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Table B.1.31a. IEA: Trends in percentages of fourth-grade students reaching the TIMSS 2007 international benchmarks in science, by jurisdiction: 1995, 2003, and 2007
Jurisdiction Advanced (625)   High (550)   Intermediate (475)   Low (400)
1995   2003   2007   1995   2003   2007   1995   2003   2007   1995   2003   2007
Percent   s.e.     Percent   s.e.     Percent   s.e.   Percent   s.e.     Percent   s.e.     Percent   s.e.   Percent   s.e.     Percent   s.e.     Percent   s.e.   Percent   s.e.     Percent   s.e.     Percent   s.e.
Armenia         2   0.4   12   1.8         10   1.0   27   1.8         38   1.7   52   1.8         66   1.8   77   1.6
Australia   13   1.1     9   1.0     10   0.7   40   1.3     38   1.7     41   2.2   72   1.7   74   2.0     76   1.6   89   1.1   92   1.1     93   0.8
Austria   13   1.4         9   0.7   45   1.8         39   1.3   79   1.5         76   1.3   94   0.7           93   0.6
Chinese Taipei         14   1.0   19   1.0         52   1.1     55   1.2         87   0.7     86   0.7         98   0.3   97   0.4
Czech Republic   12   1.1         7   0.7   42   1.5         33   1.9   77   1.2         72   1.4   95   0.6           93   0.8
                                                                                                               
England   15   1.1     15   1.4     14   1.2   42   1.7   47   1.8     48   1.6   72   1.3   79   1.3     81   1.1   90   0.8   94   0.7     95   0.6
Hong Kong SAR1   5   0.6   7   0.8   14   1.4   30   1.6   47   2.2   55   2.2   69   1.7   87   1.2     88   1.2   91   1.1   98   0.3     98   0.4
Hungary   7   0.7   10   0.9   13   1.0   32   1.7   42   1.6     47   1.8   67   1.8   76   1.4     78   1.6   90   1.0   94   0.7     93   0.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. of   #     1   0.2   2   0.3   3   0.7   7   0.7   12   1.0   15   1.5   28   1.5   36   1.7   42   2.1   58   1.7   65   1.9
Italy         9   1.1   13   1.0         35   1.9   44   1.6         70   1.6   78   1.3         91   0.9   94   0.7
                                                                                                               
Japan   15   0.8   12   0.6     12   1.0   54   1.3     49   1.1     51   1.1   87   0.7     84   0.7   86   1.0   97   0.4     96   0.4     97   0.4
Latvia   5   1.4   7   0.7   10   1.1   21   2.1   39   1.9   47   1.7   55   2.1   80   1.5   84   1.3   85   1.4   96   0.6     98   0.4
Lithuania         3   0.5     3   0.4         30   1.3     30   1.4         73   1.6     74   1.4         95   0.7     95   0.6
Morocco         #       #           1 ! 0.3     2   0.5         9   0.8     9   1.4         24   1.6     21   1.9
Netherlands   6   0.7   3   0.5     4   0.8   38   2.1     32   1.5     34   1.8   82   1.6     83   1.2   79   1.4   98   0.7     99   0.4     97   0.5
                                                                                                               
New Zealand   11   1.2   9   0.7     8   0.5   35   1.8     39   1.3   32   1.0   66   1.8     74   1.2   65   1.2   85   1.7     92   0.7   87   1.0
Norway   8   0.9   2   0.3     1 ! 0.4   32   1.6   15   0.9     17   1.4   65   1.7   49   1.4   54   2.0   88   1.1   79   1.5   84   1.4
Russian Federation         11   1.4     16   1.9         39   2.7   49   2.3         74   2.4   82   1.7         93   1.1     96   0.9
Scotland   12   1.1   5   0.5     4   0.6   37   1.8   27   1.5     26   1.2   68   1.9     66   1.5     65   1.3   88   1.3     90   0.9     90   0.8
Singapore   14   1.6   25   2.4   36   1.9   42   2.2   61   2.6   68   1.9   71   1.7   86   1.6     88   1.1   89   0.9   95   0.9     96   0.5
                                                                                                               
Slovenia   2   0.4   3   0.4   6   0.6   14   1.1   22   1.3   36   1.3   45   1.5   61   1.4   74   1.0   79   1.4   87   0.9   93   0.6
Tunisia         #       #           2   0.3   3   0.5         10   1.0   14   1.1         27   1.7   31   1.7
United States   19   1.2   13   0.8     15   0.9   50   1.6     45   1.4     47   1.4   78   1.1     78   1.0     78   1.1   92   0.7     94   0.5     94   0.6
                                                                                                               
Benchmarking jurisdictions                                                                                                                
Alberta, Canada 21   2.2         12   1.3   57   3.5         48   2.0   84   3.2           82   1.5   94   2.5           96   0.7
Minnesota, US 21   2.8           17   1.9   54   3.9           54   3.2   82   2.6           84   2.1   95   2.1           96   1.5
Ontario, Canada 10   0.7     13   1.6     12   1.2   37   1.7   47   1.9     45   2.2   71   1.7   81   1.4     79   1.7   90   1.0   96   0.6     95   1.0
Quebec, Canada 9   1.3   3   0.4   5   0.6   40   3.7   25   1.3   32   1.9   77   2.5     66   1.4   74   1.9   94   1.3     91   0.8   96   0.6
∆ 2007 percent significantly higher (p <.05)
▼ 2007 percent significantly lower (p <.05)
— Not available.
† Not applicable.
# Rounds to zero.
! Interpret data with caution. (Estimates are unstable.)
1 Hong Kong is a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the People's Republic of China.
NOTE: Data are not shown for Kuwait, because comparable data from previous cycles are not available. Data for Tunisia do not include private schools. TIMSS scores are reported on a scale from 0 to 1,000. Benchmarks refer to the percentage of students who reached each cutpoint score along the scale (400, 475, 550, 625). For benchmark definitions and methodology see Mullis, Martin, and Foy (2008). Benchmarking jurisdictions are subnational entities that followed the same international guidelines as countries to participate in TIMSS. Apparent differences may not be statistically significant. Standard error is noted by s.e.
SOURCE: Data from the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA), Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), 2007. Mullis, I.V.S., Martin, M.O., and Foy, P. (2008). TIMSS 2007 International Science Report: Findings from IEA's Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study at the Fourth and Eighth Grades, exhibit 2.3. Chestnut Hill, MA: Boston College PDF File (14MB).
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