland 563 2.0   555 2.3   566 2.0   567 2.3
  France 495 3.4   499 3.5   481 3.2   511 3.9
  Germany 516 3.8   510 3.8   519 3.7   515 4.6
  Greece 473 3.2   469 3.0   476 3.0   465 4.0
                         
  Hungary 504 2.7   483 2.6   518 2.6   497 3.4
  Iceland 491 1.6   494 1.7   488 1.5   491 1.7
  Ireland 508 3.2   516 3.3   505 3.2   506 3.4
  Italy 475 2.0   474 2.2   480 2.0   467 2.3
  Japan 531 3.4   522 4.0   527 3.1   544 4.2
                         
  Korea, Republic of 522 3.4   519 3.7   512 3.3   538 3.7
  Luxembourg 486 1.1   483 1.1   483 1.1   492 1.1
  Mexico 410 2.7   421 2.6   406 2.7   402 3.1
  Netherlands 525 2.7   533 3.3   522 2.7   526 3.3
  New Zealand 530 2.7   536 2.9   522 2.8   537 3.3
                         
  Norway 487 3.1   489 3.1   495 3.0   473 3.6
  Poland 498 2.3   483 2.5   506 2.5   494 2.7
  Portugal 474 3.0   486 3.1   469 2.9   472 3.6
  Slovak Republic 488 2.6   475 3.2   501 2.7   478 3.3
  Spain 488 2.6   489 2.4   490 2.4   485 3.0
                         
  Sweden 503 2.4   499 2.6   510 2.9   496 2.6
  Switzerland 512 3.2   515 3.0   508 3.3   519 3.4
  Turkey 424 3.8   427 3.4   423 4.1   417 4.3
  United Kingdom 515 2.3   514 2.3   517 2.3   514 2.5
  United States 489 4.2   492 3.8   486 4.3   489 5.0
                         
Non-OECD jurisdictions                      
  Argentina 391 6.1   395 5.7   386 6.0   385 7.0
  Azerbaijan 382 2.8   353 3.1   412 3.0   344 4.0
  Brazil 390 2.8   398 2.8   390 2.7   378 3.6
  Bulgaria 434 6.1   427 6.3   444 5.8   417 7.5
  Chile 438 4.3   444 4.1   432 4.1   440 5.1
                         
  Chinese Taipei 532 3.6   509 3.7   545 3.7   532 3.7
  Colombia 388 3.4   402 3.4   379 3.4   383 3.9
  Croatia 493 2.4   494 2.6   492 2.5   490 3.0
  Estonia 531 2.5   516 2.6   541 2.6   531 2.7
  Hong Kong-China 542 2.5   528 3.2   549 2.5   542 2.7
                         
  Indonesia 393 5.7   393 5.6   395 5.1   386 7.3
  Israel 454 3.7   457 3.9   443 3.6   460 4.7
  Jordan 422 2.8   409 2.8   438 3.1   405 3.3
  Kyrgyz Republic 322 2.9   321 3.2   334 3.1   288 3.8
  Latvia 490 3.0   489 3.3   486 2.9   491 3.4
                         
  Liechtenstein 522 4.1   522 3.7   516 4.1   535 4.3
  Lithuania 488 2.8   476 2.7   494 3.0   487 3.1
  Macao-China 511 1.1   490 1.2   520 1.2   512 1.2
  Qatar 349 0.9   352 0.8   356 1.0   324 1.2
  Republic of Montenegro 412 1.1   401 1.2   417 1.1   407 1.3
                         
  Republic of Serbia 436 3.0   431 3.0   441 3.1   425 3.7
  Romania 418 4.2   409 3.6   426 4.0   407 6.0
  Russian Federation 479 3.7   463 4.2   483 3.4   481 4.2
  Slovenia 519 1.1   517 1.4   523 1.5   516 1.3
  Thailand 421 2.1   413 2.5   420 2.1   423 2.6
                         
  Tunisia 386 3.0   384 3.8   383 2.9   382 3.7
  Uruguay 428 2.7   429 3.0   423 2.9   429 3.1
NOTE: The OECD average is the average of the national averages of the OECD member countries. Because PISA is principally an OECD study, the results for non-OECD jurisdictions are displayed separately from those of the OECD countries and are not included in the OECD average. Because of an error in printing the test booklets, the United States mean performance may be misestimated by approximately 1 score point. The impact is below one standard error. For details see appendix B of Baldi et al. (2007). Apparent differences may not be statistically significant. Standard error is noted by s.e.
SOURCE: Data from Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Program for International Student Assessment (PISA), 2006. Baldi, S., Jin, Y., Skemer, M., Green, P.J., and Herget, D. (2007). Highlights From PISA 2006: Performance of U.S. 15-Year-Old Students in Science and Mathematics Literacy in an International Context (NCES 2008-016), table C-2. National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC.
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