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Table B.1.27b. Average TIMSS science content and cognitive domain scores of eighth-grade students, by jurisdiction: 2007

Jurisdiction Content domain   Cognitive domain
Biology   Chemistry   Physics   Earth science   Knowing   Applying   Reasoning
Average score   s.e.   Average score   s.e.   Average score   s.e.   Average score   s.e.   Average score   s.e.   Average score   s.e.   Average score   s.e.
TIMSS scale average 500 * 0.0   500 * 0.0   500   0.0   500 * 0.0   500 * 0.0   500 * 0.0   500 * 0.0
                                                       
Algeria 411 * 1.9   414 * 1.7   397 * 2.2   413 * 1.6   409 * 1.9   410 * 2.4   414 * 1.9
Armenia 490 * 5.9   478 * 6.3   503   5.6   475 * 5.8   493 * 6.4   502 * 5.4   459 * 6.5
Australia 518 * 3.4   505   3.6   508   4.2   519   3.8   501 * 3.1   510   3.2   530   3.6
Bahrain 473 * 2.0   468 * 2.4   466 * 1.5   465 * 2.4   469 * 2.1   468 * 2.1   469 * 2.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 464 * 3.0   468 * 2.9   463 * 3.1   469 * 3.4   486 * 3.7   463 * 2.8   452 * 3.1
                                                       
Botswana 359 * 2.9   371 * 2.4   351 * 3.2   361 * 4.0   361 * 2.9   358 * 3.2   362 * 2.7
Bulgaria1 467 * 6.0   472 * 6.1   466 * 5.6   480 * 5.5   489 * 5.8   471 * 6.1   448 * 6.1
Chinese Taipei 549 * 3.4   573 * 4.2   554 * 3.7   545 * 2.9   565 * 3.5   560 * 3.4   541 * 3.5
Colombia 434 * 3.7   420 * 3.1   407 * 3.5   407 * 3.9   418 * 4.0   417 * 3.1   428 * 2.7
Cyprus 447 * 1.9   452 * 2.5   458 * 2.8   457 * 2.3   438 * 2.6   456 * 2.0   460 * 2.3
                                                       
Czech Republic 531   2.1   535 * 2.7   537 * 2.1   534 * 2.0   533 * 2.1   539 * 1.9   534   2.3
Egypt 406 * 3.4   413 * 4.0   413 * 3.3   426 * 3.8   434 * 3.9   404 * 3.6   395 * 3.4
El Salvador 398 * 3.0   377 * 3.2   380 * 3.5   400 * 2.9   394 * 3.2   388 * 3.2   384 * 3.4
England 541 * 4.4   534 * 4.0   545 * 4.0   529   4.3   530 * 4.9   538 * 4.0   547 * 4.0
Georgia2 423 * 3.9   418 * 4.6   416 * 5.8   425 * 4.1   440 * 5.1   422 * 4.5   394 * 4.6
                                                       
Ghana 304 * 5.0   342 * 4.9   276 * 5.8   294 * 5.8   316 * 5.7   291 * 5.5    
Hong Kong SAR3,4 527   4.6   517   4.6   528 * 4.8   532   4.5   532 * 4.5   522   4.9   533   5.0
Hungary 534   2.7   536 * 3.5   541 * 3.2   531   2.9   524 * 3.0   549 * 3.0   530   3.0
Indonesia 428 * 3.1   421 * 3.4   432 * 3.1   442 * 3.3   426 * 3.6   425 * 3.1   438 * 3.2
Iran, Islamic Rep. of 449 * 3.6   463 * 3.5   470 * 3.6   476 * 3.7   468 * 3.9   454 * 3.8   462 * 3.8
                                                       
Israel1 472 * 4.2   467 * 4.6   472 * 4.6   462 * 4.1   456 * 5.0   472 * 4.2   481 * 4.2
Italy 502 * 3.0   481 * 2.9   489 * 3.1   503 * 3.1   494 * 3.3   498 * 2.9   493 * 2.6
Japan 553 * 1.9   551 * 1.9   558 * 1.9   533   2.5   534 * 2.2   555 * 2.0   560 * 2.0
Jordan 478 * 3.8   491 * 4.1   479 * 4.2   484 * 3.6   491 * 4.5   485 * 4.1   471 * 4.1
Korea, Rep. of 548 * 1.9   536 * 2.4   571 * 2.4   538 * 2.2   543 * 2.0   547 * 2.0   558 * 2.0
                                                       
Kuwait5 419 * 2.6   418 * 3.8   438 * 2.8   410 * 3.0   430 * 2.5   417 * 2.9   411 * 2.9
Lebanon 405 * 6.2   447 * 5.5   431 * 5.1   389 * 6.4   403 * 5.9   422 * 5.8   420 * 5.6
Lithuania2 527   2.3   507   2.3   505   2.9   515 * 2.5   513   2.4   512   2.2   527   2.5
Malaysia 469 * 5.8   479 * 5.0   484 * 5.8   463 * 5.4   458 * 6.5   473 * 5.9   487 * 4.9
Malta 453 * 1.7   461 * 2.1   470 * 1.7   456 * 1.5   436 * 1.5   462 * 1.6   473 * 1.4
                                                       
Norway 487 * 2.3   483 * 2.2   475 * 3.0   502 * 2.5   486 * 2.0   486 * 2.3   491 * 2.8
Oman 414 * 3.1   416 * 3.6   443 * 2.9   439 * 2.5   428 * 3.5   423 * 3.2   428 * 3.5
Palestinian Nat'l Auth. 402 * 4.1   413 * 4.2   414 * 3.7   408 * 3.7   407 * 3.5   412 * 4.0   396 * 3.8
Qatar 318 * 1.7   322 * 1.8   347 * 2.1   312 * 1.9   325 * 1.7   322 * 1.5    
Romania 459 * 3.2   463 * 4.0   458 * 3.4   471 * 3.3   451 * 4.2   470 * 3.5   460 * 3.5
                                                       
Russian Federation 525   3.6   535 * 3.7   519 * 4.0   525   3.4   534 * 4.3   527 * 3.8   520   3.7
Saudi Arabia 407 * 2.4   390 * 2.5   408 * 2.3   423 * 2.3   417 * 2.1   403 * 2.7   395 * 2.5
Scotland3 495 * 3.2   497 * 3.2   494   3.7   498 * 3.2   480 * 3.9   495 * 3.1   511 * 3.6
Serbia2,6 474 * 3.2   467 * 3.7   467 * 3.0   466 * 3.8   485 * 2.8   469 * 3.6   455 * 3.5
Singapore 564 * 4.2   560 * 4.1   575 * 3.9   541 * 4.1   554 * 4.5   567 * 4.2   564 * 4.1
                                                       
Slovenia 530   2.3   539 * 2.5   524 * 2.0   542 * 2.2   533 * 2.0   533 * 2.2   538 * 2.2
Sweden 515 * 2.4   499 * 2.4   506   2.7   510 * 3.0   505   2.3   509   2.7   517 * 2.6
Syrian Arab Republic 459 * 2.7   450 * 2.9   447 * 2.7   448 * 3.2   474 * 2.9   445 * 3.0   440 * 2.7
Thailand 478 * 4.5   462 * 4.1   458 * 4.2   488 * 3.8   473 * 4.4   472 * 4.1   473 * 4.0
Tunisia 452 * 2.2   458 * 2.5   432 * 2.5   447 * 1.8   441 * 2.0   445 * 2.3   458 * 2.9
                                                       
Turkey 462 * 3.4   435 * 5.2   445 * 4.3   466 * 3.3   462 * 3.6   450 * 3.6   462 * 3.4
Ukraine 477 * 3.4   490 * 3.3   492 * 3.9   482 * 4.0   477 * 3.8   488 * 3.7   488 * 3.9
United States3,6 530   2.8   510   2.7   503   2.7   525   3.1   512   2.9   516   2.7   529   2.9
— Not available. Average achievement could not be estimated.                                        
† Not applicable.                                                      
* Average score is significantly different from U.S. average score (p <.05).                                
1 National Defined Population covered less than 90 percent of the National Target Population (but at least 77 percent).                                                      
2 National Target Population did not include all of the International Target Population defined by the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS).
3 Met guidelines for sample participation rates only after substitute schools were included.
4 Hong Kong is a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the People's Republic of China.
5 Kuwait tested the same cohort of students as other countries, but later in 2007, at the beginning of the next school year.
6 National Defined Population covered 90 percent to 95 percent of the National Target Population.
NOTE: Science scores are reported on a scale from 0 to 1,000. The tests for significance take into account the standard error for the reported difference. Thus, a small difference between the United States and one jurisdiction may be significant while a large difference between the United States and another jurisdiction may not be significant. For details on footnotes see Appendix A of Gonzales et al. (2008). Standard error is noted by s.e.
SOURCE: Data from the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA), Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), 2007. Gonzales, P., Williams, T., Jocelyn, L., Roey, S., Kastberg, D., and Brenwald, S. (2008). Highlights From TIMSS 2007: Mathematics and Science Achievement of U.S. Fourth- and Eighth-Grade Students in an International Context (NCES 2009—001 Revised), table E-23. National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC.
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