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Table B.1.27a. Average TIMSS science content and cognitive domain scores of fourth-grade students, by jurisdiction: 2007

Jurisdiction Content domain   Cognitive domain
Life science   Physical science   Earth science   Knowing   Applying   Reasoning
Average score   s.e.   Average score   s.e.   Average score   s.e.   Average score   s.e.   Average score   s.e.   Average score   s.e.
TIMSS scale average 500 * 0.0   500 * 0.0   500 * 0.0   500 * 0.0   500 * 0.0   500 * 0.0
                                               
Algeria 351 * 6.2   377 * 5.3   365 * 5.7   350 * 5.8   379 * 5.7   357 * 5.8
Armenia 489 * 5.9   492 * 5.1   479 * 5.5   486 * 5.2   487 * 5.6   484 * 5.3
Australia 528 * 3.4   522 * 3.1   534   3.2   529 * 3.1   523 * 3.3   530   3.4
Austria 526 * 2.0   514 * 2.4   532   1.9   529 * 2.0   526 * 2.2   513 * 2.3
Chinese Taipei 541   2.1   559 * 2.5   553 * 1.9   536   2.5   556 * 2.1   571 * 2.4
                                               
Colombia 408 * 5.2   411 * 4.9   401 * 5.6   409 * 5.5   404 * 5.4   409 * 5.1
Czech Republic 520 * 2.9   511 * 2.8   518 * 2.6   520 * 2.7   516 * 3.1   510 * 2.9
Denmark1 527 * 2.4   502 * 2.5   522 * 2.7   516 * 2.9   515 * 2.6   525 * 3.8
El Salvador 410 * 3.6   392 * 3.8   393 * 3.3   410 * 3.9   393 * 3.6   376 * 4.0
England 532 * 2.7   543 * 2.7   538   2.9   543   2.9   536   2.7   537   2.7
                                               
Georgia2 427 * 3.5   414 * 4.0   432 * 5.0   434 * 3.8   424 * 4.1   388 * 4.9
Germany 529 * 2.0   524 * 2.5   524 * 2.4   527 * 2.2   526   2.2   525 * 2.3
Hong Kong SAR3 532   3.5   558 * 3.5   560 * 3.2   546   3.2   549 * 3.0   561 * 4.4
Hungary 548 * 2.9   529   3.3   517 * 3.5   540   3.0   531   3.2   529   3.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. of 442 * 4.4   454 * 4.2   433 * 4.1   437 * 4.3   451 * 4.3   436 * 4.4
                                               
Italy 549 * 3.0   521 * 3.1   526   3.0   530 * 3.9   539   3.1   526 * 3.8
Japan 530 * 2.0   564 * 2.3   529   2.7   528 * 2.2   542 * 2.7   567 * 2.1
Kazakhstan2 528 * 5.0   528   5.8   534   5.2   534   5.8   536   4.9   519 * 5.3
Kuwait4 353 * 4.9   345 * 5.2   363 * 3.8   360 * 3.9   338 * 4.3   331 * 5.4
Latvia2 535   2.1   544 * 2.4   536   2.2   540   2.2   535   2.4   551 * 2.7
                                               
Lithuania2 516 * 1.8   514 * 1.4   511 * 2.5   511 * 1.7   515 * 2.8   524 * 2.4
Morocco 292 * 6.8   324 * 5.5   293 * 6.2   291 * 5.8   311 * 6.3   318 * 5.4
Netherlands5 536   2.2   503 * 2.3   524 * 2.5   518 * 2.5   525 * 2.2   525 * 2.3
New Zealand 507 * 2.5   498 * 2.5   515 * 2.6   511 * 2.5   500 * 2.4   505 * 2.9
Norway 487 * 2.5   469 * 2.7   497 * 2.9   485 * 2.4   478 * 2.8   480 * 3.2
                                               
Qatar 291 * 1.4   303 * 2.1   305 * 2.2   304 * 2.3   283 * 2.7   293 * 2.9
Russian Federation 539   4.1   547 * 4.6   536   4.3   542   4.8   546 * 4.7   542   4.6
Scotland1 504 * 2.2   499 * 1.9   508 * 2.5   511 * 2.0   494 * 2.4   501 * 2.2
Singapore 582 * 4.1   585 * 3.9   554 * 3.3   587 * 4.1   579 * 3.7   568 * 3.7
Slovak Republic 532   4.0   513 * 4.6   530   4.8   527 * 4.4   527   4.4   513 * 4.9
                                               
Slovenia 511 * 2.2   530   1.6   517 * 2.5   511 * 1.6   525 * 2.1   527 * 1.8
Sweden 531 * 2.5   508 * 2.7   535   2.7   526 * 2.5   521 * 2.9   527   3.5
Tunisia 323 * 5.6   340 * 6.4   325 * 5.8   316 * 5.9   329 * 6.3   349 * 5.3
Ukraine 482 * 2.5   475 * 2.7   474 * 3.1   476 * 2.4   477 * 3.2   478 * 3.0
United States1,6 540   2.5   534   2.4   533   2.6   541   2.3   533   2.8   535   2.6
                                               
Yemen                      
— Not available. Average achievement could not be estimated.                                
† Not applicable.                                              
* Average score is significantly different from U.S. average score (p <.05).                        
1 Met guidelines for sample participation rates only after substitute schools were included.
2 National Target Population did not include all of the International Target Population defined by the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS).
3 Hong Kong is a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the People's Republic of China.
4 Kuwait tested the same cohort of students as other countries, but later in 2007, at the beginning of the next school year.
5 Nearly satisfied guidelines for sample participation rates only after substitute schools were included.
6 National Defined Population covered 90 percent to 95 percent of the National Target Population.
NOTE: Science scores are reported on a scale from 0 to 1,000. The tests for significance take into account the standard error for the reported difference. Thus, a small difference between the United States and one jurisdiction may be significant while a large difference between the United States and another jurisdiction may not be significant. For details on footnotes see Appendix A of Gonzales et al. (2008). Standard error is noted by s.e.
SOURCE: Data from the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA), Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), 2007. Gonzales, P., Williams, T., Jocelyn, L., Roey, S., Kastberg, D., and Brenwald, S. (2008). Highlights From TIMSS 2007: Mathematics and Science Achievement of U.S. Fourth- and Eighth-Grade Students in an International Context (NCES 2009—001 Revised), table E-22. National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC.
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