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Table B.1.32. Average PISA science literacy scores of 15-year-old students, by jurisdiction: 2000, 2003, and 2006

Jurisdiction 2000   2003   2006
Average score   s.e.     Average score s.e.     Average score s.e.  
    OECD average   500   0.7       500 0.6     500 0.5
                               
OECD countries                              
  Australia   528   3.5     525 2.1     527 2.3
  Austria   519   2.6     491 3.4     511 3.9
  Belgium   496   4.3       509 2.5     510 2.5
  Canada   529   1.6     519 2.0     534 2.0
  Czech Republic   511   2.4       523 3.4     513 3.5
                                 
  Denmark   481   2.8     475 3.0     496 3.1  
  Finland   538   2.5     548 1.9     563 2.0
  France   500   3.2       511 3.0     495 3.4  
  Germany   487   2.4       502 3.6     516 3.8
  Greece   461   4.9     481 3.8     473 3.2
                                 
  Hungary   496   4.2       503 2.8       504 2.7
  Iceland   496   2.2       495 1.5     491 1.6  
  Ireland   513   3.2       505 2.7     508 3.2
  Italy   478   3.1     486 3.1     475 2.0
  Japan   550   5.5     548 4.1     531 3.4
                                 
  Korea   552   2.7     538 3.5     522 3.4
  Luxembourg   443   2.3     483 1.5     486 1.1  
  Mexico   422   3.2     405 3.5     410 2.7
  Netherlands   (3)         524 3.1     525 2.7
  New Zealand   528   2.4     521 2.4     530 2.7
                               
  Norway   500   2.8       484 2.9     487 3.1  
  Poland   483   5.1       498 2.9       498 2.3  
  Portugal   459   4.0     468 3.5     474 3.0
  Slovak Republic           495 3.7     488 2.6  
  Spain   491   3.0       487 2.6       488 2.6  
                               
  Sweden   512   2.5       506 2.7     503 2.4
  Switzerland   496   4.4       513 3.7     512 3.2
  Turkey           434 5.9     424 3.8
  United Kingdom   532   2.7     (4)       515 2.3
  United States   499   7.3       491 3.1       489 4.2  
                               
Non-OECD jurisdictions                              
  Albania   376 5  2.9            
  Argentina   396 5  8.6           391 6.1
  Azerbaijan                 382 2.8
  Brazil   375   3.3     390 4.3       390 2.8
  Bulgaria   448 5  4.6           434 6.1
                                 
  Chile   415 5  3.4           438 4.3
  Chinese Taipei                 532 3.6
  Colombia                 388 3.4
  Croatia                 493 2.4  
  Estonia                 531 2.5
                                 
  Hong Kong-China   541 5  3.0     539 4.3     542 2.5
  Indonesia   393 5  3.9     395 3.2     393 5.7
  Israel   434 5  9.0           454 3.7
  Jordan                 422 2.8
  Kyrgyz Republic                 322 2.9
                                 
  Latvia   460   5.6     489 3.9       490 3.0  
  Liechtenstein   476   7.1     525 4.3     522 4.1
  Lithuania                 488 2.8  
  Macao-China           525 3.0     511 1.1
  Macedonia, FYR   401   2.1            
                                 
  Montenegro, Republic of6            436 3.5     412 1.1
  Peru   333   4.0            
  Qatar                 349 0.9
  Romania   441   3.4           418 4.2
  Russian Federation   460   4.7     489 4.1     479 3.7  
                                 
  Serbia, Republic of6            436 3.5     436 3.0
  Slovenia                 519 1.1
  Thailand   436 5  3.1     429 2.7     421 2.1
  Tunisia           385 2.6     386 3.0
  Uruguay           438 2.9     428 2.7
∆ Score is higher than U.S. score (p <.05).  
▼ Score is lower than U.S. score (p <.05).  
— Not available. (Data were not collected or not reported)  
† Not applicable.  
1 Tests for significance have been updated from what was presented in the PISA 2000 U.S. report (Lemke, Calsyn, Lippman, Jocelyn, Kastberg, Liu, Roey, Williams, Kruger, and Bairu, 2001). Some jurisdiction differences reported here were not reported as statistically significant in the PISA 2000 U.S. report. In that report, a Bonferroni adjustment was used in all multiple comparisons of jurisdictions. This was not the case when PISA 2003 and 2006 data were analyzed and reported, thus PISA 2000 tests have been updated in this report to keep consistency across years. For more details, see appendix A of Provasnik, Gonzales, and Miller (2009).  
2 The science framework was revised for PISA 2006. Because of changes in the framework, it is not possible to compare science learning outcomes from PISA 2006 with those of earlier PISA assessments. The line dividing PISA 2006 results from those of PISA 2000 and PISA 2003 indicates that these data are not comparable. For more details, see OECD 2007 (available at http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/30/17/39703267.pdf).  
3 Because of technical problems with its sample, 2000 data for the Netherlands have been omitted from PISA reports.  
4 Because of low response rates, 2003 data for the United Kingdom have been omitted from PISA reports.  
5 Did not participate with other jurisdictions in PISA in 2000; administered PISA in 2001.  
6 The Republics of Montenegro and Serbia were a united jurisdiction for the PISA 2003 assessment.  
NOTE: The OECD average is the average of the national averages of the OECD member countries. Because PISA is principally an OECD study, the results for non-OECD jurisdictions are displayed separately from those of the OECD countries and are not included in the OECD average. Science literacy scores are reported on a scale from 0 to 1,000. The tests for significance take into account the standard error for the reported difference. Thus, a small difference between the United States and one jurisdiction may be significant while a large difference between the United States and another jurisdiction may not be significant. Standard error is noted by s.e.  
SOURCE: Data from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Program for International Student Assessment (PISA), 2000, 2003, and 2006. Provasnik, S., Gonzales, P., and Miller, D. (2009). U.S. Performance Across International Assessments of Student Achievement: Special Supplement to The Condition of Education 2009 (NCES 2009-083), table A-8. National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC.  
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
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